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Meaning of Depreciation Video Lecture | Accountancy Class 11 - Commerce

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FAQs on Meaning of Depreciation Video Lecture - Accountancy Class 11 - Commerce

1. What is the meaning of depreciation in accounting?
Ans. Depreciation in accounting refers to the systematic allocation of the cost of an asset over its useful life. It represents the reduction in the value of an asset due to wear and tear, obsolescence, or other factors. Depreciation allows businesses to accurately reflect the decrease in value of their assets on their financial statements over time.
2. How is depreciation calculated?
Ans. Depreciation can be calculated using various methods, such as straight-line depreciation, declining balance depreciation, or units of production depreciation. The most common method is straight-line depreciation, which involves dividing the cost of the asset by its useful life. For example, if an asset costs $10,000 and has a useful life of 5 years, the annual depreciation expense would be $2,000 ($10,000 divided by 5).
3. What is the difference between depreciation and amortization?
Ans. While both depreciation and amortization involve the allocation of costs over time, they are used for different types of assets. Depreciation is used for tangible assets, such as buildings, vehicles, or machinery, whereas amortization is used for intangible assets, such as patents, copyrights, or trademarks. The methods of calculation may also differ between the two.
4. Why is depreciation important for businesses?
Ans. Depreciation is important for businesses because it helps them accurately reflect the decrease in value of their assets over time. By recording depreciation expenses, businesses can match the cost of an asset with the revenue it generates during its useful life. Additionally, depreciation allows businesses to estimate the replacement cost of assets and plan for future capital expenditures.
5. Can depreciation be reversed or reversed?
Ans. Generally, depreciation is a non-reversible process in accounting. Once an asset's value is depreciated, it is considered a permanent reduction in value. However, if an asset is impaired or no longer in use, it may be subject to impairment or disposal, which could result in a reversal or adjustment of the depreciation. Such reversals are exceptional cases and require specific circumstances outlined in accounting standards.
82 videos|105 docs|42 tests

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