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All questions of From Colony to Democracy for UPSC CSE Exam

When did India witness the beginning of coalition politics at the federal level?
  • a)
    After the 1947 independence
  • b)
    During the 1950s
  • c)
    After the 1967 elections
  • d)
    After the 1977 elections
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Deepa Iyer answered
India witnessed the beginning of coalition politics at the federal level after the 1967 elections when the Congress Party's dominance started to wane, leading to the formation of coalition governments.
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What was the voter turnout in India's first general election in 1952?
  • a)
    15%
  • b)
    25%
  • c)
    40%
  • d)
    46%
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
The voter turnout in India's first general election in 1952 was approximately 46%. This high turnout was significant given the country's diverse, illiterate, and economically challenged population, reflecting the enthusiasm of the Indian people for participating in the democratic process.

What significant system of democratic self-government, based on village panchayats, was introduced in India following the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee's recommendations?
  • a)
    Lok Sabha
  • b)
    Rajya Sabha
  • c)
    Panchayati Raj
  • d)
    Community Development Program
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Deepa Iyer answered
Following the recommendations of the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee, the system of democratic self-government known as "Panchayati Raj" was introduced in India. It involved the establishment of village panchayats as a means of decentralized rural and district development administration.

What important measure of social reform was introduced in India to make the practice of untouchability punishable and a cognizable offence?
  • a)
    Hindu Code Bill
  • b)
    Land Reforms
  • c)
    Income Tax Policies
  • d)
    Anti-Untouchability Law
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
The Anti-Untouchability Law was introduced in India in 1955, making the practice of untouchability punishable and a cognizable offence, aimed at addressing the issue of caste-based discrimination.

Which political party emerged as the single largest party in India's first general election in 1952?
  • a)
    Indian National Congress
  • b)
    Communist Party
  • c)
    Socialist Party
  • d)
    Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Priya Menon answered
The Indian National Congress emerged as the single largest party in India's first general election in 1952, winning 364 seats in the Lok Sabha with 45% of the total polled votes.

What were some of the drawbacks of the Panchayati Raj system in India?
  • a)
    Lack of enthusiasm from state governments
  • b)
    Overwhelming power and funding for Panchayati samitis
  • c)
    Effective management of funds and resources
  • d)
    Successful eradication of class division in rural society
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
Some of the drawbacks of the Panchayati Raj system included the lack of enthusiasm from state governments, curbing of powers and functions of Panchayati samitis, and issues of politicization and bureaucratization. It did not successfully address the class division in rural society.

Who became the first Chief Election Commissioner of India in January 1950?
  • a)
    Jawaharlal Nehru
  • b)
    Sukumar Sen
  • c)
    Indira Gandhi
  • d)
    Morarji Desai
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
Sukumar Sen became the first Chief Election Commissioner of India in January 1950. His role was crucial in organizing and conducting India's first general election in 1952.

What was the primary reason why some leaders in newly independent countries resisted democracy as a form of governance?
  • a)
    They believed it would promote national unity.
  • b)
    They thought it would lead to conflicts and differences.
  • c)
    They were inspired by India's democratic success.
  • d)
    They wanted to consolidate their power.
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Kavita Shah answered
Some leaders in newly independent countries resisted democracy as a form of governance because they believed it would lead to conflicts and differences. They prioritized national unity and stability over the potential challenges that democracy might bring. This approach was different from India, which adopted democracy despite its diverse and economically challenged population.

Who was the first Prime Minister of India and the longest-serving PM in Indian history?
  • a)
    Morarji Desai
  • b)
    Jawaharlal Nehru
  • c)
    Indira Gandhi
  • d)
    Rajiv Gandhi
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and the longest-serving Prime Minister in Indian history, with a term of office from August 5, 1947, to May 27, 1964, spanning 16 years and 286 days.

Who initiated the slogan 'Jai Jawan Jai Kisan' during the Indo-Pak war of 1965?
  • a)
    Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • b)
    Indira Gandhi
  • c)
    Rajiv Gandhi
  • d)
    Morarji Desai
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Deepa Iyer answered
The slogan 'Jai Jawan Jai Kisan' was initiated by Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri during the Indo-Pak war of 1965. It aimed to honor both the soldiers and the farmers for their contributions to the nation.

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