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Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Class 10 MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test - Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1

Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 for Class 10 2024 is part of Class 10 preparation. The Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 below.
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Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 1

Match the followings item given in Column A with those in Column B:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 1

(i) Agro based industry: The cotton textile industry is known as an agro based industry because it uses raw materials produced by the agricultural sector.

(ii) Private sector industry: Tata Steel was established in India as Asia's first integrated private steel company in 1907. With this, we also developed India's first industrial city at Jamshedpur. Today, we are among the leading global steel companies.

(iii) Joint Sector Industry: Oil India limited is jointly owned by the public and private sector, hence it is a joint sector industry.

(iv) Cooperative sector industry: The Amul Model of dairy development is a three-tiered structure with the dairy cooperative societies at the village level federated under a milk union at the district level and a federation of member unions at the state level.

Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 2

Match the followings item given in Column A with those in Column B:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 2

(i) Information Technology and Electronics Industry: Bangalore has emerged as the electronic capital of India. Others are Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Pune Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow and Coimbatore.

(ii) Cement Industry: India entered into the Cement Era in 1914, when the Indian Cement Company Ltd. started manufacturing Cement in Porbandar in Gujarat.

(iii) Automobile Industry: For three decades, more than half the vehicles – two-wheelers as well as cars sold in the country have come from five factories in the industrial belt of Gurgaon and Manesar in Haryana.

(iv) Fertilizers Industry: Chambal Fertilisers is a large fertiliser manufacturing company based at Kota in Rajasthan in India.

Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 3

Arrange the following in the correct sequence:

How to make a garment?

(i) Weaving or knitting of fabric

(ii) Manufacturing of garment (stitching)

(iii) Spinning of yarn

(iv) Dyeing and finishing of garment

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 3
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two definite sets of braids together at right angles form a fabric or cloth. The process of making yarn from fibre e is called spinning. This brings the fibres together to form a yarn. The two main processes are weaving and knitting.
Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 4

How to manufacture Steel?

(i) Pig iron

(ii) Blast furnace

(iii) Shaping metal

(iv) Steel making

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 4
Steel is made primarily in a two-step process. In the primary steelmaking step, liquid iron is converted into steel by the basic oxygen furnace (BOF) process, or by melting scrap steel or direct reduced iron (DRI) in an electric arc furnace.
Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 5

Shaping of Steel

(i) Forging

(ii) Pressing

(iii) Casting

(iv) Rolling

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 5
Create curves in the steel by using a hammer and form or a mechanical roller machine if you have one. A roller machine clamps the metal between a hard metal form, usually a humped shape, and a heavy duty roller. Rolling the sheet back and forth by hand curves and thins the metal as you guide it into the shape you want.
Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 6

The contribution of manufacturing to the GDP of some East Asian economies is ___________.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 6

Answer: Option (a)

Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 7

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:

These plants are smaller, have electric furnaces, use steel scrap and sponge iron. They have rerollers that use steel ingots as well. They produce mild and alloy steel of given specifications.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 7
Mini steel plants are smaller, have electric furnaces and use steel scrap as well as sponge iron. They have re-rollers that use steel ingots as well. They produce Carbon steel and Alloy Steel of certain specifications. There are around 650 mini steel plants in India.
Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 8

Assertion and Reason Type Questions:

In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : The handspun Khadi provides large scale employment to weavers in their homes as a cottage industry

Reason (R) : Mahatma Gandhi lay emphasis on spinning yarn and weaving khadi.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 8
Mahatma Gandhi believed in the ideology of Swadeshi i.e., to use everything that is made in India. Gandhi and other leaders in order to promote swadeshi goods encouraged the people to spin yarn and weave Khadi. This hit the British textile industries hard and provided work to many Indian artisans and weavers.
Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 9

Assertion and Reason Type Questions:

In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : India is the largest producer of raw jute and jute goods and stands at second place as an exporter after Bangladesh.

Reason (R) : Other problems are the law output of labour and stiff competition with the synthetic fibre industry.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 9
India is the largest producer of raw jute and jute goods and the second largest exporter after Bangladesh. There were about 80 jute mills in India ,most of which are located in West Bengal, mainly along the banks of the Hooghly River, in a narrow belt (98 km long and 3 km wide).
Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 10

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Manufacturing Industries - 1 - Question 10
Agriculture and industry are not exclusive of each other. They move hand in hand. The agro-based industries depend on agriculture for raw materials and sell their products such as fertilisers, insecticides, irrigation pumps, PVC pipes, machines and tools, etc to the farmers.
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