FAQs on Overview: The Age of Industrialisation Video Lecture - Social Studies (SST) Class 10
|1. What is the Age of Industrialisation?
Ans. The Age of Industrialisation refers to the period of the 18th and 19th centuries when there was a massive growth in manufacturing and industry, marked by the use of new technologies and machinery. This period saw the rise of factories and mass production, leading to significant changes in the economy, society, and lifestyle.
|2. What were the major causes of the Industrial Revolution?
Ans. The Industrial Revolution was caused by several factors, including the availability of raw materials, the growth of markets and trade, the development of new machinery and technologies, and the increase in population. The rise of capitalism and the accumulation of wealth also played a significant role in promoting industrialisation.
|3. What were the major impacts of industrialisation on society and the economy?
Ans. Industrialisation had significant impacts on society and the economy. It led to the growth of cities, the rise of the middle class, and the expansion of trade and commerce. It also resulted in the exploitation of workers, the degradation of the environment, and social inequalities. The economy shifted from agriculture to manufacturing, leading to increased productivity and wealth, but also causing economic instability and class conflicts.
|4. What were the major inventions and innovations of the Industrial Revolution?
Ans. The Industrial Revolution saw the development of many new inventions and innovations, including the steam engine, the cotton gin, the power loom, the spinning jenny, the telegraph, the steamboat, the locomotive, and the mechanical reaper. These inventions transformed the way goods were produced and transported, leading to faster and more efficient production and distribution.
|5. How did industrialisation impact the environment and natural resources?
Ans. Industrialisation had a significant impact on the environment and natural resources. The use of coal and other fossil fuels led to air pollution and the greenhouse effect, while the growth of factories and cities led to deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution. Industrialisation also led to the depletion of natural resources, such as timber, minerals, and oil, and contributed to the extinction of species and the loss of biodiversity.