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Types of Farming Video Lecture | Geography Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

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FAQs on Types of Farming Video Lecture - Geography Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. What are the different types of farming?
Ans. There are several types of farming, including: 1. Arable farming: This type of farming focuses on growing crops such as grains, fruits, and vegetables. 2. Livestock farming: In this type of farming, animals are raised for products like meat, milk, and eggs. 3. Mixed farming: This is a combination of arable and livestock farming, where both crops and animals are reared on the same farm. 4. Organic farming: This farming method emphasizes the use of natural fertilizers and pesticides, avoiding synthetic chemicals. 5. Aquaculture: Aquaculture involves the farming of fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants in controlled environments such as ponds or tanks.
2. What are the benefits of arable farming?
Ans. Arable farming offers several benefits, including: 1. Food production: Arable farming is crucial for producing crops that form the basis of our food supply, such as grains, vegetables, and fruits. 2. Economic value: Crop production contributes significantly to the economy, providing income for farmers and supporting related industries. 3. Environmental sustainability: Arable farming practices can be designed to minimize soil erosion, conserve water, and reduce the use of chemical inputs. 4. Crop rotation: Arable farming often involves crop rotation, which helps maintain soil fertility and reduce disease and pest problems. 5. Research and innovation: Arable farming encourages research and innovation in areas such as crop improvement, pest management, and sustainable agriculture.
3. What are the challenges faced in livestock farming?
Ans. Livestock farming faces several challenges, including: 1. Disease outbreaks: Livestock are susceptible to various diseases, and outbreaks can lead to significant economic losses for farmers. 2. Feed availability: Ensuring an adequate supply of nutritious feed for livestock can be challenging, particularly during drought or other natural disasters. 3. Environmental impact: Livestock farming can contribute to deforestation, water pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions, impacting the environment. 4. Animal welfare concerns: There are ongoing debates and concerns regarding the treatment and welfare of animals in intensive livestock farming systems. 5. Market fluctuations: Livestock prices can be volatile, making it challenging for farmers to predict and manage their income effectively.
4. What are the principles of organic farming?
Ans. Organic farming is guided by several principles, including: 1. Soil health: Organic farming focuses on building and maintaining healthy soils through practices such as composting, crop rotation, and the use of organic fertilizers. 2. Biodiversity conservation: Organic farmers aim to enhance biodiversity by creating habitats for beneficial insects, birds, and other wildlife. 3. Chemical avoidance: Organic farming prohibits the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Instead, natural methods are employed to manage pests and weeds. 4. Animal welfare: Organic livestock farming emphasizes the provision of natural living conditions and access to outdoor areas for animals. 5. Sustainability: Organic farming aims to minimize environmental impact, conserve resources, and promote long-term agricultural sustainability.
5. How does aquaculture contribute to food production?
Ans. Aquaculture plays a significant role in food production by: 1. Increasing seafood supply: With the decline in wild fish stocks, aquaculture provides a reliable source of seafood to meet the growing global demand. 2. Diversifying protein sources: Aquaculture allows for the production of various fish and shellfish species, providing alternative protein sources to complement traditional livestock farming. 3. Reducing pressure on wild populations: By farming fish and other aquatic species, aquaculture helps alleviate overfishing and protect vulnerable marine ecosystems. 4. Creating employment opportunities: Aquaculture operations require skilled labor, creating jobs in rural and coastal areas. 5. Promoting sustainable practices: Responsible aquaculture practices, such as proper waste management and reduced reliance on wild fish for feed, can contribute to sustainable food production systems.
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