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All questions of International Cooperation and Current developments for UPSC CSE Exam

What is the successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action?
  • a)
    Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030
  • b)
    Sustainable Development Goals 2015-2030
  • c)
    The Paris Agreement on Climate Change (COP 21)
  • d)
    United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Meera Kapoor answered
The successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action is the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. This framework is a non-binding agreement aimed at reducing disaster risks and promoting disaster resilience. It sets out various priorities and objectives for disaster risk reduction.
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What is the role of the Relief Co-ordination Team in Community-Based Disaster Management?
  • a)
    Providing first aid to victims
  • b)
    Coordinating relief efforts and distributing resources
  • c)
    Conducting early warning operations
  • d)
    Assisting in damage assessment
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

The Relief Co-ordination Team in Community-Based Disaster Management is responsible for coordinating relief efforts and distributing resources such as food, water, medicines, and temporary shelters within the community.

What role does the media play in post-disaster events?
  • a)
    Providing information and advice to victims
  • b)
    Spreading rumors and altering the reality of disaster
  • c)
    Creating myths about disasters
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Meera Kapoor answered
The media plays a crucial role in post-disaster events by providing information and advice to victims, helping them navigate the aftermath of a disaster. However, it is important to be cautious of the negative effects that media can have, such as spreading rumors and creating myths about disasters. The media should strive to provide accurate and reliable information to assist in the recovery and rebuilding process.

What is the role of the media in disaster preparedness?
  • a)
    Broadcasting reliable information for public safety
  • b)
    Collecting and distributing information to the public
  • c)
    Facilitating coordination of risk assessment activities
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Vikram Verma answered
The media plays a crucial role in disaster preparedness by broadcasting reliable information for public safety, collecting and distributing information to the public, and facilitating coordination of risk assessment activities. By providing accurate and timely information, the media can help in educating the public, raising awareness about risks, and improving coordination between policymakers and the public.

What is the main purpose of disaster risk insurance?
  • a)
    To prevent disasters from occurring
  • b)
    To provide immediate relief during disasters
  • c)
    To transfer financial risks associated with disasters
  • d)
    To fund disaster preparedness programs
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Priya Menon answered
The main purpose of disaster risk insurance is to transfer financial risks associated with disasters. It provides financial relief and compensation when a disaster occurs, helping individuals, businesses, and governments recover from the financial losses incurred.

What impact does technology have on the media in disaster management?
  • a)
    Enables rapid dissemination of information
  • b)
    Improves forecasting and analysis capabilities
  • c)
    Enhances communication and data management
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Vikram Verma answered
Technology has a significant impact on the media in disaster management by enabling rapid dissemination of information, improving forecasting and analysis capabilities, and enhancing communication and data management. Advances in communication technology have revolutionized how the media can gather, analyze, and transmit information about disasters, resulting in more effective disaster management strategies.

What is one of the key issues highlighted in the text regarding disaster management in India?
  • a)
    Lack of access to disaster insurance for individuals
  • b)
    Overemphasis on disaster response rather than risk reduction
  • c)
    High level of preparedness for catastrophic disasters
  • d)
    Effective coordination between national and state authorities
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
One of the key issues highlighted in the text regarding disaster management in India is the overemphasis on disaster response rather than risk reduction. The text mentions that there are significant gaps in preparedness for catastrophic disasters and a need to focus on risk reduction strategies.

What is the main principle that guides Community-Based Disaster Management (CBDM)?
  • a)
    Top-down approach
  • b)
    Centralized decision-making
  • c)
    Subsidiarity
  • d)
    Bureaucratic control
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

The main principle that guides Community-Based Disaster Management (CBDM) is subsidiarity, which emphasizes a decentralized, bottom-up approach involving local communities in disaster preparedness and response.

Which country has one of the most advanced tsunami warning systems?
  • a)
    Bangladesh
  • b)
    India
  • c)
    Japan
  • d)
    United States
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Deepa Iyer answered
Japan has one of the most advanced tsunami warning systems in the world. They have a well-coordinated working procedure with the Japan Meteorological Agency and the Japan Broadcasting System (NHK) to broadcast earthquake and tsunami information within a short time after the event. This system has been effective in alerting the public and saving lives during tsunamis.

Who are the stakeholders involved in disaster risk insurance?
  • a)
    Only government regulators
  • b)
    Beneficiaries and insurance industry
  • c)
    Only donors and facilitators
  • d)
    Government and policyholders
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Vikram Verma answered
The stakeholders involved in disaster risk insurance include beneficiaries (policyholders) and the insurance industry. The insurance industry provides insurance solutions, and policyholders receive insurance payouts in case of disasters.

Which authority in India is responsible for preparing district-level disaster management plans?
  • a)
    National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
  • b)
    State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA)
  • c)
    District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA)
  • d)
    National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM)
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) in India is responsible for preparing district-level disaster management plans. These plans are formulated at the district level and focus on addressing disaster risks specific to each district.

What is the Emergency Alert System (EAS) in the United States?
  • a)
    A system for broadcasting weather information
  • b)
    A system for emergency communication during national disasters
  • c)
    A system for international donations during disasters
  • d)
    A system for media convergence during emergencies
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Meera Kapoor answered
The Emergency Alert System (EAS) in the United States is a national public warning system that allows broadcasters, cable systems, and other providers to communicate important emergency information to the public during national disasters. It is used by the President to address the American public and by state and local authorities for emergency information targeted to specific areas.

What are some positive effects of the media in disaster management?
  • a)
    Providing instantaneous information
  • b)
    Assisting in decision making and response
  • c)
    Disseminating information about public safety
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Deepa Iyer answered
The media has several positive effects in disaster management, including providing instantaneous information to the public, assisting in decision making and response, and disseminating information about public safety. Their coverage of incidents and post-disaster events can aid in saving lives and property by providing accurate and timely information to the affected population and the outside world.

How can the media contribute to disaster management?
  • a)
    Aid prioritization of disaster risk issues
  • b)
    Facilitate creation of early warning systems
  • c)
    Increase international donations
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Deepa Iyer answered
The media can contribute to disaster management by aiding in the prioritization of disaster risk issues, facilitating the creation of early warning systems, and increasing international donations. Through their extensive outreach, the media can raise awareness and influence policymakers and the public to take necessary actions for disaster preparedness and response.

What is the role of the media in disaster management?
  • a)
    Educating the public about disasters
  • b)
    Warning of hazards
  • c)
    Gathering and transmitting information about affected areas
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Sanjay Rana answered
The media plays a crucial role in disaster management by educating the public about disasters, warning of hazards, and gathering and transmitting information about affected areas. By fulfilling these roles, the media helps in managing disasters effectively and facilitating discussions about disaster preparedness and response.

How can the media assist in disaster relief efforts?
  • a)
    Activating the local disaster response
  • b)
    Stimulating effective disaster relief
  • c)
    Mobilizing relief and emergency response
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Vikram Verma answered
The media can assist in disaster relief efforts by activating the local disaster response, stimulating effective disaster relief, and mobilizing relief and emergency response. By providing information and raising awareness, the media can play a crucial role in coordinating relief efforts, mobilizing resources, and ensuring efficient and effective response to disasters.

What are some negative effects of the media in disaster management?
  • a)
    Exaggerating elements of the disaster and creating panic
  • b)
    Providing biased coverage for sensationalism
  • c)
    Overwhelming affected areas with media convergence
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Deepa Iyer answered
The media can have negative effects in disaster management, such as exaggerating elements of the disaster and creating unnecessary panic, providing biased coverage for sensationalism, and overwhelming affected areas with media convergence. These negative effects can hinder the response and recovery process and may not accurately portray the reality of the situation.

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