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Hydrogen Chloride: Properties Video Lecture | Chemistry Class 12 - NEET

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FAQs on Hydrogen Chloride: Properties Video Lecture - Chemistry Class 12 - NEET

1. What are the properties of hydrogen chloride?
Ans. Hydrogen chloride is a colorless gas with a pungent odor. It is highly soluble in water and forms hydrochloric acid. It is corrosive and can cause burns on contact with the skin. In its liquid form, it can form white fumes in moist air.
2. Is hydrogen chloride dangerous to inhale?
Ans. Yes, inhaling hydrogen chloride can be dangerous. It is a highly irritating and corrosive gas that can cause severe respiratory problems. Exposure to high concentrations can lead to lung damage, difficulty breathing, and even death. It is important to handle and store hydrogen chloride safely.
3. How is hydrogen chloride used in industry?
Ans. Hydrogen chloride has several industrial applications. It is commonly used in the production of vinyl chloride, which is a precursor to PVC plastics. It is also used in the manufacturing of dyes, pharmaceuticals, and various chemicals. Additionally, hydrogen chloride is used as a catalyst in certain chemical reactions.
4. Can hydrogen chloride dissolve in other solvents besides water?
Ans. Yes, hydrogen chloride can dissolve in various solvents besides water. It can dissolve in organic solvents such as ethanol, acetone, and chloroform. The solubility of hydrogen chloride in different solvents depends on factors such as temperature and the nature of the solvent.
5. How is hydrogen chloride synthesized?
Ans. Hydrogen chloride can be synthesized through the reaction of hydrogen gas with chlorine gas. This reaction typically occurs in the presence of a catalyst, such as activated carbon or iron. The equation for the synthesis of hydrogen chloride is: H2 + Cl2 → 2HCl. The reaction is exothermic, meaning it releases heat.
150 videos|378 docs|213 tests
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