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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 - Agriculture

Multiple Choice Questions

Q1. Which one of the following describes an agriculture system where a single crop is grown on a large area?
(a) Shifting Agriculture
(b) Plantation Agriculture
(c) Horticulture
(d) Intensive Agriculture

Ans: (b) Plantation Agriculture

Plantation AgriculturePlantation Agriculture

Q2. Which one of the following is a rabi crop?
(a) Rice
(b) Gram
(c) Millets
(d) Cotton

Ans: (b) Gram

Q3. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop?
(a) Pulses
(b) Jawar
(c) Millets
(d) Sesamum

Ans: (a) Pulses

Leguminous CropsLeguminous Crops

Answer the Following Questions in 30 words

Q1. Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth.
Ans: Tea is an important beverage crop. It is also an example of plantation agriculture.
Geographical conditions: 

  • Tropical and sub-tropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well-drained soil so rich in humus and organic matter.
  • Temperature for growth 20°C to 30°C.
  • Annual rainfall of 150 cm to 300 cm.
  • Warm and moist-free climate all through the year.
  • Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year.

Q2. Name one staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced.
Ans:

  • Rice is a staple crop of India.
  • Regions, where it is produced, are plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and deltaic regions, i.e., West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Tamil Nadu. 
  • In Punjab and Haryana, parts of Rajasthan and western Uttar Pradesh, it is grown with the help of canal irrigation and tube wells.

Q3. Enlist the various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers.
Ans: Institutional reforms: 

  • Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood etc., was introduced.
  • Establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies and banks to provide loans at lower rates of interest.
  • Kissan credit cards, Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS).
  • Special weather bulletins.
  • Announcement of MSP, remunerative and procurement prices for important crops.

Answer the following questions in about 120 words

Q1. Suggest the initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production.
Ans:

  • To ensure an increase in agricultural production, the government prioritised collectivisation, consolidation of holdings, cooperation and abolition of the zamindari system. 
  • 'Land reform' was the main focus of the First Five Year Plans. In the 1960s and 1970s, agricultural reforms were the order of the day. 
  • The Green Revolution and the White Revolution (Operation Flood) were aimed at improving Indian agricultural productivity.

The initiative was taken by Government to increase agriculture production:

  • During the 1980s and 1990s, a comprehensive land development programme was initiated. 
  • Under this, various technical and institutional reforms were introduced by the government for the benefit of farmers.
    Example: Minimum Support Price policy, provision for crop insurance, subsidy on agricultural inputs and resources such as power and fertilisers, Grameen banks, Kissan Credit Card, Personal Accident Insurance Scheme, and special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes like 'Krishi Darshan' on national television.

Q2. Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of rice.
Ans:

  • Rice is a Kharif crop grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and deltaic regions. 
  • It requires high temperatures (above 250C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. 
  • In areas with less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation via canals and tube-wells.
The document NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 - Agriculture is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 - Agriculture

1. What is agriculture?
Ans. Agriculture is the practice of cultivating crops, rearing animals, and other activities related to the production of food, fiber, and other products used to sustain human life.
2. What are the different types of agriculture?
Ans. The different types of agriculture include subsistence agriculture, commercial agriculture, intensive agriculture, extensive agriculture, organic agriculture, and mixed farming.
3. How does modern agriculture impact the environment?
Ans. Modern agriculture practices can have a significant impact on the environment, such as deforestation, water pollution from chemical fertilizers and pesticides, soil erosion, and greenhouse gas emissions from livestock.
4. What are the challenges faced by farmers in agriculture?
Ans. Farmers face various challenges in agriculture, including unpredictable weather patterns, pests and diseases, lack of access to modern technology and resources, market fluctuations, and high input costs.
5. How can sustainable agriculture be promoted?
Ans. Sustainable agriculture can be promoted by adopting organic farming practices, conserving water through efficient irrigation techniques, practicing crop rotation and mixed cropping, using natural pest control methods, and promoting agroforestry and agroecology.
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