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Calculating Provision and Reserves Video Lecture | Accountancy Class 11 - Commerce

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FAQs on Calculating Provision and Reserves Video Lecture - Accountancy Class 11 - Commerce

1. What are provisions and reserves in accounting?
Ans. Provisions and reserves are accounting terms used to set aside funds for certain anticipated expenses or losses. Provisions are created for specific known liabilities or potential losses, while reserves are set aside for general or unspecified purposes.
2. How are provisions different from reserves?
Ans. Provisions are created to account for specific liabilities or potential losses that are known or can be estimated with reasonable certainty. Reserves, on the other hand, are more general and are set aside for future contingencies or uncertainties that may arise.
3. What is the purpose of creating provisions and reserves?
Ans. The purpose of creating provisions and reserves is to ensure that a company has sufficient funds set aside to cover anticipated expenses or losses. This helps in accurately reporting the financial position of the company and ensures that future obligations can be met.
4. How are provisions and reserves accounted for in financial statements?
Ans. Provisions are typically shown as liabilities on the balance sheet, as they represent known obligations or potential losses. Reserves, on the other hand, are not separately shown on the financial statements but may be disclosed in the footnotes or management discussion and analysis section.
5. Can provisions and reserves be reversed or adjusted in the future?
Ans. Yes, provisions and reserves can be reversed or adjusted in the future based on changes in circumstances or new information. If the anticipated expense or loss no longer exists, provisions can be reversed. Similarly, reserves can be utilized or adjusted based on the company's needs and requirements.
82 videos|105 docs|42 tests

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