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Agriculture in Independent India Video Lecture | Sociology Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

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FAQs on Agriculture in Independent India Video Lecture - Sociology Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. How did agriculture in India change after gaining independence?
Ans. After gaining independence, agriculture in India witnessed significant changes. The government implemented various policies and initiatives to modernize farming practices, increase productivity, and improve the socio-economic condition of farmers. Land reforms were introduced to redistribute land to the landless and marginal farmers. The Green Revolution in the 1960s introduced high-yielding crop varieties, irrigation facilities, and modern agricultural practices, resulting in a substantial increase in food production.
2. What were the major challenges faced by agriculture in independent India?
Ans. Agriculture in independent India faced several challenges. Some of the major challenges include inadequate irrigation facilities, fragmented landholdings, lack of access to credit and technology, post-harvest losses, and low market prices for agricultural produce. Moreover, climate change, natural disasters, and pest infestations also pose significant challenges to Indian agriculture.
3. How did the government support agriculture in independent India?
Ans. The government played a crucial role in supporting agriculture in independent India. It implemented various policies and programs to provide financial assistance, subsidies, and technical support to farmers. The government established agricultural research institutes, launched schemes for irrigation development, provided credit facilities through cooperative banks, and introduced minimum support prices (MSP) for crops to ensure fair remuneration for farmers.
4. What were the impacts of the Green Revolution on agriculture in independent India?
Ans. The Green Revolution had a profound impact on agriculture in independent India. It led to a significant increase in crop yields, particularly for wheat and rice. The introduction of high-yielding varieties, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides resulted in higher agricultural productivity. However, the Green Revolution also led to environmental issues such as soil degradation, water pollution, and over-dependence on chemical inputs.
5. How did land reforms contribute to agricultural development in independent India?
Ans. Land reforms played a crucial role in agricultural development in independent India. They aimed to address the unequal distribution of land and provide land to landless and marginal farmers. By redistributing land, land reforms aimed to reduce poverty, increase agricultural productivity, and improve the socio-economic condition of farmers. It helped in breaking the feudal system, promoting social justice, and creating a more equitable society.
62 videos|137 docs|25 tests

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