FAQs on Key Concepts: Water Resources - Social Studies (SST) Class 10
|1. What is water scarcity and how does it affect our daily lives?
Ans. Water scarcity refers to the shortage of freshwater resources to meet the demand of people in a particular region. It affects our daily lives in many ways, such as a lack of clean drinking water, poor sanitation, and hygiene facilities, which increases the risk of waterborne diseases. It also affects agriculture, industries, and other sectors that rely on water for their operations, leading to economic losses and job cuts.
|2. How can we conserve water resources?
Ans. We can conserve water resources by adopting simple measures such as fixing leaky taps, using low-flow showerheads, collecting rainwater, and reusing greywater for gardening and cleaning. We can also promote water-efficient practices in industries and agriculture, such as drip irrigation and recycling wastewater.
|3. What are the causes of water pollution and how can we prevent it?
Ans. Water pollution is caused by various sources such as industrial effluents, agricultural runoff, sewage discharge, oil spills, and plastic waste. We can prevent water pollution by implementing strict regulations and standards for industries, treating wastewater before discharge, promoting organic farming practices, and reducing the use of plastic.
|4. How does climate change affect water resources?
Ans. Climate change affects water resources by altering the hydrological cycle, causing changes in precipitation patterns, melting of glaciers and snowpacks, and increasing the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as floods and droughts. These changes pose challenges to water management and increase the risk of water-related disasters.
|5. What role can individuals and communities play in managing water resources?
Ans. Individuals and communities can play a significant role in managing water resources by adopting water-efficient practices, reducing water waste, conserving water, and protecting water sources. They can also participate in community-based water management initiatives, such as rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge, and watershed management, to improve water availability and quality in their local areas.