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Land use and Agriculture in India Video Lecture | Geography Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

64 videos|244 docs|49 tests

FAQs on Land use and Agriculture in India Video Lecture - Geography Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. What is the significance of land use in India?
Ans. Land use in India is of great significance as it determines the allocation and utilization of land resources for various purposes such as agriculture, forestry, housing, industries, and infrastructure development. It plays a crucial role in the country's economic growth, social development, and environmental sustainability.
2. How does agriculture contribute to India's economy?
Ans. Agriculture is a vital sector in the Indian economy as it employs a significant proportion of the country's workforce and contributes to the GDP. It provides food security, raw materials for industries, and serves as a source of income for rural communities. Additionally, agriculture exports contribute to foreign exchange earnings, balancing the trade deficit.
3. What are the major challenges faced by agriculture in India?
Ans. Agriculture in India faces several challenges, including limited access to modern technology and infrastructure, inadequate irrigation facilities, fragmented land holdings, climate change impact, and fluctuating market prices. Additionally, the sector also grapples with issues like soil degradation, water scarcity, and lack of proper storage and transportation facilities.
4. How does land use impact the environment in India?
Ans. Land use decisions in India have a significant impact on the environment. Unsustainable practices such as deforestation for agriculture or industrial expansion can lead to soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and habitat destruction. Improper waste management and pollution from industries can further degrade land quality and affect the health of ecosystems and communities.
5. What initiatives are taken by the government to promote sustainable land use and agriculture in India?
Ans. The government of India has implemented various initiatives to promote sustainable land use and agriculture. These include schemes like Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana for irrigation, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture, and National Food Security Mission. The government also encourages organic farming, promotes agroforestry, and supports research and development in agricultural technology to enhance productivity while minimizing environmental impact.
64 videos|244 docs|49 tests

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