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Globalisation and Agriculture Video Lecture | Sociology Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

62 videos|137 docs|25 tests

FAQs on Globalisation and Agriculture Video Lecture - Sociology Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. How does globalization impact agriculture?
Ans. Globalization has both positive and negative impacts on agriculture. On one hand, it allows for the exchange of agricultural products, technologies, and knowledge across borders, leading to increased productivity and efficiency. On the other hand, it can also result in the domination of global agricultural markets by a few powerful players, leading to the marginalization of small-scale farmers and potential environmental degradation.
2. What are the main challenges faced by farmers in the era of globalization?
Ans. Farmers face several challenges in the era of globalization. One major challenge is the increased competition from imported agricultural products, which often have lower production costs due to different regulations and lower labor costs in other countries. This can make it difficult for local farmers to compete in the global market. Additionally, globalization can lead to a loss of traditional farming practices and knowledge, as well as the dependence on multinational corporations for seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides.
3. How does globalization affect food security?
Ans. Globalization has both positive and negative impacts on food security. On one hand, it can facilitate the transfer of food from surplus regions to deficit regions, helping to alleviate hunger and improve access to a diverse range of food products. On the other hand, globalization can also lead to the concentration of food production in a few countries or regions, making them vulnerable to disruptions in the global food system. This can result in food shortages and price volatility, affecting the food security of importing countries.
4. What role do subsidies play in the globalization of agriculture?
Ans. Subsidies play a significant role in the globalization of agriculture. Many countries provide subsidies to their farmers to support agricultural production and ensure food security. However, these subsidies can distort international trade by artificially lowering the prices of exported agricultural products. This can lead to unfair competition for farmers in other countries, especially those without similar subsidy programs. Subsidies can also contribute to overproduction and environmental degradation.
5. How can globalization be harnessed to promote sustainable agriculture?
Ans. Globalization can be harnessed to promote sustainable agriculture through various means. One approach is to promote the exchange of sustainable farming practices and technologies across borders, allowing farmers to learn from each other's experiences. Additionally, global cooperation and coordination can help address common challenges such as climate change and biodiversity loss. Fair trade initiatives and certification schemes can also ensure that farmers receive fair prices for their products and encourage sustainable production methods.
62 videos|137 docs|25 tests

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