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US Hegemony in World Politics Video Lecture | Political Science Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

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FAQs on US Hegemony in World Politics Video Lecture - Political Science Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. What is US hegemony in world politics?
Ans. US hegemony in world politics refers to the dominance and influence of the United States over global political, economic, and military affairs. It signifies the ability of the US to shape and control international institutions, policies, and norms according to its own interests.
2. How did the US establish its hegemony in world politics?
Ans. The US established its hegemony in world politics through various means. Firstly, it emerged as a superpower after World War II, with a strong economy and military capabilities. It also played a central role in the creation of international institutions like the United Nations and the World Bank, which further solidified its influence. Additionally, the US used its military power and alliances to assert its dominance globally.
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of US hegemony in world politics?
Ans. Advantages of US hegemony include stability, as the US acts as a global policeman, preventing conflicts and promoting peace. The US also plays a crucial role in providing global public goods like security and economic stability. However, disadvantages include a lack of accountability and the potential for abuse of power by the US. It can also lead to resistance and resentment from other nations.
4. Is US hegemony in world politics declining?
Ans. There are differing opinions on whether US hegemony is declining. Some argue that the rise of other global powers, such as China, indicates a shift in the balance of power. Additionally, the US faces challenges in maintaining its dominance due to economic issues and domestic divisions. However, others argue that the US still maintains significant influence and capabilities, making it a resilient hegemon.
5. How does US hegemony impact global governance?
Ans. US hegemony has a significant impact on global governance. The US often shapes international norms, rules, and institutions to align with its own interests. It has the power to veto decisions in the United Nations Security Council and influences global economic policies through organizations like the World Trade Organization. However, this can also lead to criticism and resistance from other countries, particularly those who feel marginalized or disadvantaged by US dominance.
33 videos|259 docs|52 tests

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