Class 9 Exam  >  Class 9 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 9  >  Chapter Notes (Part - 2) - Democratic Rights

Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Notes - Democratic Rights

1. Three cases of denial of rights highlight the importance of rights.

2. The Human Rights were violated

(i) in Guantanamo Bay by the US,

(ii) in Kosovo by Milosevic’s Government, and

(iii) denial of rights in Saudi Arabia.

Rights in a Democracy

  1. Rights are a must to ensure the dignity, security and fair play to all the citizens.
  2. Democracy is a system in which maximum rights are guaranteed to its citizens.

Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Notes - Democratic Rights  

What are Rights?
 Rights are reasonable claims of persons recognised by society and sanctioned by law.

Why do We Need Rights in a Democracy?

  1. Rights sustain a democracy.
  2. They give to every citizen a right to vote and the right to be elected to government.
  3. They allow citizens to express their views freely, form parties and take part in political activities.
  4. Rights are guarantees when things go wrong. They do not allow the majority to dominate the minority.
  5. Some rights are placed higher than the government, so that the government does not violate them

Rights in the Indian Constitution
 The Indian Constitution has given us six Fundamental Rights. They are the basic features of India’s Constitution.

Fundamental Rights are :

(i) Right to Equality

(ii) Right to Freedom

(iii) Right against Exploitation

(iv) Right to Freedom of Religion

(v) Cultural and Educational Rights

(vi) Rightto Constitutional Remedies.

Right to Equality : It grants equality to all its citizens in the eyes of law. No discrimination can be made against any citizen on grounds of birth, caste, religion and gender. Untouchability is made a cognisable offence. Equal opportunity is guaranteed to all the citizens.

Right to Freedom : It grants

 (i) freedom of speech and expression,

 (ii) freedom to assemble in a peaceful manner,

 (iii) freedom to form associations,

 (iv) freedom to move freely in any part of the country,

 (v) freedom to reside in any part of the country and

 (vi) practice any profession, carry out any occupation or trade.

 Right against Exploitation : The constitution prohibits

 (i) “traffic in human beings”,

 (ii) Prohibits forced labour or begar and

 (iii) prohibits child labour.

Right to Freedom of Religion : There is no state religion in India. All religions are given equal respect. Every person has a right to profess, practice and propagate his own religion. Cultural and Educational Rights : Minorities have the right to conserve their language and culture. They have the right to establish their own educational institutions.

Right to Constitutional Remedies : This is the right that makes all rights effective. If a citizen’s fundamental rights are violated or taken away, he/she can seek remedy through courts.

National Human Rights Commission is an independent organisation established in 1993. Its main work is to focus on human rights and help the victims, whose rights are violated.

Expanding Scope of Rights
 The Constitution offers scope to expand the Fundamental Rights. Examples :

 (i) School education has become a right for Indian citizens.
 (ii) Right to property is a legal right.
 (iii) Right to seek information from government offices.
 (iv) Right to vote in elections.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
 This international covenant recognises many rights. Examples

(i) Right to work

(ii) Right to safe and healthy environment

(iii) Right to adequate standard of living

(iv) Right to social security and insurance

(vi) Right to health and medical care, etc.

The South African Constitution Guarantees
 Right to privacy, Adequate housing, Right to access to health care, Sufficient food and water.

The document Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Notes - Democratic Rights is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
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FAQs on Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Notes - Democratic Rights

1. What are democratic rights?
Ans. Democratic rights are the basic rights that every citizen of a democratic country is entitled to. These rights include the freedom of speech and expression, the right to vote, the right to information, the right to equality, and the right to be treated fairly by the government.
2. What is the significance of democratic rights?
Ans. Democratic rights are essential for creating a free and fair society where every individual is treated equally. These rights give people the power to participate in the decision-making process of the country and hold the government accountable for its actions. Without democratic rights, citizens would not have a say in how their country is governed, and the government could act without any regard for the people's needs and desires.
3. How do democratic rights protect citizens?
Ans. Democratic rights protect citizens by providing them with a framework of laws and regulations that ensure their safety, security, and well-being. These rights guarantee that citizens have a voice in the decision-making process of the country and that their opinions and concerns are taken into account by the government. Additionally, democratic rights provide citizens with legal protection against discrimination, abuse of power, and other forms of injustice.
4. What happens when democratic rights are violated?
Ans. When democratic rights are violated, citizens can take legal action against the government or other entities responsible for the violation. This can include filing a lawsuit, participating in protests or demonstrations, or working with advocacy groups to raise awareness about the issue. In extreme cases, citizens may also have the right to engage in civil disobedience or other forms of nonviolent resistance to bring attention to the violation and demand change.
5. How can we ensure that democratic rights are protected?
Ans. To ensure that democratic rights are protected, citizens must remain vigilant and hold their government accountable for its actions. This can include participating in elections, writing to elected officials, and engaging in peaceful protests and demonstrations. Additionally, citizens can work together to create and support advocacy groups that focus on protecting democratic rights and raising awareness about issues that threaten these rights. By staying informed and actively engaged in the democratic process, citizens can help safeguard their own rights and those of their fellow citizens.
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