Class 6 Exam  >  Class 6 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 6  >  NCERT Solutions: Panchayati Raj

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj

Q1. What problem did the villagers in Hardas village face? What did they do to solve this problem
Ans: Problem faced by the villagers in Hardas village:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj(i) Acute water shortage.
(ii) Hand pump water has gone well below the point up to which the ground has been drilled.
(iii) Women have to go to the Suru river which is 3 k.m. away to get water.
Solution done by them to solve this problem:
(i) Piping water from the river Suru and making an overhead tank in the village.
(ii) Deepen the handpumps and clean the wells for this season.
(iii) Finally, they came with the permanent solution of conserving water or the watershed development.


Q2. What, in your opinion, is the importance of the Gram Sabha? Do you think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings? Why?
Ans: Importance of Gram Sabha:
(i) Gram Sabha elect the members of the Gram Panchayat.
(ii) It can question Gram Panchayat  and keep watch on their work.
(iii) Local problems of the villagers can be discussed in the meeting.
(iv) They can recommend solutions to the problems.
Yes, I think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings because they can raise the problems faced by them daily. They can also advise and make aware of the work done by the Gram Panchayat. It is the forum where they can discuss the welfare programmes of the village.


Q3. What is the link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Ans: Link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat:
(i) Gram Sabha elect the members of the Gram Panchayat.
(ii) The Panch and the Gram Panchayat is answerable to the members of Gram Sabha.
(iii) Gram Sabha keeps an eye on the elected representatives of the Gram Panchayat.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj


Q4. Take an example of any one task done by a Panchayat in your area/ nearby rural area and find out the following:
(a) Why it was taken up.
(b) Where the money came from.
(c) Whether or not the work has been completed. 
Ans: 
(a) Panchayat needs to construct building of middle school.
(b) Major part of the money came from the State Government and minor part of money came from the funds of Panchayat.
(c) The work has been completed on time.


Q5. What is the difference between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Ans: 
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj


Q6. Read the following news item.
Nimone is a village on the Chauphula-Shirur Road. Like many others, this village has also been facing a severe water shortage for the last few months and villagers depend on tankers for all their needs. Bhagvan Mahadeo Lad (35) of this village was beaten with sticks, iron rods and axes by a group of seven men. The incident came to light when some villagers brought a badly injured Lad to hospital for treatment. In the FIR recorded by the police Lad said that he was attacked when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. However, he alleged that the upper caste men were against this and told him that the tanker water was not meant for the lower castes. Adapted from Indian Express, May 1, 2004
(a) Why was Bhagvan beaten?
(b) Do you think that the above is a case of discrimination? Why?
Ans: 
(a) Bhagvan was beaten when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water.
(b) Yes, above is a case of discrimination because the distribution of water was not equal for all the people. The distribution of water from tanker was only served to the upper caste people not to the lower caste people. Moreover, it was not even emptied in tank constructed by the Panchayat.


Q7. Find out more about watershed development and how it benefits an area?
Ans: Watershed development is the conservation, recharging and judicious use of the water resources like, underground water, rivers etc. and lands within the watershed area.
Benefits of watershed development in an area:
(i) It makes the land fertile and supports the growth of trees, plants and cultivation.
(ii) Help in the preservation of water and its resources.
(iii) Prevents soil errosion.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
All you need of Class 6 at this link: Class 6
66 videos|344 docs|57 tests

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj

1. What is Panchayati Raj?
Ans. Panchayati Raj is a system of local self-government in rural areas of India. It was introduced to decentralize power and authority to the grassroots level, making governance more democratic and effective. The system includes three tiers - Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level and Zilla Parishad at the district level.
2. What are the objectives of Panchayati Raj?
Ans. The main objectives of Panchayati Raj are to promote democracy at the grassroots level, ensure people's participation in the development process, and provide efficient and effective governance to rural areas. It aims to provide social justice, economic development, and better administration to rural areas.
3. How is the Panchayati Raj system structured?
Ans. The Panchayati Raj system is structured into three tiers - Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level, and Zilla Parishad at the district level. Each tier has its own set of responsibilities and functions. The Gram Panchayat is responsible for the welfare of the village, while the Panchayat Samiti is responsible for the development of the block. The Zilla Parishad oversees the development of the entire district.
4. What are the functions of Gram Panchayat?
Ans. The Gram Panchayat is the basic unit of the Panchayati Raj system. It is responsible for a range of functions such as sanitation, health, education, water supply, street lighting, and maintenance of community assets. It also plays a crucial role in implementing government schemes and programs at the village level.
5. What is the role of women in Panchayati Raj?
Ans. The Panchayati Raj system provides for the reservation of seats for women in local bodies. This has led to increased participation of women in decision-making and governance. Women have played a significant role in bringing about positive changes in rural areas, especially in areas of health, education, and social welfare. The participation of women in Panchayati Raj has also helped in ensuring gender equity and empowerment.
66 videos|344 docs|57 tests
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for Class 6 exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

mock tests for examination

,

MCQs

,

Summary

,

ppt

,

study material

,

Exam

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj

,

Extra Questions

,

Free

,

Objective type Questions

,

practice quizzes

,

Important questions

,

Viva Questions

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 - Panchayati Raj

,

video lectures

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Semester Notes

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Sample Paper

,

pdf

,

past year papers

;