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Biomolecules in One Shot (NCERT) Video Lecture | Chemistry Class 12 - NEET

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FAQs on Biomolecules in One Shot (NCERT) Video Lecture - Chemistry Class 12 - NEET

1. What are biomolecules?
Ans. Biomolecules are organic molecules that are essential for the functioning of living organisms. They include carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. These biomolecules are involved in various biological processes such as energy storage, structural support, enzymatic reactions, and genetic information storage.
2. How are carbohydrates classified?
Ans. Carbohydrates are classified based on the number of sugar units they contain. Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates and consist of a single sugar unit. Disaccharides are formed by the combination of two monosaccharides, while polysaccharides are made up of multiple monosaccharide units joined together.
3. What is the role of lipids in the body?
Ans. Lipids play several important roles in the body. They serve as a concentrated source of energy, cushion and protect vital organs, provide insulation, and help in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Lipids also form the structural components of cell membranes and act as signaling molecules in various cellular processes.
4. How do proteins function in the body?
Ans. Proteins have diverse functions in the body. They are involved in enzymatic reactions, transport molecules, provide structural support, act as antibodies, and play a role in cell signaling and communication. Proteins also serve as a source of energy when needed.
5. What are the different types of nucleic acids?
Ans. There are two main types of nucleic acids: DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). DNA carries the genetic information in the form of genes and is responsible for the inheritance of traits. RNA plays a crucial role in protein synthesis and gene expression. There are different types of RNA, including messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), and ribosomal RNA (rRNA), each with its specific function.
150 videos|378 docs|213 tests
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