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Types of Molecular orbital - Chemical Bonding Video Lecture | Inorganic Chemistry

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FAQs on Types of Molecular orbital - Chemical Bonding Video Lecture - Inorganic Chemistry

1. What are molecular orbitals in chemical bonding?
Ans. Molecular orbitals are regions in a molecule where electrons are most likely to be found. They are formed by the combination of atomic orbitals from different atoms in a molecule. These molecular orbitals can be bonding or antibonding, depending on whether they stabilize or destabilize the molecule.
2. How are molecular orbitals formed?
Ans. Molecular orbitals are formed by the combination of atomic orbitals from different atoms. When atomic orbitals overlap, they can interact and form molecular orbitals. The combination of atomic orbitals leads to the formation of bonding molecular orbitals, which lower the energy of the molecule, and antibonding molecular orbitals, which raise the energy of the molecule.
3. What is the difference between bonding and antibonding molecular orbitals?
Ans. Bonding molecular orbitals are formed when atomic orbitals combine in-phase, leading to a lower energy level and increased electron density between the nuclei of the bonded atoms. In contrast, antibonding molecular orbitals are formed when atomic orbitals combine out-of-phase, resulting in a higher energy level and reduced electron density between the nuclei of the bonded atoms.
4. How do molecular orbitals contribute to chemical bonding?
Ans. Molecular orbitals contribute to chemical bonding by allowing electrons to be shared between atoms in a molecule. In a bonding molecular orbital, the electron density is concentrated between the nuclei, creating a stable bond. The formation of molecular orbitals facilitates the sharing of electrons, which leads to the formation of covalent bonds.
5. What are the different types of molecular orbitals in chemical bonding?
Ans. The different types of molecular orbitals in chemical bonding include sigma (σ) orbitals, pi (π) orbitals, and delta (δ) orbitals. Sigma orbitals are formed by head-on overlap of atomic orbitals and are found along the internuclear axis. Pi orbitals are formed by sideways overlap of atomic orbitals and are found above and below the internuclear axis. Delta orbitals are formed by the overlap of d orbitals and are found in more complex molecules.
48 videos|92 docs|41 tests

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