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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography - Our Country - India

Q1. Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Name the major physical divisions of India.
Ans: The major physical divisions of India are:

  • The Himalayas
  • The Northern Indian Plains
  • The Great Indian Desert
  • The Peninsular Plateau
  • The Coastal Plains
  • The Islands

(b) India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.
Ans: The countries that share land boundaries with India are:

  • Afghanistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • China
  • Pakistan
  • Nepal
  • Myanmar

(c)  Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea? 
Ans: Narmada and Tapti are the two major rivers that fall into the Arabian Sea.

(d) Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
Ans: Sunderbans delta is formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.

(e) How many States and Union Territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?
Ans: There are 29 states and 8 Union Territories. Haryana and Punjab have the same capital.

(f) Why do a large number of people live in the Northern Plains?
Ans: Northern plains are formed by the alluvial deposits laid down by the rivers- the Indus, the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and their tributaries. These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation. Therefore, a large number of people live in the Northern plains.

(g) Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?
Ans: Lakshdweep island is known as coral island because it has been made up of coral, which are skeletons of tiny marine animals called polyps. When the living polyps die, other polyps grow on top of their hard skeletons. They grow higher and higher and thus form coral islands.


Q2. Tick the correct answers.
(a) The southernmost Himalayas are known as
(i) Shiwaliks
(ii) Himadri
(iii) Himachal
Ans: (i) Shiwaliks

(b) Sahyadris is also known as
(i) Aravali
(ii) Western Ghats
(iii) Himadri
Ans: (ii) Western Ghats

(c) The Palk Strait lies between the countries
(i) Sri Lanka and Maldives
(ii) India and Sri Lanka
(iii) India and Maldives
Ans: (ii) India and Sri Lanka

(d) The Indian islands in the Arabian Sea are known as
(i) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(ii) Lakshadweep Islands
(iii) Maldives
Ans: (ii) Lakshadweep Islands

(e) The oldest mountain range in India is the
(i) Aravali hills
(ii) Western ghats
(iii) Himalayas
Ans: (i) Aravali hills


Q3. Fill in the blanks.
(a) India has an area of about ___________.
Ans:  3.28 million sq. kms.

(b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as ___________.
Ans:  Himadri

(c) The largest state in India in terms of area is ___________.
Ans:  Rajashthan

(d) The river Narmada falls into the ___________ sea.
Ans:  Arabian

(e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is ___________.
Ans:  Tropic of Cancer


Map skills

Q1. On an outline map of India, mark the following.
(a) Tropic of Cancer
(b) Standard Meridian of India
(c) State in which you live
(d) Andaman Islands and Lakshadweep Islands
(e) Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats
Ans:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography - Our Country - India

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography - Our Country - India is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography - Our Country - India

1. What are the major geographical features of India?
Ans. India has diverse geographical features including mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, and coastal areas. Some major geographical features are the Himalayas, Thar Desert, Western and Eastern Ghats, Indo-Gangetic Plain, and the Deccan Plateau.
2. How does India's geography influence its climate?
Ans. India's geography affects its climate by creating diverse climatic conditions. The Himalayas block cold winds from Central Asia, leading to the Indian subcontinent's tropical climate. The Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats influence the southwest and northeast monsoons, respectively.
3. What are the different types of vegetation found in India?
Ans. India has a variety of vegetation zones, including tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, thorn forests, mangrove forests, alpine forests, and desert vegetation. Each zone supports different plant species and ecosystems.
4. How does India's location on the Indian Ocean impact its economy?
Ans. India's location on the Indian Ocean has historically facilitated trade and cultural exchange with other countries. The Indian Ocean provides access to maritime trade routes, allowing India to engage in international commerce, boosting its economy.
5. How does India's diverse culture contribute to its national identity?
Ans. India's diverse culture, encompassing various languages, religions, traditions, and festivals, plays a significant role in shaping its national identity. The unity in diversity principle highlights the coexistence of different cultures, contributing to India's unique identity as a multicultural nation.
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