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Industrialisation and Social Change Video Lecture | Sociology Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

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FAQs on Industrialisation and Social Change Video Lecture - Sociology Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. How did industrialization impact social change?
Industrialization brought about significant social changes by transforming traditional agrarian societies into modern industrial societies. It led to urbanization, as people migrated from rural areas to cities in search of employment opportunities in factories. This shift in population resulted in the growth of cities, the emergence of a new working class, and the development of new social classes. Industrialization also brought changes in social norms and values, as traditional roles and customs were challenged and redefined in the context of a rapidly changing society.
2. What were the major consequences of industrialization on the working class?
Industrialization had both positive and negative consequences for the working class. On one hand, it created employment opportunities and improved living standards for some workers. However, it also led to harsh working conditions, long hours, low wages, and child labor in many industries. The working class faced exploitation and inequality, which eventually fueled the growth of labor movements and the fight for workers' rights.
3. How did industrialization affect the environment?
Industrialization had a profound impact on the environment. The rapid growth of factories and manufacturing processes resulted in increased pollution levels, deforestation, and depletion of natural resources. The burning of fossil fuels for energy production led to air pollution and contributed to global warming. Industrialization also disrupted ecosystems through the construction of infrastructure and the release of harmful chemicals into water bodies. These environmental consequences have had long-term effects and continue to be a major concern in today's society.
4. Did industrialization lead to a decline in traditional craftsmanship?
Yes, industrialization led to a decline in traditional craftsmanship. As mass production became more prevalent, the need for skilled artisans and craftsmen decreased. Traditional methods of production were often replaced by machinery and assembly lines, which resulted in standardized and uniform products. This shift towards industrial production methods diminished the value and demand for traditional craftsmanship, leading to the decline of many traditional crafts and skills.
5. How did industrialization impact social mobility?
Industrialization had a significant impact on social mobility. It created opportunities for upward social mobility, as individuals from lower social classes could potentially improve their economic and social status through employment in industries. However, social mobility was not equally accessible to all. Factors such as education, skills, and social networks played a crucial role in determining an individual's ability to move up the social ladder. Industrialization also reinforced social inequalities, as the wealth and power generated by industrialization tended to concentrate in the hands of a few, while others remained trapped in poverty.
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