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How is Accounting Done? Video Lecture | Accountancy Class 11 - Commerce

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FAQs on How is Accounting Done? Video Lecture - Accountancy Class 11 - Commerce

1. How is accounting done in a business?
Ans. Accounting in a business involves recording, analyzing, and interpreting financial transactions. It is done by following a set of standardized principles and guidelines known as Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). This includes maintaining financial records, preparing financial statements, and ensuring compliance with tax laws.
2. What are the main functions of accounting?
Ans. The main functions of accounting include recording financial transactions, classifying and summarizing data, interpreting and analyzing financial information, and communicating the results to stakeholders. It helps in evaluating the financial performance of a business, making informed decisions, and ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements.
3. What is the difference between financial accounting and managerial accounting?
Ans. Financial accounting focuses on preparing financial statements for external users, such as investors, creditors, and regulatory authorities. Its purpose is to provide an overview of the financial position and performance of a business. On the other hand, managerial accounting is used for internal decision-making purposes. It involves analyzing and interpreting financial data to assist managers in planning, controlling, and evaluating business operations.
4. What are the different branches of accounting?
Ans. Accounting is broadly categorized into several branches, including financial accounting, managerial accounting, tax accounting, auditing, and forensic accounting. Financial accounting deals with the preparation of financial statements, managerial accounting focuses on internal decision-making, tax accounting handles tax-related matters, auditing involves examining financial records for accuracy, and forensic accounting is used in legal investigations and disputes.
5. What are the basic principles of accounting?
Ans. The basic principles of accounting, also known as GAAP, include the principle of consistency (using the same accounting methods consistently), principle of materiality (only recording significant transactions), principle of conservatism (being cautious and objective in financial reporting), principle of relevance (including information that is useful for decision-making), and principle of comparability (ensuring financial statements are comparable across different periods or companies). These principles guide accountants in maintaining accurate and reliable financial records.
82 videos|105 docs|42 tests

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