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Consumer Price Index - Index Numbers, Business Mathematics and Statistics Video Lecture | Business Mathematics and Statistics - B Com

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FAQs on Consumer Price Index - Index Numbers, Business Mathematics and Statistics Video Lecture - Business Mathematics and Statistics - B Com

1. What is the Consumer Price Index (CPI)?
Ans. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure used to track changes in the average price level of goods and services purchased by households over time. It is commonly used as an indicator of inflation and is calculated by comparing the current prices of a basket of goods and services to their prices during a base period.
2. How are index numbers calculated in the Consumer Price Index?
Ans. Index numbers in the Consumer Price Index are calculated using a weighted average formula. Each item in the basket of goods and services is assigned a weight based on its importance in the average household's spending. The price of each item is then multiplied by its corresponding weight, and the sum of these weighted prices is divided by the sum of the weights to calculate the index number.
3. Why is the Consumer Price Index important in business mathematics and statistics?
Ans. The Consumer Price Index is important in business mathematics and statistics because it provides valuable information about changes in the cost of living and the purchasing power of consumers. This data is crucial for businesses to make informed decisions on pricing strategies, cost management, and forecasting future trends. It also helps economists and policymakers in determining monetary and fiscal policies.
4. How is the Consumer Price Index used to measure inflation?
Ans. The Consumer Price Index is used to measure inflation by comparing the index numbers of different time periods. When the index number increases over time, it indicates that the average price level of goods and services has increased, which suggests inflation. Conversely, a decrease in the index number implies deflation. By tracking these changes, economists and policymakers can monitor and assess the impact of inflation on the economy.
5. What are the limitations of the Consumer Price Index?
Ans. The Consumer Price Index has certain limitations. Firstly, it may not accurately reflect the purchasing habits of all households since it uses an average basket of goods and services. Secondly, changes in quality or quantity of goods and services are not fully accounted for in the index, which may lead to inaccuracies. Additionally, the CPI does not consider the impact of changes in taxes, subsidies, or discounts, which can affect the actual price levels experienced by consumers. It is important to consider these limitations when interpreting CPI data.
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