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Glossary and Important Information - Food Security in India | Social Studies (SST) Class 9 PDF Download

Glossary and Important Information

1.   Food Security : Food security at the individual, house hold, regional, national and global level exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious foods.  It implies availability, accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times.

2.   Famine : It is characterised by wide spread death due to starvation and epidemics caused by forced use of contaminated water or decaying food and loss of body resistance due to weakening from starvation.

3.   Malnutrition : It is the state of not having enough food or not getting nutritious food.

4.   Buffer stock : It is the stock of food-grains namely rice and wheat procured by the government through FCI.

5.   Food corporation of India : It was set up under the Food Corporation Act 1964. As the country’s nodal organisation for implementing the national food policy. It provides food grains at reasonable prices, maintain buffer stock and intervenes in the market for price stabilization of agricultural goods.

6.   Minimum Support Price : The FCI purchases food grains from the farmers in states where there is surplus production. The farmers are paid a pre announced price for their crops. It is fixed to protect the small farmers.

7.   Issue Price : It is price lower than the market price at which the government distributes food grains among the poorer strata of society.

8.   Bengal Famine : It was the most divesting famine that occurred in India in 1943. Killing 30 Lakh people in the province of Bengal.

9.   Public Distribution System (PDS) : It implies distribution of food among the poorer section of the society by the government through government regulated shops.

10.  Fair Price Shops : These are the outlets from where poor people can produce food items at subsidized prices.

11.  Subsidy : It is a payments that a government makes to a producer to supplement the market price of a commodity. It can keep consumer prices low while maintain a higher income for producer.

12.  Rationing : It is a term given to government controlled distribution of resources and scarce goods or services. It restricts how much people are allowed to buy at a particular time with in a particular period.

The document Glossary and Important Information - Food Security in India | Social Studies (SST) Class 9 is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
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FAQs on Glossary and Important Information - Food Security in India - Social Studies (SST) Class 9

1. What is food security in India?
Ans. Food security in India refers to the availability, accessibility, and affordability of sufficient and nutritious food for all its citizens. It ensures that every person has access to an adequate quantity of food to lead a healthy and active life.
2. What are the causes of food insecurity in India?
Ans. There are several causes of food insecurity in India, including: - Poverty: Lack of purchasing power restricts people from accessing nutritious food. - Unequal distribution of food: Food is not evenly distributed across different regions and sections of society. - Inadequate agricultural practices: Inefficient farming techniques, lack of irrigation facilities, and dependence on rain-fed agriculture contribute to food insecurity. - Climate change: Erratic weather patterns, droughts, floods, and other climate-related factors adversely affect agricultural productivity. - Food wastage: Significant amounts of food are wasted at various stages of production, distribution, and consumption.
3. How does the government of India address food security?
Ans. The government of India takes several measures to address food security, including: - Public Distribution System (PDS): It provides subsidized food grains to the economically vulnerable sections of society through a network of fair price shops. - Minimum Support Price (MSP): The government sets a minimum price for various crops to ensure farmers receive a fair income for their produce. - National Food Security Act (NFSA): Implemented in 2013, the NFSA aims to provide subsidized food grains to around two-thirds of the population. - Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS): ICDS ensures the provision of nutritious food, health check-ups, and supplementary nutrition to children under the age of six and pregnant women. - Mid-Day Meal Scheme: This program provides free meals to school children to improve their nutritional status and encourage school attendance.
4. How does climate change affect food security in India?
Ans. Climate change poses significant challenges to food security in India. Erratic weather patterns, such as droughts and floods, can lead to crop failures and reduced agricultural productivity. Rising temperatures can also impact the growth and yield of various crops. Additionally, climate change affects water availability and can lead to water scarcity, further impacting agricultural practices. These factors collectively contribute to food insecurity and pose a threat to the livelihoods of farmers and the overall food supply chain.
5. What is the role of technology in ensuring food security in India?
Ans. Technology plays a crucial role in ensuring food security in India. Some of its contributions include: - Improved agricultural practices: Technology advancements, such as the use of high-yielding crop varieties, precision farming techniques, and efficient irrigation systems, help enhance agricultural productivity. - Weather forecasting: Accurate weather predictions through technology aid farmers in making informed decisions regarding crop cultivation, irrigation, and pest control. - Storage and preservation: Modern technologies like cold storage facilities, food processing techniques, and packaging innovations help reduce post-harvest losses and ensure food availability during off-seasons. - Digital platforms: Mobile applications and online platforms allow farmers to access market information, connect with buyers, and benefit from e-commerce platforms, improving their income and market reach.
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