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UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - UPSC MCQ


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120 Questions MCQ Test - UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 for UPSC 2024 is part of UPSC preparation. The UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 below.
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UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 1

The power to make laws and to give effect to certain specified fundamental rights is vested on:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 1
Article 35 lays down that the power to make laws, to give effect to certain specified fundamental rights shall vest only in the Parliament and not in the state legislatures. This provision ensures that there is uniformity throughout India about the nature of those fundamental rights and punishment for their infringement.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 2

The most important source of revenue to the states is

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 2

Sales tax is the tax on sale of goods and is influenced by the value added tax system.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 3

Match the following:
Principles of Welfare Work 
a. Principle of Coordination or Integration 
b. Principle of Association and not a piece-meal programme.
c. Principle of Accountability principle.
d. Principle of Timeliness motto of this principle.
Theme
i. When welfare is given for a felt need at the opportune moment.
ii. When welfare is treated as a total concept and not a piece-meal programme.
iii. Work with individual is motto of this principle.
iv. Welfare is to be satisfactorily utilized is the motto of this principle.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 3

Principle of Coordination or Integration (a)

  • This principle aligns with the theme "When welfare is treated as a total concept and not a piece-meal programme". Therefore, a matches with ii. This principle emphasizes the need for a holistic approach in welfare work, considering all aspects of an individual's well-being rather than addressing issues in isolation.

Principle of Association (b)

  • This principle corresponds with the theme "Work with the individual is the motto of this principle". Therefore, b matches with iii. This principle highlights the importance of working directly with the individuals who are the recipients of welfare work. It stresses the need for involvement and active participation of the individuals in their own welfare process.

Principle of Accountability (c)

  • This principle matches with the theme "Welfare is to be satisfactorily utilized is the motto of this principle". Therefore, c matches with iv. This principle stresses the importance of accountability in welfare work. It means that those who are responsible for providing welfare should ensure that it is utilized effectively and satisfactorily by the recipients.

Principle of Timeliness (d)

  • This principle coincides with the theme "When welfare is given for a felt need at the opportune moment". Therefore, d matches with i. This principle emphasizes the importance of providing welfare assistance at the right time, when it is most needed. It means that welfare work should be responsive and timely to meet the immediate needs of the individuals.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 4

? / 529 = 324 / ? 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 4

x² = 529 * 324 ⇒ x = 23 * 18 = 414

So Option B is correct

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 5

The sum of present age of 2 persons is 100yrs.Before 5 years the ratio of their ages is 5:13.Find the age of younger person

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 5

D)30
Explanation : From option 30+70 = 100
25:65 = 5:13

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 6

Consider the following 4 statements. Which among them are true?

1) Prime Minister of India must only be a member of Lok Sabha

2) Prime Minister of India can be a member of both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

3) British Prime Minister must only be a member of the Lower House

4) British Prime Minister can be a member of the Lower House as well as Upper House

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 6

3 Prime Ministers of India have been members of the Rajya Sabha: Indira 

Gandhi (1966), Deve Gowda (1996), Manmohan Singh (2004). But in the UK, the Prime Minister must necessarily be a member of the Lower House (also called as House of Commons) alone.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 7

In the following questions four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase italicised and underlined in the sentence. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of idiom/phrase. 

 

Q. Do not trust a man who blows his own trumpet.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 7

blows his own trumpet: to talk about oneself or one's achievements especially in a way that shows that one is proud or too proud.

Hence, the correct answer is option d i.e. praises himself.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 8

Net Profit or Loss will be derived at ________ stage of accounting.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 8

Summarising stage is concerned with the preparation and presentation of the classified data in a manner useful to the internal as well as external users of financial statements. This process leads to the preparation of the following financial statements. Therefore, Net Profit or Loss is derived at the summarising stage.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 9

 To end in smoke  

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 9

To end in smoke: to be destroyed or ruined.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 10

Consider the following statements.

  1. Under old pension scheme (OPS), the contribution of the current generation of workers was explicitly used to pay the pensions of existing pensioners.
  2. National Pension Scheme(NPS) is a contributory pension scheme under which employees contribute 14 per cent of their salary.
  3. NPS is mandatory for central government employees joining services on or after January 1, 2004.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 10
  • Statement 2 is incorrect.
  • An old pension scheme (OPS), commonly known as the PAYG scheme, is defined as an unfunded pension scheme where current revenues fund pension benefits. Under this scheme, the contribution of the current generation of workers was explicitly used to pay the pensions of existing pensioners. OPS involved a direct transfer of resources from the current generation of taxpayers to fund the pensioners.
  • NPS is a defined contribution pension scheme. NPS enables an individual to undertake retirement planning while in employment. With systematic savings and investments,
  • NPS facilitates the accumulation of a pension corpus during their working life. NPS is designed to deliver a sustainable solution of having adequate retirement income in old age or upon superannuation.
  • The current National Pension Scheme requires employees to contribute 10% of their basic salary and the government 14%. The eventual payout depends on the market returns on that corpus, which is mostly invested in federal debt.
  • In contrast, the Old Pension Scheme (OPS) guarantees a fixed pension of 50% of an employee’s last drawn salary, without requiring them to contribute anything during their working life.
  • NPS is mandatory for central government employees joining services on or after January 1, 2004, and almost all state governments have adopted it for their employees. NPS is regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA).
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 11

Consider the following statements about Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFC): 
1. They are allowed to accept and renew public deposits. 
2. The repayment of deposits by NBFCs is guaranteed by RBI. 
3. They need to maintain Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) norm as prescribed by the RBI. 
Which of the statements given above is/are CORRECT?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 11

NBFC cannot accept demand deposits. NBFCs do not form part of the payment and settlement system and cannot issue cheques drawn on itself;

RBI does not guarantee deposit repayment from NBFC’s. That is guaranteed for public sector banks by the RBI.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 12

This time

P :exactly what he had been told

Q :the young man did

R :beyond his dreams

S :and the plan succeeded 

The Proper sequence should be:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 12
Explanation:

  • Q: The young man did exactly what he had been told.

  • P: Beyond his dreams.

  • S: And the plan succeeded.

  • R: The proper sequence should be QPSR.


Therefore, the correct sequence is QPSR.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 13

The new knowledge produced by original research is an instance of social capital formation. Hence, the university's unique institutional mission is to manufacture knowledge as a/an _______

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 13

Public good, 'social capital' controls the word. The most appropriuate option approximating to 'social capital' is public good.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 14

To put one's hand to plough 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 14

Option B is the correct answer because 'to put one's hand to the plough' means to begin or undertake a difficult task.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 15

Which of the following rules are followed while naming tropical cyclones?

  1. The name should be neutral to politics and religious believes.
  2. The name should not hurt the sentiments of any group of population over the globe.
  3. The name should be short and easy to pronounce.
  4. The maximum length of the name will be six letters.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 15

Statement 4 is incorrect.

Worldwide, there are six regional specialised meteorological centres (RSMCs) and five regional Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs) mandated for issuing advisories and naming of tropical cyclones.

IMD is one of the six RSMCs to provide tropical cyclone and storm surge advisories to 13 member countries under the WMO/Economic and Social Commission for Asia-Pacific (ESCAP) Panel including Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

RSMC, New Delhi is also mandated to name the Tropical Cyclones developing over the north Indian Ocean (NIO), including the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and the Arabian Sea (AS).

So, the tropical cyclones forming over different Ocean basins are named by the concerned RSMCs & TCWCs.

Some rules are to be followed while naming cyclones, such as:

  • The proposed name should be neutral to (a) politics and political figures (b) religious believes, (c) cultures and (d) gender
  • Name should be chosen in such a way that it does not hurt the sentiments of any group of population over the globe
  • It should not be very rude and cruel in nature
  • It should be short, easy to pronounce and should not be offensive to any member
  • The maximum length of the name will be eight letters
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 16

Which among the following are the factors that gave success to the British in India?

1. Superior Arms 

2. Military Discipline 

3. Civil Discipline 

4. Brilliant Leadership (which did not bother about adopting unscrupulous practices) 

5. Financial Strength 

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 16
Factors Which Gave Success to British in India: Superior Arms Military Discipline Civil Discipline Brilliant Leadership (which did not bother about adopting unscrupulous practices) Financial Strength Nationalist Pride

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 17

Consider the following statements.

  1. Preventing soil erosion is one of the components of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana.
  2. Soils help to regulate the earth’s climate by storing carbon.
  3. Burning of crop residues can lead to soil nutrient loss.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 17
  • Soils help to regulate the planet’s climate by storing carbon and are the second largest carbon sink after the oceans. They help maintain a landscape that is more resilient to the impacts of droughts and floods. As soil is the basis of food systems, it is no surprise that soil health is critical for healthy food production.
  • The reasons behind soil nutrient loss range from soil erosion, runoff, leaching and the burning of crop residues.
  • Other pertinent initiatives include the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana, to prevent soil erosion, regeneration of natural vegetation, rainwater harvesting and recharging of the groundwater table.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 18

Let children learn to judge their own work. A child ...(1)... to talk does not learn ...(2)... being corrected all the time ...(3)... corrected too much, he will ...(4)... talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the ...(5)... he uses and the language those around him use.

 

What will come in Option Three?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 18

Explanation:



  • Understanding the context: The passage talks about how children learn and develop language skills. It emphasizes the importance of allowing children to make mistakes and learn from them.


  • Identifying the correct option: The sentence in the passage states that if a child is corrected too much, he will stop talking. This implies a condition or a consequence, which makes "if" the correct option.


  • Explanation of other options:

    • Unless: This word implies a condition where something will only happen if a particular circumstance is not met. It does not fit the context of the sentence.

    • Being: This word is not appropriate in the context of the sentence. It does not convey the same meaning as "if" in this case.

    • Until: This word indicates a time or event that will happen before another specified time/event. It does not make sense in the context of the sentence.



UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 19

Match the following:
Type of the Union
a. Craft Union
b. General Union
c. Industrial Union
d. Federation
Characteristics
i. Union of Unions
ii. Wage earners in a particular enterprise
iii. Any wage earner
iv. Workers engaged in similar nature of work

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 19

Let's match the types of unions with their respective characteristics:

  • Craft Union: This type of union comprises workers engaged in a similar nature of work. This is because craft unions are typically made up of skilled workers in a specific trade or occupation, such as carpenters or electricians. So, Craft Union (a) matches with Workers engaged in similar nature of work (iv).
  • General Union: A general union is a trade union which represents workers from various trades and industries. They are open to all wage earners. Therefore, General Union (b) matches with Any wage earner (iii).
  • Industrial Union : An industrial union is a type of trade union that represents all types of workers in a particular industry, regardless of their specific skills or jobs. Therefore, Industrial Union (c) matches with Wage earners in a particular enterprise (ii).
  • Federation: A federation is a union of unions. It is a group of unions that have united to represent their members' interests on a national or international level. Therefore, Federation (d) matches with Union of Unions (i).

So, the correct matching is A: a-iv, b-iii, c-ii, d-i.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 20

GDP (at market prices) is equal to :

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 20
 
  • GVA (Gross Value Added) at basic prices = CE + OS/MI + CFC + production taxes less production subsidies. 

  • GVA at factor cost = GVA at basic prices -production taxes fewer production subsidies. 

  • GDP = GVA at basic prices + product taxes - product subsidies.

  •  Production taxes or production subsidies are paid or received with relation to production and are independent of the volume of actual production. 

  • Some examples of production taxes are land revenues, stamps and registration fees and profession tax.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 21

If A + B means A is the brother of B; A – B means A is the sister of B and A x B means A is the father of B. Which of the following means that C is the son of M?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 21

M x N → M is the father of N
N - C → N is the sister of C
and C + F → C is the brother of F.
Hence, M is the father of C or C is the son of M.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 22

A, B and C invests rupees 2000, 8000 and 10000 respectively in a business. At the end of the year the balance sheet shows a loss of 40% of the initial investment. Find the share of loss of B.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 22

Total loss after one year = 20000*40/100 = 8000
share of B = (4/10)*8000 = 3200

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 23

The current account in relation to Balance of Payment include which of the following:
1. Trade in goods 
2. Invisible trade 
3. FDI 
4. Loans by World Bank and IMF
5. Gifts 
6. Remittances 
7. Trade in services
8. FII 
9. Transfer payments
Select the correct code:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 23

Capital Account includes FDI, borrowing, quota to imf, external bonds issued gifts and donations come under current account.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 24

Consider the following statements and identify the right ones.
i. Data on Mo are published on monthly basis
ii. Data on M1 and M3 are available on weekly basis

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 24

Data on Mo are published by the RBI on weekly basis and Data on M1 and M3 are available on fortnightly basis.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 25

The first major issue that the Indian Association took up for agitation was

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 25

The first major issue that the Indian Association took up for agitation was the reform of the Civil Service regulations and the raising of the age limit for its examination. Surendranath Banerjea toured different parts of the country during 1877-78 in an effort to create an all-India public opinion on this question.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 26

“A place for everything and everything in its place” is the principle that governs

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 26

This principle is a fundamental part of housekeeping as it advocates for order and organization. It's a guideline that encourages individuals to maintain an organized environment by ensuring that every item has a designated place and is kept there when not in use.
Benefits of this Principle in Housekeeping:

  • Efficiency: When everything is in its designated space, it's easier to locate items when needed. This saves time and reduces frustration.
  • Cleanliness: The principle promotes cleanliness as it avoids clutter. Clutter can attract dust and pests, hence an organized house is generally cleaner.
  • Safety: Having everything in its place minimizes the risk of accidents caused by misplaced items.
  • Improved living conditions: An organized home is more comfortable and peaceful, thus improving the quality of life.

Applying the Principle in Housekeeping:

  • Designate a place: Each item should have its designated place. This could be a drawer, a shelf, a rack, etc.
  • Return items: After use, items should be returned to their designated places.
  • Regular cleaning: Regular cleaning should be done to maintain the organization. This involves dusting, sweeping, and wiping down surfaces.
  • De-clutter: Unnecessary items should be regularly removed from the space to avoid clutter.

In summary, the principle "A place for everything and everything in its place" is integral to housekeeping as it fosters order, cleanliness, and efficiency. It's the key to maintaining a clean, organized, and comfortable living space.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 27

 Before a Minister enters upon his office, the president administers to him the oaths of office and secrecy. In his oath of office, the minister swears:

1. To bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India,

2. To uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India,

3. To faithfully and conscientiously discharge the duties of his office, and

4. To preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 27
Before a Minister enters upon his office, the president administers to him the oaths of office and secrecy. In his oath of office, the minister swears: 1. to bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India, 2. to uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, 3. to faithfully and conscientiously discharge the duties of his office, and 4. to do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill will.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 28

 Consider the following statements. 

1. The Oath of office to the vice president is administered by the president 

2. The Oath of office to the vice president can be administered by chief justice appointed in that behalf by president 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 28
Both of them are correct. Before entering upon his office, the Vice-President has to make and subscribe to an oath or affirmation. In his oath, the Vice President swears 1. to bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India, and 2. to faithfully discharge the duties of his office. The oath of office to the Vice-President is administered by the President or some person appointed on that behalf by him.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 29

“The factory and industrial workplaces provide ample opportunities for owners and managers of capital to exploit workers in an unfair manner. This cannot be allowed to continue” is the philosophy of which theory of Labour Welfare?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 29

Policing Theory of Labour Welfare
The Policing Theory of Labour Welfare is rooted in the belief that businesses and industries, particularly factories, provide numerous opportunities for owners and managers to exploit their workers. This theory argues that it is the government's responsibility to prevent this exploitation and ensure the welfare of the workers.
Key Points of the Policing Theory:

  • Regulation of Exploitation: The main aim of this theory is to regulate the capitalist environment of factories and industries. It seeks to prevent the exploitation of labour by owners and managers, ensuring that workers are treated fairly and their rights are respected.
  • Role of the Government: The policing theory heavily emphasizes the role of the government as a watchdog and regulator. It encourages the government to step in and implement labour laws and regulations that protect the welfare of workers.
  • Creating a Balance: The theory promotes a balance between the interests of capital and labour. It argues that both parties should be treated fairly and that one should not be allowed to exploit the other.
  • Enforcement of Labour Welfare Measures: The Policing Theory advocates for the enforcement of labour welfare measures. These measures are put in place to ensure that workers are not only protected from exploitation but also have access to necessary facilities and benefits.
  • Protection of Workers' Rights: This theory protects the rights of the workers. It promotes fair wages, safe working conditions, reasonable working hours, and the right to form unions.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 30

Consider the table below and identify the incorrectly matched:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 30

According to the Preamble, the citizens enjoy equality of status and opportunity and are secured social, economic and political justice. The term socialist has no clear meaning and remains undefined.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 31

Which of the following cannot be said to be an effect of industrial disputes?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 31

Industrial disputes can have a significant impact on the productivity, morale, and overall functioning of a company. The following points explain why 'High Productivity, Peace, and Profit' cannot be considered as an effect of industrial disputes:

  • Negative Impact on Productivity: Typically, industrial disputes result in decreased productivity. This is because disputes can lead to strikes or lockouts, which halt production activities. Even if a full stoppage does not occur, disagreements and tensions can disrupt the normal flow of work and reduce efficiency.
  • Disturbance of Peace: Industrial disputes often lead to a disturbed atmosphere in the workplace. They can result in conflicts and disagreements among employees, between employees and management, or even among different management levels. This is the opposite of a peaceful working environment.
  • Decrease in Profit: Due to reduced productivity and a disturbed work environment, profits are likely to decline during industrial disputes. The cost of resolving the dispute, whether through negotiations, legal fees, or settlements, can also negatively impact the company's financial health.

On the other hand, 'High Labour Turnover', 'Higher rate of Absenteeism', and 'Higher rate of Man-days lost' can indeed be effects of industrial disputes. They all indicate a challenging working environment which could be the result of ongoing industrial disputes.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 32

The Central Bureau of Investigation comes under the administrative control of the: 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 32

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India. It operates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 33

According to Business Entity concept

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 33

The business entity concept states that the transactions associated with a business must be separately recorded from those of its owners or other businesses. Doing so requires the use of separate accounting records for the organization that completely exclude the assets and liabilities of any other entity or the owner.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 34

Which of the following is a limitation of accounting?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 34

Window dressing is the way in the accounting work to cover-up the fraud done by showing in correct manner. So,this one is the limitation of accounting.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 35

Five years ago today, I am sitting in a small Japanese car, driving across Poland towards Berlin.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 35

Let’s examine the sentence: “Five years ago on this date, I am sitting in a small Japanese car, driving across Poland towards Berlin.” The sentence mentions an event that happened five years ago. Hence, it would use the verbs of past tense. So, the verbs “am sitting” would become “was sitting” to correct the sentence. Hence, Option A is the correct answer.
 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 36

Consider the following statements regarding the Google Maps Toilet Locator App:

1) It enables people to locate the nearest public toilet.

2) Ministry of Women and Child Development has partnered with Google to enable this service.

Choose the correct statements:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 36

Answer: a

Explanation:

Google Maps Toilet Locator App has been developed as a combined endeavour of the Ministry of Urban Development and Google. They have partnered together to enable this service.

It is a unique mobile app recently launched by the government to enable people to locate the nearest public toilet for use in five cities in the National Capital Region and Bhopal and Indore in Madhya Pradesh. This app also gives information about the nature of the toilet seat available, free or payment for use, working hours etc.

It would help in addressing open urination and open defecation problems in urban India. Right now, this facility is available in Delhi, Gurugram, Faridabad, Ghaziabad and Noida and the two cities of Madhya Pradesh but soon will be extended to other cities in due course.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 37

Why did the Swadeshi movement fizzle out? Pick out possible reasons from the choices given below:

1. There was severe government repression.

2. It rejected the techniques that later came to be associated with successful Gandhian politics such as noncooperation and passive resistance.

3. Peasantry did not take part in large numbers, and the movement was largely restricted to the upper social and economic classes.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 37
By 1908, the open phase (as different from the underground revolutionary phase) was almost over. This was due to many reasons

1. There was severe government repression.

2. The movement failed to create an effective organisation or a party structure. It threw up an entire gamut of techniques that came to be associated with Gandhian politics— noncooperation, passive resistance, filling of British jails, social reform and constructive work—but failed to give these techniques a disciplined focus.

3. The movement was rendered leaderless with most of the leaders either arrested or deported by 1908 and with Aurobindo- Ghosh and Bipin. Chandra Pal retired from active politics.

4. Internal squabbles among leaders, magnified by the Surat split (1907), did much harm to the movement.

5. The movement aroused the people but did not know how to tap the newly released energy or find new forms to express popular resentment.

6. The movement largely remained confined to the upper and middle classes and zamindars, and failed to reach the masses—especially the peasantry.

7. Non-cooperation and passive resistance remained mere ideas.

8. It is difficult to sustain a mass-based movement at a high pitch for too long

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 38

Which of the following is\are matched correctly? 

1. Ahoms' Revolt - Assam 

2. Singphos' Rebellion - Manipur 

3. Kukis' Revolt - Manipur 

Choose from the following options:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 38

The correct answer is option C, 1 and 3 only.

The Ahoms' Revolt and the Kukis' Revolt are matched correctly with their respective regions, while the Singphos' Rebellion is not. The Singphos' Rebellion took place in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, not in Manipur.

The Ahoms' Revolt was a rebellion against British colonial rule that took place in Assam in 1828. The Ahoms were the dominant ethnic group of the region and had their own kingdom before being annexed by the British. The revolt was led by Gomdhar Konwar and was a response to British attempts to impose taxes and regulations on the Ahom people.

The Kukis' Revolt, also known as the Kuki Rebellion, took place in the state of Manipur from 1917 to 1919. The Kukis were a tribal group that inhabited the hills and forests of the region. The rebellion was sparked by British attempts to disarm the Kukis and impose new taxes on them. The Kukis launched a guerrilla campaign against the British and their allies, and the conflict resulted in significant casualties on both sides.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 39

Presence of Water or hydroxyl has been detected by scientists of NASA on the surface of asteroid Psyche in our solar system. Which of the following statements regarding asteroids in our solar system are correct?

 1) Psyche is the largest metallic asteroid.

2) Vesta asteroid has been promoted to dwarf planet status.

3) Ceres is the largest asteroid.

Codes:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 39

Answer: a

 Explanation:

 The largest asteroid in the Solar System is Vesta. Ceres is much more massive and hence it has been promoted to dwarf planet status.Psyche, the largest metallic asteroid in our solar system is about 300 kilometres across earth and made of almost pure nickel-iron metal. Psyche is located in the asteroid belt and it is thought to be the remnant core of a budding planet that was mostly destroyed by impacts years ago.

New observations from the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility show evidence of water or hydroxyl on its surface. Water-rich minerals detected on Psyche may have been delivered by carbonaceous asteroids.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 40

Consider the following statements.

1. The National Commission for SCs and STs came into being consequent upon passing of the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990'

2. The Commission was established under Article 338 of the Constitution with the objective of monitoring all the safeguards provided for the SCs and STs under the Constitution or other laws

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 40

The correct answer is: C. Both 1 and 2

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (NCSC) was established under Article 338 of the Constitution of India with the objective of monitoring all the safeguards provided for the SCs and STs under the Constitution or other laws. The NCSC was set up in 1992, following the passing of the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990.

The NCSC is a statutory body that is responsible for protecting the rights of SCs and STs. The Commission has the power to investigate complaints of discrimination against SCs and STs, and to make recommendations to the government on measures to improve their social and economic conditions.

The NCSC is headed by a Chairperson, who is appointed by the President of India. The Chairperson is assisted by a Vice-Chairperson and a number of other members. The NCSC has its headquarters in New Delhi, and has regional offices in different parts of the country.

The NCSC plays an important role in safeguarding the rights of SCs and STs. The Commission has been successful in raising awareness about the problems faced by these communities, and in bringing about positive changes in their lives.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 41

Which of the following statements about workers’ participation in Management in India is not true?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 41
  • 20 Point Economic Programme: Workers' participation in management is indeed a part of the 20-point Economic programme in India. This programme was initiated in 1975, aiming to eradicate poverty and improve the standard of living for the underprivileged.
  • Directive Principles of State Policy: The Directive Principles of State Policy, enshrined in Part IV of the Indian Constitution, do not explicitly mention workers' participation in management. However, they do promote the welfare of workers in general and encourage the state to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people (Article 38).
  • Constitutional Provision under the 42nd Amendment Act: The 42nd amendment to the Indian Constitution in 1976 made several changes. While it did not directly establish workers' participation in management, it added a new Directive Principle (Article 43A) which asks states to secure participation of workers in the management of industries.
  • Justiciable Right of the Workers: This statement is not true. A justiciable right is one that can be enforced through the courts. Although the Indian Constitution encourages the idea of workers' participation in management, it does not make it a justiciable right. It is part of the Directive Principles of State Policy, which are guidelines for the state but do not create enforceable rights for individuals. In other words, if a worker is not given a say in the management of their workplace, they cannot take the issue to court on that ground alone.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 42

Reusable optical storage will typically have the acronym:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 42

CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable) is a digital optical disc storage format. A CD-RW disc is a compact disc that can be written, read arbitrarily many times, erased, and written again.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 43

Since the beginning of history

P: have managed to catch
Q: the Eskimos and Red Indians
R: by a very difficult method
S: a few specimens of this aquatic animal

The Proper sequence should be:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 43

The correct order will be:
Since the beginning of history → the Eskimos and Red Indians (Q)→ have managed to catch (P)→ a few specimens of this aquatic animal (S)→ by a very difficult method. (R)

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 44

If 40% increase in an amount in 4 years at SI. What will be the CI of Rs.10,000 after 2 yrs at the same rate ?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 44

P = 100, SI = 40, T = 4
R = 100*40 / 100*4 = 10%pa
CI = 10,000(110/100)2 = 10000*11*11/100 = 12100
12100 – 10000 = 2100

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 45

A bus used to connect the monitor to CPU processor is _________.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 45

Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a universal parallel i/o interface that allows you to connect a variety of peripheral devices to a single I/O bus.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 46

 To effectively address the emerging urbanization challenges, the Ministry of Urban Development has come out with a multi-pronged policy framework to promote living close to mass urban transit corridors. Consider the following statements regarding this:

I. It is a new initiatives seeks to promote ‘Transit Oriented Development (TOD)’ which enables people to live within walking or cycling distance from transit corridors like the Metros, Monorail and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) corridors, currently being taken up on a large scale. 

II. Under the new Metro Policy, TOD has been mandatory while under Green Urban Mobility Scheme, TOD has been made an essential reform and is given priority for receiving central assistance.

III. TOD is being taken up Ahmedabad, Delhi (Karkardooma), Naya Raipur, Nagpur and Navi Mumbai and the Ministry would like this to be expanded to other cities as well.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 46

To effectively address the emerging urbanization challenges, the Ministry of Urban Development has come out with a multi-pronged policy framework to promote living close to mass urban transit corridors. This new initiatives seeks to promote ‘Transit Oriented Development (TOD)’ which enables people to live within walking or cycling distance from transit corridors like the Metros, Monorail and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) corridors, currently being taken up on a large scale.

The Ministry has formulated a ‘National Transit Oriented Development Policy’ which will be discussed with the States and Union Territories at a National Workshop on Urban Development to be held Tuesday next week. This policy seeks to enhance the depth of understanding of States and UTs on TOD as a viable solution to many of the challenges like haphazard urban growth and sprawl, mobility, rapidly rising private vehicles on roads, pollution, housing choices etc.. This new urban design and planning in the form of TOD, is being incentivised by the Ministry under two more initiatives viz., Metro Policy and Green Urban Mobility Scheme which also will be discussed with States and UTS for taking them on board.

 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 47

Biofortification is done to

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 47

Biofortification is the method to enhance the nutritional value of seeds by changing the gene of the crop that produces more protein, vitamins or other nutrient.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 48

Consider the following statements:
Assertion (A): LPG is a pollution free vehicular fuel.
Reason (R): Plying of CNG fuelled-buses is recommended for metropolitan cities in India.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 48

Two recent studies have examined LPG-fueloil fuel mixes and found that smoke emissions and fuel consumption are reduced but hydrocarbon emissions are increased.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 49

Which of the following is not an intramural welfare facility?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 49

Intramural Welfare Facilities

  • Intramural welfare facilities refer to the amenities or provisions made available within the organization's premises for the welfare and benefit of employees. These facilities are aimed at boosting employee morale, productivity, and overall well-being. They can include:

Canteen:

  • A place where employees can eat meals. It's an essential facility for employees, especially in large organizations where employees spend a significant part of their day.

Workmen Safety Measures:

  • These include safety equipment, training, and protocols designed to prevent accidents and ensure the safety of workers. They can include things like helmets, safety nets, first aid kits, fire extinguishers, and emergency evacuation plans.

Drinking Water Facility:

  • Providing clean and safe drinking water for employees is a basic necessity and a critical welfare measure. It can include water dispensers or water coolers placed strategically throughout the workplace.

Non-Intramural Welfare Facilities

  • Non-intramural welfare facilities refer to the welfare measures provided outside the organization's premises. They are usually not directly related to the work environment but are aimed at improving the overall quality of life for employees. They include:

Housing Facility:

  • This refers to providing housing or accommodation for employees. It's a significant benefit, especially for those who have relocated for work or who live in areas with high living costs. However, it falls under the category of non-intramural welfare facilities as it's provided outside the organization's premises. Hence, the option C: Housing facility is not an intramural welfare facility.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 50

Which of the following statements with regard to labour welfare is not correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 50

Welfare is a social concept

  • This statement is correct as labour welfare refers to the treatment, amenities, and services provided to labourers to improve their working conditions and enhance their social life. It is a social concept because it is related to society's efforts to make life worth living for its workmen.

Welfare is a relative concept

  • This statement is correct. Welfare, especially labour welfare, is a relative concept as it varies from country to country, region to region, industry to industry and in some cases even from factory to factory. What may be considered as welfare measures in one country or region may not be viewed so in another country or region.

Welfare is a positive concept

  • This statement is correct. Welfare is a positive concept as it involves the provision of facilities to improve the physical and mental health of workers, thus directly contributing to a positive atmosphere and increasing productivity in the workplace.

Welfare is an absolute concept

  • This statement is incorrect. Welfare, particularly labour welfare, is not an absolute concept. It does not have a universal or absolute standard or form. Its nature and extent depend on factors such as the social norms, economic development, industrial growth, and the aspirations of the people, which vary from place to place and time to time. It's a dynamic concept and changes according to the changes in the socio-economic environment. Therefore, welfare is not fixed or absolute, but relative and flexible.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 51

Consider the following statements.

1. Article 164 clearly states that the council of ministers is collectively responsible to the legislative assembly of the state

2. This means that all the ministers own joint responsibility to the legislative assembly for all their acts of omission and commission

Which of these statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 51

The fundamental principle underlying the working of the parliamentary system of government is the principle of collective responsibility. Article 164 clearly states that the council of ministers is collectively responsible to the legislative assembly of the state. This means that all the ministers own joint responsibility to the legislative assembly for all their acts of omission and commission.

 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 52

When it was feared that the serfs might go too far and gain their freedom from serfdom, the protestant leaders joined the princes at crushing them.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 52

Correct Formation: When it was feared that the serfs might go too far and gain their freedom from serfdom, the protestant leaders joined the princes in crushing them.
► This is because when people have interest, opinion, feeling or belief then we use "in".

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 53

The British Trades Union Congress was established in the year:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 53

Establishment of the British Trades Union Congress (TUC)

  • The British Trades Union Congress (TUC) was established in the year 1868. This historical event marks a significant step in the history of labour rights in the United Kingdom.

Background

  • Prior to the establishment of the TUC, workers in Britain had little to no representation or rights. Many worked in poor conditions with long hours and low pay.
  • Trade unions began to form in the early 19th century, but they were small, localized and often focused on specific trades or industries. These early unions lacked the power to effectively negotiate with employers or influence government policy.

Formation of the TUC

  • In 1868, a group of representatives from various trade unions across the country met in Manchester. They founded the TUC to provide a national forum for unions to coordinate their efforts and advocate for workers' rights.
  • The TUC quickly became a significant force in British politics, pushing for legislation to improve working conditions, limit working hours, and secure the right to strike.

Role of the TUC

  • The TUC has played a major role in advocating for workers' rights and social justice in the UK. It has helped to secure many of the rights that workers take for granted today, such as the right to a safe workplace, fair wages, and the right to join a trade union.
  • Today, the TUC represents millions of workers from dozens of affiliated unions, making it one of the largest and most influential labour organizations in the UK.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 54

Which of the following economies were also known as centrally planned economies?

1. Poland 

2. China 

3. USSR

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 54
That is why such economies are also known as the Centrally Planned Economies of the USSR, Poland, Hungary, Austria, Romania. etc., and finally China.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 55

The abacus was believed to have been first used around 5000 B.C. in which country?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 55

An early form of abacus finds its origin in China.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 56

Consider the following statements regarding Biological Diversity Heritage Sites (BHSs).

  1. Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS) are areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems having rich biodiversity comprising species richness, high endemism, presence of rare, endemic and threatened species.
  2. A site is declared as Biological Diversity Heritage Site as per the provisions of Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
  3. The Central Government in consultation with State Governments declare Biodiversity Heritage Sites.
  4. BHS declaration marks the voluntary participation of communities in protection and conservation of biodiversity.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 56

Statement 3 is incorrect.

Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS) are areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems having rich biodiversity comprising of any one or more of the components such as; species richness, high endemism, presence of rare, endemic and threatened species, keystone species, species of evolutionary significance, wild ancestors of domestic/cultivated species or land races or their varieties, past pre-eminence of biological components represented by fossil beds and having cultural or aesthetic values.

BHS declaration marks the voluntary participation of communities in protection and conservation of biodiversity which helps in expanding the reach of conservation.

Section 37 of the Biological Diversity Act:

  • As per this section, the State Governments are empowered to notify in the official gazette, in consultation with ‘local bodies’, areas of biodiversity importance as Biodiversity Heritage Sites.
  • Under sub section (2) of Section 37 of the BD Act, the State Government in consultation with the Central Government may frame rules for the management and conservation of BHS.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 57

The Fujiwhara Effect is a geographical phenomenon that is associated with 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 57

The Fujiwhara Effect is any interaction between tropical storms formed around the same time in the same ocean region with their centres or eyes at a distance of less than 1,400 km, with intensity that could vary between a depression (wind speed under 63 km per hour) and a super typhoon (wind speed over 209 km per hour).

The interaction could lead to changes in the track and intensity of either or both storms systems. In rare cases, the two systems could merge, especially when they are of similar size and intensity, to form a bigger storm.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 58

Consider the following statements about the Planning Commission.

1. The Planning commission was a technical body.

2. The commission had executive powers.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 58
The PC was a technical body with experts and professionals coming from an array of specific areas as per the need of planning of the concerned period. The Commission had executive powers.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 59

When did Calcutta become the seat of a Presidency under the name of Fort William?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 59
  • In 1700 Calcutta became a separate presidency (administrative unit) accountable to London; until 1774 its governors, and thereafter until 1834 its governors-general, were given the added title “of Fort William in Bengal.”
  • In 1756 the fort was taken by Siraj al-Dawlah, nawab of Bengal.

Hence. the correct option is 'B'

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 60

Study the following arrangement and answer questions given:

B 6 U & R 1 P 5 # F D @ I 2 Q 8 © K M % W 3 E A 4 * H 9 T

Q. How many such consonants are there each of which is immediately preceded by a number?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 60

B 6 U & R 1 P 5 # F D @ I 2 Q 8 © K M % W 3 E A 4 * H 9 T

P, Q and T

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 61

Consider the following statements about Gram Sabha

1. It is a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls of a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at the village level

2. It is a village assembly consisting of all the registered voters in the area of a panchayat

3. It may exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Gram Panchayat of the village determines

Which of these statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 61

The correct answer is A: 1 and 2 Only.
Explanation

Gram Sabha:
- Gram Sabha is a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls of a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at the village level.
- It is a village assembly consisting of all the registered voters in the area of a panchayat.
- The main functions of Gram Sabha include social audit, planning and implementation of government schemes, and promoting transparency and accountability in the functioning of Panchayats at the village level.
Incorrect statement:
- Statement 3 is incorrect because the powers and functions of Gram Sabha are not determined by the Gram Panchayat of the village. Instead, they are defined by the respective state government's Panchayati Raj Act.

 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 62

Directions to Solve

Six friends are sitting in a circle and are facing the centre of the circle. Deepa is between Prakash and Pankaj. Priti is between Mukesh and Lalit. Prakash and Mukesh are opposite to each other.

Question - Who is sitting right to Prakash?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 62

Hence, Lalit is sitting right to Prakash.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 63

The Second National Commission on Labour recommended that a registered union should be given recognition as a single negotiating agent in an establishment through check-off system, if it is having a minimum of:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 63

The Second National Commission on Labour (SNCL) made its recommendations based on a comprehensive review of labour laws in India. One of these recommendations was that a union should be given recognition as a single negotiating agent in an establishment if it has a minimum of 66 percent of workers as members.

  • Reason for 66 percent: The rationale behind setting the threshold at 66 percent is to ensure that the union truly represents the majority of the workers in an establishment. By having two-thirds of the workers as members, the union can effectively negotiate on behalf of the workers, and the management can be confident that the union's demands and concerns are representative of the majority of the workforce.
  • Check-off System: The check-off system is a method of union recognition where employees have their union dues deducted directly from their paychecks. This system ensures that the union has a stable source of income and also provides evidence of the number of workers who are members of the union. The SNCL recommended that the check-off system be used to determine whether a union has reached the 66 percent threshold.
  • Importance of Single Negotiating Agent: Having a single negotiating agent is crucial in labour-management relations as it simplifies the process of negotiation and collective bargaining. Instead of dealing with multiple unions, the management can negotiate with one representative body that speaks for the majority of the workers.
  • Impact: The recommendation, if implemented, would enhance the strength and bargaining power of unions in India. It would also contribute to more democratic and representative labour-management relations.

This recommendation is part of a broader effort by the SNCL to reform and modernize India's labour laws, to ensure they are in line with the changing realities of the workplace and the economy.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 64

Consider the following statements: 

  1. The anti-defection law is intended to strengthen the fabric of Indian Parliamentary democracy.
  2. The anti-defection law was enacted during the Prime Ministership of P.V. Narasimha Rao.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 64

It is intended to strengthen the fabric of Indian parliamentary democracy by curbing unprincipled and unethical political defections. Rajiv Gandhi, the then Prime Minister, described it as the ‘first step towards cleaning-up public life’.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 65

What does the term 'judicial review' mean?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 65

It is the authority vested in the hands of Supreme Court to examine whether some legislative enactments or executive orders of both Central and State governments is following the Constitution of India or not.

Hence, the correct option is 'B'.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 66

International Day of happiness is celebrated on: 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 66
The World Happiness Report was released by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the United Nations on March 20, the date that the United Nations has declared to be the International Day of Happiness.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 67

______computers are lower to mainframe computers in terms of speed and storage capacity.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 67

Mini computers are compared to mainframe computers in terms of:
1. speed and 2. storage capacity.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 68

Barun is taller than Sanjay. Bipul is taller than Barun. Krishna is also not as tall as Bipul but is taller than Barun. Who is the tallest ?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 68

The information given in the question may be arranged as follows
Barun is taller than Sanjay.
Barun > Sanjay
Krishna is also not as tall as Bipul but is taller than Barun.
Bipul > Krishna > Barun
So according to above explanation the final arrangement is
Bipul > Krishna > Barun > Sanjay
So, Bipul is the tallest.

So Option C is correct

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 69

Consider the following statements regarding Launch Vehicle Mark 3 (LVM3).

  1. LVM3 is India’s heaviest rocket.
  2. It is a three-stage launch vehicle with cryogenic upper stage.
  3. It does not have a fixed orbit and can go anywhere—GEO (Geosynchronous Earth Orbit), MEO (Medium Earth Orbit), LEO (Low Earth Orbit), missions to the moon and sun.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 69
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) had renamed the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark -III as Launch Vehicle Mark-III, mainly to identify its task of placing satellites into a variety of orbits.
  • The LVM3 will go everywhere —GEO (Geosynchronous Earth Orbit), MEO (Medium Earth Orbit), LEO (Low Earth Orbit), missions to the moon, sun.
  • LVM3 is India’s heaviest rocket. The launch vehicle can carry up to 8 tonnes of payload to the lower earth orbits (LEO), which is about 200 km from the Earth’s surface. But when it comes to the geostationary transfer orbits (GTO), which lie much further ahead, up to about 35,000 km from the Earth, it can carry much less, only about four tonnes.
  • LVM3 is essentially a three-stage launch vehicle, including two solid boosters (S200), the core liquid fuel-based stage (L110), and the cryogenic upper stage (C25).
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 70

 Cloves, used as a spice, are derived from which of the following plant parts? 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 70

Cloves are the rich, brown, dried, unopened flower buds of Syzygium aromaticum, an evergreen tree in the myrtle family. The name comes from the French "clou" meaning nail. Cloves come from Madagascar, Indonesia and Sri Lanka. Cloves are used in spice cookies and cakes.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 71

‘First come last go and last come first go’ is the principle of

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 71

The principle of 'First come last go and last come first go' is associated with the process of retrenchment in a business or organization. Retrenchment is a corporate-level strategy that seeks to reduce the size or diversity of an organization's operations. This principle is also known as the 'Last In, First Out' (LIFO) method.
Understanding Retrenchment

  • Retrenchment is a cost-cutting measure implemented by companies to reduce their operation size. This is often done when the company faces financial distress or aims to improve operational efficiency.
  • It often involves layoffs or the elimination of certain job positions, departments, or roles within the organization.
  • The decision of who to retrench is often a difficult one. The principle of 'First come last go and last come first go' comes into play to guide this decision.

'First Come Last Go and Last Come First Go' Principle

  • This principle suggests that the employees who have served the company the longest should be the last ones to be retrenched.
  • Conversely, those who have joined the company most recently should be the first ones to be let go. This is because the more recent employees presumably have less experience and knowledge about the company and its operations compared to the longer-serving ones.
  • However, this principle is not an absolute rule and may vary from one organization to another. Other factors such as performance, skill set, and role in the company may also be considered during the retrenchment process.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 8 - Question 72