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Causes of Migration Video Lecture | Geography Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

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FAQs on Causes of Migration Video Lecture - Geography Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. What are some push factors that contribute to migration?
Ans. Push factors are circumstances or conditions that compel individuals to leave their homes and migrate to another location. Some common push factors include political instability, armed conflict, poverty, lack of job opportunities, natural disasters, and environmental degradation. These factors create unfavorable conditions in the home country, prompting individuals to seek better prospects elsewhere.
2. What are pull factors in migration?
Ans. Pull factors are factors that attract individuals to migrate to a particular location. These factors can include economic opportunities, higher wages, better education and healthcare facilities, political stability, religious freedom, and the prospect of a higher standard of living. Pull factors essentially create a positive image of the destination and act as an incentive for individuals to choose migration.
3. How does globalization contribute to migration?
Ans. Globalization has facilitated migration by increasing connectivity and creating opportunities for people to move across borders. Economic globalization has led to the integration of markets, creating demand for labor in various countries. Technological advancements in transportation and communication have made it easier for people to travel and stay connected with their home countries, reducing the barriers to migration. Additionally, the spread of information and media has made individuals more aware of opportunities and lifestyles in different parts of the world, further fueling migration.
4. What role does social and cultural factors play in migration?
Ans. Social and cultural factors can significantly influence migration patterns. For instance, the presence of existing immigrant communities can act as a social network and provide support to new migrants, making the transition easier. Cultural factors such as language similarities or shared cultural heritage can also attract migrants to specific destinations. Moreover, social and cultural discrimination or persecution can be push factors for migration, as individuals seek environments where they feel accepted and can freely express their identities.
5. How does climate change impact migration?
Ans. Climate change can lead to forced migration as it affects the availability of resources and livelihoods. Rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and changes in precipitation patterns can cause agricultural disruptions, water scarcity, and displacement of communities in vulnerable areas. This can result in individuals and communities being forced to relocate to safer or more sustainable environments. Climate change-related migration can also contribute to social and political tensions, as it often involves movement across borders and competition for limited resources.
64 videos|244 docs|49 tests

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