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English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test - English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1

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English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 1

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

At this stage of civilisation, when many nations are brought in to close and vital contact for good and evil, it is essential, as never before, that their gross ignorance of one another should be diminished, that they should begin to understand a little of one another's historical experience and resulting mentality. It is the fault of the English to expect the people of other countries to react as they do to political and international situations. Our genuine goodwill and good intentions are often brought to nothing, because we expect other people to be like us. This would be corrected if we knew the history, not necessarily in detail but in broad outlines, of the social and political conditions which have given to each nation its present character.

Q. According to the author, 'Mentality' of a nation is mainly product of its

Detailed Solution for English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 1

According to the author, 'Mentality' of a nation is mainly a product of its:

History
- The passage suggests that a nation's mentality is shaped by its historical experiences.
- Understanding the history of other nations can help in better communication and interaction between them.
- Knowledge of the social and political conditions in a nation's history can provide insights into its present character.

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 2

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

At this stage of civilisation, when many nations are brought in to close and vital contact for good and evil, it is essential, as never before, that their gross ignorance of one another should be diminished, that they should begin to understand a little of one another's historical experience and resulting mentality. It is the fault of the English to expect the people of other countries to react as they do to political and international situations. Our genuine goodwill and good intentions are often brought to nothing, because we expect other people to be like us. This would be corrected if we knew the history, not necessarily in detail but in broad outlines, of the social and political conditions which have given to each nation its present character.

Q. The character of a nation is the result of its

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 3

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

Male lions are rather reticent about expanding their energy in hunting; more than three quarters of kills are made by lionesses, who stay in front, tensely scanning ahead, the cubs lag playfully behind and the males bring up the rear, walking slowly, their massive heads nodding with each step as if they were bored with the whole matter. But slothfulness may have survival value. With lionesses busy hunting, the males function as guard for the cubs, protecting them particularly from hyenas.

Q. According to the passage, male lions generally do not go for hunting because

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 4

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

Male lions are rather reticent about expanding their energy in hunting; more than three quarters of kills are made by lionesses, who stay in front, tensely scanning ahead, the cubs lag playfully behind and the males bring up the rear, walking slowly, their massive heads nodding with each step as if they were bored with the whole matter. But slothfulness may have survival value. With lionesses busy hunting, the males function as guard for the cubs, protecting them particularly from hyenas.

Q. Lioness go for hunting

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 5

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

What needs to be set right is our approach to work. It is a common sight in our country of employees reporting for duty on time and at the same time doing little work. If an assessment is made of time they spent in gossiping, drinking tea, eating "pan" and smoking cigarettes, it will be shocking to know that the time devoted to actual work is negligible. The problem is the standard, which the leadership in administration sets for the staff. Forget the ministers because they mix politics and administration. What do top bureaucrats do? What do the below down officials do? The administration set up remains week mainly because the employees do not have the right example to follow and they are more concerned about being in the good books of the bosses than doing work.

Q. The employees in our country

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 6

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

What needs to be set right is our approach to work. It is a common sight in our country of employees reporting for duty on time and at the same time doing little work. If an assessment is made of time they spent in gossiping, drinking tea, eating "pan" and smoking cigarettes, it will be shocking to know that the time devoted to actual work is negligible. The problem is the standard, which the leadership in administration sets for the staff. Forget the ministers because they mix politics and administration. What do top bureaucrats do? What do the below down officials do? The administration set up remains week mainly because the employees do not have the right example to follow and they are more concerned about being in the good books of the bosses than doing work.

Q. The word 'assessment' means

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 7

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

Speech is a great blessing but it can also be a great curse, for while it helps us to make our intentions and desires known to our fellows, it can also if we use it carelessly, make our attitude completely misunderstood. A slip of the tongue, the use of unusual word, or of an ambiguous word, and so on, may create an enemy where we had hoped to win a friend. Again, different classes of people use different vocabularies, and the ordinary speech of an educated may strike an uneducated listener as pompous. Unwittingly, we may use a word which bears a different meaning to our listener from what it does to men of our own class. Thus, speech is not a gift to use lightly without thought, but one which demands careful handling. Only a fool will express himself alike to all kinds and conditions to men.

Q. The best way to win a friend is to avoid

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 8

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

Speech is a great blessing but it can also be a great curse, for while it helps us to make our intentions and desires known to our fellows, it can also if we use it carelessly, make our attitude completely misunderstood. A slip of the tongue, the use of unusual word, or of an ambiguous word, and so on, may create an enemy where we had hoped to win a friend. Again, different classes of people use different vocabularies, and the ordinary speech of an educated may strike an uneducated listener as pompous. Unwittingly, we may use a word which bears a different meaning to our listener from what it does to men of our own class. Thus, speech is not a gift to use lightly without thought, but one which demands careful handling. Only a fool will express himself alike to all kinds and conditions to men.

Q. If one used the same style of language with everyone, one would sound

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 9

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

Mahatma Gandhi believed that industrialisation was no answer to the problems that plague the mass of India's poor and that villagers should be taught to be self-sufficient in food, weave their own cloth from cotton and eschew the glittering prizes that the 20th century so temptingly offers. Such an idyllic and rural paradise did not appear to those who inherited the reins of political power.

Q. The meaning of 'glittering prizes that the 20th century so temptingly offers’ is

English Olympiad Test: Reading Comprehension- 1 - Question 10

Read the passage and choose the correct option to answer the question that follow:

Mahatma Gandhi believed that industrialisation was no answer to the problems that plague the mass of India's poor and that villagers should be taught to be self-sufficient in food, weave their own cloth from cotton and eschew the glittering prizes that the 20th century so temptingly offers. Such an idyllic and rural paradise did not appear to those who inherited the reins of political power.

Q. Which one of the following best illustrates the relationship between the phrases:
(i) 'eschew the glittering prizes' and
(ii) 'idyllic and rural paradise'?

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