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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - A Shirt in the Market

Q1. What made Swapna sell the cotton to the trader instead of selling at the Kurnool cotton market? 
Ans:  Swapna sold the cotton to the trader instead of selling at the Kurnool cotton market because:
(i) At the beginning of the cropping season, Swapna had borrowed Rs 2,500 from the trader at a very high interest rate to buy seeds, fertilisers, pesticides for cultivation.
(ii) So, she promised to sell all her cotton to him.


Q2. Describe the conditions of employment as well as the wages of workers in the garment exporting factory. Do you think the workers get a fair deal?
Ans: Conditions of employment in the garment exporting factory:
(i) Workers are employed on a temporary basis means they can be asked to leave anytime when not needed.
(ii) They have pressure to produce quality products in limited time.
(iii) They have to do hard work for long hours.
No, the workers don't get a fair deal as they are not even paid the minimal wages for their work. They are being exploited by their employer and their work is also temporary. They also don't have respect for the work the do.


Q3. Think of something common that we use. It could be sugar, tea, milk, pen, paper, pencil, etc. Discuss through what chain of markets this reaches you. Can you think of the people that help in the production or trade?
Ans: Chain of markets to produce Milk is first produced in
(i) Dairy cooperatives first purchase milk at different locations.
(ii) After that, milk is transported to the milk factories by the dairy cooperatives.
(iii) Milk is pasteurised in the factories and are packed.
(iv) Packets are milk are then given to the traders which transport them to cities where wholesaler purchase these.
(v) Retailers purchase from the wholesalers then sell these packets of milk to the consumers in the open market in booths.

Note: You can also use the example given in the question number 4.


Q4. Arrange the statements given alongside in the correct order and then fill in the numbers in the cotton bolls accordingly. The first two have already been done for you. 
1. Swapna sells the cotton to the trader.
2. Customers buy these shirts in a supermarket. 
3. Trader sells cotton to the Ginning Mill. 
4. Garment exporters buy the cloth from merchants for making shirts.
5. Yarn dealers or merchants give the yarn to the weavers. 
6. The exporter sells shirts to the businessperson from the USA. 
7. Spinning mill buys the cotton and sells yarn to the yarn dealers. 
8. Weavers return with the cloth. 
9. Ginning mill cleans the cotton and makes it into bales. 
Ans:

1. Swapna sells the cotton to the trader.

3. Trader sells cotton to the Ginning Mill.

9. Ginning mill cleans the cotton and makes it into bales.

7. Spinning mill buys the cotton and sells yam to the yarn dealers.

5. Yarn dealers or merchants give the yarn to the weavers.

8. Weavers return with the cloth.

4. Garment exporters buy the cloth from merchants for making shirts.

6. The exporter sells shirts to the businessperson from the USA.

2. Customers buy these shirts in a supermarket. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - A Shirt in the Market

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - A Shirt in the Market is a part of the Class 7 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 7.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - A Shirt in the Market

1. How to select the right size shirt in the market?
Ans. It is important to know your measurements before buying a shirt. Measure your chest, waist, and sleeve length to determine the correct size. Refer to the size chart provided by the brand or store to choose the appropriate size.
2. What are the different types of fabrics used in making shirts available in the market?
Ans. Some common fabrics used in making shirts include cotton, linen, polyester, and blends of these materials. Each fabric has its own unique characteristics such as breathability, durability, and comfort.
3. How to take care of a shirt bought from the market to ensure its longevity?
Ans. To prolong the life of your shirt, follow the care instructions provided on the label. Wash the shirt according to the recommended temperature, avoid using harsh chemicals, and air dry or tumble dry on low heat to prevent damage.
4. What are some common styles of shirts available in the market for both men and women?
Ans. Some common styles of shirts for men include dress shirts, casual shirts, polo shirts, and T-shirts. For women, popular styles include blouses, button-down shirts, tunics, and crop tops.
5. How to differentiate between a high-quality shirt and a low-quality shirt in the market?
Ans. High-quality shirts are typically made of superior fabrics, have precise stitching, and attention to detail in design. They may also have durable buttons and a better fit. On the other hand, low-quality shirts may have uneven stitching, cheap materials, and loose threads.
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