|Table of contents
|Factors Affecting India’s Climate
|The Indian Monsoon
We study climate to understand the atmospheric conditions prevailing over a particular area, which helps us anticipate seasonal changes and adapt accordingly. This knowledge allows us to prepare for different weather conditions, such as wearing woolen in cold months or expecting rain during certain periods.
By studying climate, we can better understand and predict weather patterns, ensuring our comfort and safety throughout the year.
Weather: It is the state of atmosphere at any point in time and space, it changes every moment.
Example: Cloudy, dry, windy, wet weather
Climate : It refers to the sum total of weather conditions and variations over a large area for a long period of time. It is the sum total of average weather conditions of 30 years.
Example: Monsoon, equatorial desert, cold climate etc.
Climate and Weather Differences
We can take two important elements, Temperature and Precipitation, and examine how they vary from place to place and season to season.
Different Climatic Zones in India
The climate of a place is influenced by various factors that interact to determine its characteristics. These factors include:
These factors work together to shape the climate of a region, with each playing a unique role in determining the temperature, precipitation patterns, and overall weather conditions experienced in a particular area.
Four main seasons can be identified in India:
Atmospheric Conditions over the Indian Subcontinent in the Month of June
The climate of India is strongly influenced by monsoon winds. The Arabs, who had come to India as traders, benefited from the reversal of the wind system as they came by sailing ships at the mercy of winds; they named this seasonal reversal of the wind system ‘monsoon’.
The direction of Monsoon Winds
The monsoons are experienced in the tropical area roughly between 200N - 200 S.
To understand the mechanism of the monsoons, the following facts are important:
|1. What are the climatic controls?
|2. How do the seasons affect India's climate?
|3. What is the Indian monsoon?
|4. How does altitude affect India's climate?
|5. How do ocean currents influence India's climate?