Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Class 10 MCQ

# Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Class 10 MCQ

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## 15 Questions MCQ Test - Test: Input & Output Devices- 2

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Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 1

### The smallest object in size that can be displayed on a monitor is called ______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 1
The smallest object in size that can be displayed on a monitor is called the Dot Pitch.

Dot Pitch refers to the physical distance between each pixel on a display screen. It is measured in millimeters and determines the sharpness and clarity of the image displayed on the monitor. A smaller dot pitch indicates a higher resolution and better image quality.

Other options mentioned in the question:

A. Picture element:
- Also known as a pixel, it is the smallest unit of information in a digital image.
- A pixel is made up of three sub-pixels (red, green, and blue) and represents a specific color or shade.
B. Point:
- A unit of measurement used in typography and printing.
- One point is equal to 1/72 inch and is used to determine the size of fonts and other graphical elements.
D. Aspect ratio:
- The ratio of the width to the height of a display screen.
- It determines the shape and dimensions of the screen and affects how content is displayed.

Therefore, the correct answer is C. Dot Pitch, as it specifically refers to the smallest object in size that can be displayed on a monitor.

Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 2

### On a color monitor, the refresh buffer is also called ______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 2
Refresh Buffer on a Color Monitor
The refresh buffer on a color monitor is also known as the pixmap. The pixmap is a memory area that holds the pixel data for the current frame being displayed on the screen. When the refresh buffer is updated, the changes are reflected on the screen, creating a smooth and continuous display.
Key Points:
- The refresh buffer, or pixmap, contains the pixel data for the current frame on the color monitor.
- It is a memory area that holds the information needed to display the image on the screen.
- The refresh buffer is constantly updated to create a smooth and flicker-free display.
- By refreshing the buffer at a high rate, typically 60 times per second, the image appears to be continuously displayed to the viewer.
- The pixmap is typically stored in a specific format, such as RGB (Red Green Blue), to accurately represent the colors on the screen.
- The refresh buffer is an essential component of a color monitor, allowing for the dynamic and vibrant display of images and videos.
In conclusion, the refresh buffer on a color monitor is also called the pixmap, which is responsible for holding the pixel data for the current frame being displayed on the screen. It plays a crucial role in creating a smooth and continuous display for the viewer.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 3

### The distance from one pixel to the next pixel is called ...........

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 3
The distance from one pixel to the next pixel is called resolution.
Explanation:
The resolution of an image refers to the number of pixels (individual points of color) contained in that image. It determines the level of detail and clarity in the image. The higher the resolution, the more pixels there are per unit of area, resulting in a sharper and more detailed image.
Key Points:
- Resolution is a measure of pixel density.
- It determines the level of detail and clarity in an image.
- The distance from one pixel to the next pixel is determined by the resolution.
- Higher resolution results in a sharper and more detailed image.
- Resolution is commonly measured in pixels per inch (ppi) or dots per inch (dpi).
- The higher the resolution, the smaller the distance between pixels.
Therefore, the correct answer is A: Resolution.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 4

A dot matrix printer
(i) prints an entire line at time
(ii) is a non-impact printer
(iii) allows multiple copies to be taken at a time
(iv) prints one character at a time

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 4

A dot matrix printer is a type of printer that uses a matrix of small pins to create characters or images on paper. Let's analyze each statement to determine the correct answer:
i) Prints an entire line at a time: This statement is incorrect. A dot matrix printer prints one character at a time by striking an ink-soaked ribbon against the paper. It does not print an entire line at a time.
ii) Is a non-impact printer: This statement is incorrect. A dot matrix printer is an impact printer because it uses physical force to create the characters. The pins strike the ribbon, which transfers ink to the paper, resulting in the printed output.
iii) Allows multiple copies to be taken at a time: This statement is correct. Dot matrix printers have the ability to create multiple copies simultaneously. This is achieved by using carbon paper or carbonless paper, which allows the impact of the pins to transfer the image to multiple layers of paper.
iv) Prints one character at a time: This statement is correct. Dot matrix printers operate by individually striking pins against an ink-soaked ribbon to create characters. Each pin represents one dot, and the combination of dots forms the characters or images on the paper.
Based on the analysis above, the correct answer is C: iii and iv. A dot matrix printer allows multiple copies to be taken at a time and prints one character at a time.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 5

A laser printer
(i) prints an entire line at a time
(ii) is a non-impact printer
(iii) allows multiple copies to be taken at a time
(iv) prints one character at a time

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 5

Introduction:
In this question, we are asked to identify the characteristics of a laser printer. We need to choose the correct options from the given choices.
Characteristics of a laser printer:
A laser printer is a type of printer that uses laser technology to produce high-quality prints. Let's analyze each statement given in the question and determine its accuracy:
1. Prints an entire line at a time:
- This statement is true. Laser printers use a process called "electrophotography" or "xerography" to print an entire line at a time. This process involves the use of a laser beam to create an electrostatic image of the entire line on a photosensitive drum.
- Correct
2. Non-impact printer:
- This statement is true. Laser printers are non-impact printers, which means they do not require direct contact between the print head and the paper to create an image. Instead, they use a laser beam to transfer toner onto the paper.
- Correct
3. Allows multiple copies to be taken at a time:
- This statement is false. Laser printers generally do not allow multiple copies to be taken at a time. However, some advanced laser printers may have features like duplex printing or collating, which can produce multiple copies in a single print job.
- Incorrect
4. Prints one character at a time:
- This statement is false. Laser printers do not print one character at a time. As mentioned earlier, they print an entire line at a time using a laser beam and electrostatic imaging.
- Incorrect
Conclusion:
Based on the analysis, we can conclude that the correct characteristics of a laser printer are:
- Prints an entire line at a time
- Non-impact printer
Therefore, the correct answer is (A) i and ii.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 6

An audio output unit

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 6
An audio output unit
An audio output unit refers to a device that produces sound or audio output. Here are some key points to understand about audio output units:
1. Can speak out small range of digits and specified words:
- Audio output units are capable of producing sound in the form of spoken words and digits.
- They can be programmed to speak out specific words or digits, such as phone numbers, addresses, or other predetermined information.
2. Is not used in information system:
- This statement is incorrect. Audio output units are commonly used in information systems to provide auditory feedback or instructions to users.
- For example, automated phone systems often use audio output units to provide instructions or read out options to callers.
3. Is very expensive and is thus not used:
- This statement is also incorrect. Audio output units come in a wide range of prices, depending on their complexity and capabilities.
- While some high-end audio output units may be expensive, there are also many affordable options available in the market.
4. Is normally used to give only background music:
- This statement is incorrect. While audio output units can be used to play background music, their functionality extends far beyond that.
- They are commonly used in various applications such as multimedia systems, gaming consoles, public announcement systems, and more.
In conclusion, an audio output unit is a versatile device used for producing sound or audio output. It can speak out a small range of digits and specified words, is commonly used in information systems, comes in a wide range of prices, and can be used for various purposes beyond playing background music.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 7

Outputs needed by top-managers are

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 7
Outputs needed by top-managers:
- Summary reports with good grouping: Top managers require concise and organized reports that provide a summary of important information. These reports should be well-structured and present data in a way that is easy to understand and analyze.

- Exception reports: Top managers need to be informed about any deviations or exceptions from normal operations or expected outcomes. Exception reports highlight any issues or anomalies that require attention or action.

- Detailed reports: While summary reports are useful for providing an overview, top managers also require detailed reports that provide in-depth information. These reports should include specific data, analysis, and insights to support decision-making and strategic planning.

- Expected reports: Top managers often have specific information needs and expectations. They require reports that fulfill these expectations and provide the necessary insights to monitor performance, identify trends, and make informed decisions.

In summary, top managers require a combination of summary reports, exception reports, detailed reports, and expected reports to effectively manage their responsibilities and make informed decisions. These outputs should be tailored to their specific needs and provide the necessary information in a clear and concise manner.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 8

Outputs needed by operational managers are

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 8
Outputs needed by operational managers:

• Summary reports with good grouping: Operational managers require summary reports that provide a concise overview of key information, presented in a well-organized manner. These reports should include necessary data and present it in a way that allows managers to easily understand trends, patterns, and performance.

• Exception reports: Operational managers need exception reports that highlight any deviations from expected norms or predefined thresholds. These reports help managers identify and address any issues or anomalies, allowing them to take appropriate actions to rectify the situation.

• Detailed reports: Operational managers often require detailed reports that provide comprehensive information about specific aspects of their operations. These reports should include in-depth data, analysis, and insights, enabling managers to make informed decisions and identify areas for improvement.

• Expected reports: Operational managers rely on reports that provide them with the expected information they need to effectively manage their operations. These reports should align with the manager's specific requirements, providing them with the necessary data and insights to monitor performance, track progress, and make informed decisions.

In summary, operational managers need a combination of summary reports, exception reports, detailed reports, and expected reports to effectively manage their operations. These reports provide them with the necessary information, insights, and analysis to monitor performance, identify issues, make informed decisions, and drive continuous improvement.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 9

Report footing is

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 9
Explanation:
The report footing is the label printed at the end of a report. It serves as a way to identify the end of the report and can include information such as the page number, date, and other details.
Key Points:
- The report footing is different from the report heading, which is the label printed at the beginning of a report.
- The report footing is located at the end of the report, usually at the bottom of the last page.
- It provides important information such as the page number, date, and any other relevant details.
- The report footing helps to organize and structure the report, making it easier for readers to navigate and refer to specific sections.
- It is important to ensure that the report footing is clear, concise, and accurately reflects the content of the report.
- The report footing can be customized according to the specific requirements of the report or the organization's guidelines.
- Including a report footing is a common practice in professional reports to provide a professional and polished look to the document.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 10

Control footing is

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 10
Explanation:
The control footing refers to the labels printed at the end of each control group in a report. It is not the same as the report heading or the labels printed at the end of each page.
Here is a breakdown of the options:
- This statement is incorrect as control footing is not the same as the report heading.
B: The labels printed at the end of each page
- This statement is incorrect as control footing is not the labels printed at the end of each page.
C: The labels printed at the end of each control group
- This statement is correct. Control footing refers to the labels printed at the end of each control group in a report.
D: The labels printed at the end of a report
- This statement is incorrect as control footing is not the labels printed at the end of a report.
Therefore, the correct answer is C: The labels printed at the end of each control group.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 11

Good report allows one to
(i) read it from left to right and top to bottom
(ii) read it from any point
(iii) find out easily the beginning and end of the report
(iv) printed it in one page

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 11
Explanation:
The given statement mentions the characteristics of a good report that allow for easy reading and understanding. Let's break down the options and analyze them:
A: i and ii
- This option suggests that a good report allows for reading from left to right and top to bottom, as well as reading from any point.
- However, it does not mention anything about finding the beginning and end of the report or printing it on one page.
B: i and iii
- This option states that a good report allows for reading from left to right and top to bottom, as well as easily finding the beginning and end of the report.
- It does not mention anything about reading from any point or printing it on one page.
C: ii and iii
- This option suggests that a good report allows for reading from any point and easily finding the beginning and end of the report.
- It does not mention anything about reading from left to right or printing it on one page.
D: iii and iv
- This option states that a good report allows for easily finding the beginning and end of the report, as well as printing it on one page.
- It does not mention anything about reading from left to right or reading from any point.
Conclusion:
- Based on the given characteristics of a good report, option B (i and iii) is the correct answer.
- A good report should allow for reading from left to right and top to bottom, and also provide easy identification of the beginning and end of the report.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 12

Screens normally have

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 12

To determine the correct answer, we need to understand the commonly used screen dimensions.
Screen Dimensions:
- Columns: Refers to the number of characters that can be displayed horizontally on a screen.
- Lines: Refers to the number of lines that can be displayed vertically on a screen.
Now let's analyze each given option:
Option A: 70 columns and 24 lines
- This option does not align with the commonly used screen dimensions.
Option B: 80 columns and 20 lines
- This option does not align with the commonly used screen dimensions.
Option C: 80 columns and 24 lines
- This option aligns with the commonly used screen dimensions.
Option D: 72 columns and 22 lines
- This option does not align with the commonly used screen dimensions.
Therefore, the correct answer is option C, which states that screens normally have 80 columns and 24 lines.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 13

Buttons which can be clicked using a mouse are placed on the screen as

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 13
Reasons for placing clickable buttons on the screen:
- Convenience: Buttons that can be clicked using a mouse are placed on the screen because they offer convenience to users. With the use of a mouse, users can easily navigate and interact with the interface by simply clicking on the buttons.
- Efficient User Interaction: Clickable buttons provide a more efficient way for users to interact with the system or application. They eliminate the need for complex keyboard commands and make it easier for users to perform actions with a simple click.
- Visual Feedback: Clickable buttons on the screen provide visual feedback to users. When a button is clicked, it typically changes its appearance to indicate that it has been activated. This visual feedback helps users understand the state of the system and confirms that their actions have been registered.
- Flexibility in Design: Placing clickable buttons on the screen allows for a wide range of design possibilities. Buttons can be customized in terms of size, color, shape, and placement to create visually appealing interfaces that match the overall design aesthetic of the system or application.
- Accessibility: Clickable buttons are accessible to a wide range of users, including those with limited mobility or dexterity. They provide an alternative input method to keyboard commands, making it easier for users with different abilities to interact with the interface.
- Consistency: Using clickable buttons on the screen promotes consistency in user interfaces. Users are familiar with the concept of clicking buttons, as it is a widely used interaction pattern across various devices and platforms. This familiarity helps users quickly understand how to interact with the interface and reduces the learning curve.
In conclusion, clickable buttons on the screen are placed for various reasons, including convenience, efficient user interaction, visual feedback, flexibility in design, accessibility, and consistency. These buttons provide an intuitive and user-friendly way for users to navigate and interact with the system or application.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 14

On a monochromatic monitor, the frame buffer is known as ______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 14
The frame buffer on a monochromatic monitor is known as a Bitmap.
Explanation:
The frame buffer is a portion of the computer's memory that is dedicated to storing the pixel values for the display screen. On a monochromatic monitor, the frame buffer is known as a Bitmap. Here's why:
1. Monochromatic monitor:
- A monochromatic monitor only displays black and white colors. It does not support color variations.
2. Frame buffer:
- The frame buffer is a specific area in the computer's memory that holds the pixel values for each pixel on the screen.
- It acts as a buffer between the CPU and the display device, storing the pixel data before it is sent to the monitor.
3. Bitmap:
- In the context of a monochromatic monitor, the frame buffer is commonly referred to as a Bitmap.
- A Bitmap is a type of image representation that uses a grid of binary values to represent each pixel.
- In a monochromatic Bitmap, each pixel is represented by a single bit, where 0 represents black and 1 represents white.
Therefore, the correct answer is C: Bitmap.
Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 15

______ refers to pixel spacing.

Detailed Solution for Test: Input & Output Devices- 2 - Question 15
The answer to the question is B: Resolution.

Resolution refers to the pixel spacing or the level of detail that can be displayed or captured by a digital device. It is an important factor in determining the clarity and sharpness of images.

Here are some key points to understand about resolution:

• Resolution is measured in pixels per inch (PPI) or dots per inch (DPI). It indicates the number of pixels or dots that can be displayed in one inch of a digital image.

• Higher resolution means more pixels or dots per inch, resulting in greater detail and sharper images.

• Lower resolution means fewer pixels or dots per inch, resulting in less detail and more pixelation.

• Resolution is a crucial factor in various digital devices, such as computer monitors, cameras, printers, and smartphones.

• For example, a higher resolution in a camera allows for capturing more details in an image, while a higher resolution in a monitor provides a clearer and more detailed display.

• Resolution is often expressed as the width and height of an image in pixels, such as 1920x1080 for Full HD or 3840x2160 for 4K Ultra HD.

Therefore, in the context of pixel spacing, the correct answer is B: Resolution.

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