Daily Current Affairs MCQ - Feb 1, 2021


9 Questions MCQ Test Daily Current Affairs MCQs | Daily Current Affairs MCQ - Feb 1, 2021


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QUESTION: 1

Regarding the Red Fort, consider the following statements:

1. Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned the Red Fort's construction on 12 May 1638, when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi.

2. Its design is credited to architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution: Newsfeeds on Republic Day were dominated by scenes of protests on the ramparts of the Red Fort. The climax raised the Nishan Sahib on the pole normally reserved for the hoisting of the national flag by the Prime Minister on Independence Day.
  • Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned the Red Fort's construction on 12 May 1638, when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi.

  • Originally red and white, its design is credited to architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori, who also constructed the Taj Mahal. It was constructed between May 1639 and April 1648.

  • It was only in the reign of Shah Jahan (1628-58) that the Mughal connection to Delhi was given concrete form, with the founding of Shahjahanabad and the inauguration of its palace citadel, the Red Fort, in 1648.

  • From that date to the end of Mughal rule in 1857, Delhi would be the Mughal empire's formal capital.

Symbol of Nation

  • With the coming of Independence, it was necessary that the Red Fort's site, over which the British colonial government had sought to inscribe its power and might, be symbolically reclaimed for the Indian people.

  • For this reason, after the first hoisting of the national flag at India Gate on August 15, 1947, the next day, the Prime Minister hoisted it on the Red Fort's ramparts — this was to become India's lasting Independence Day tradition then.

QUESTION: 2

Concerning the term 'bargis', consider the following statements:

1. The term refers to the several Maratha invasions of West Bengal between 1741 and 1751.

2. The word is derived from the Persian "bargir", literally means “ "burden taker".

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution: The ruling All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) has found a specific word to attack the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 's outsider status. The word 'bargi' as the TMC likes to call the BJP, is of special significance in Bengal's history.
  • The term refers to the several Maratha invasions of West Bengal between 1741 and 1751, which resulted in looting, plundering and massacres of what was then Mughal territory.

  • This specific period's happenings have affected Bengal's consciousness so much that they have an established presence in Bengali folklore and literature. The term 'bargis' is used as a casual reference to troublesome outsider forces.

  • Simply speaking, the word bargi referred to cavalrymen in Maratha and Mughal armies. The word comes from the Persian "bargir", literally meaning "burden taker".

  • But in the Mughal and Maratha armies, the term signified "a soldier who rode a horse furnished by his employer."

QUESTION: 3

With reference to the UK Special Visa scheme for Hong Kong residents, consider the following statements:

1. The visas will be issued to those who hold a British National (Overseas) passport in Hong Kong and their immediate dependents and will offer UK citizenship a fast track.

2. Applicants who get the visa can live and work in the UK for 10 years, only after applying for settlement.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution: The UK is opening a special visa scheme that will allow lakhs of Hong Kong residents a chance to migrate and eventually apply for British citizenship.
  • The visas will be issued to Hong Kong residents who hold a British National (Overseas) passport and their immediate dependents and will offer a fast track to UK citizenship.

  • Applicants who get the visa can live and work in the UK for 5 years, after which they apply for settlement. Twelve months after this, they can apply for citizenship.

  • The move is considered the UK's most generous welcoming of foreign workers since the entry of new EU citizens in 2004 — when 10 countries were added to the bloc– when the UK was also a member.

  • The move comes months after China imposed a sweeping national security law over the former British colony, aiming pro-democracy protests that had captured global attention since 2019.

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements:

1. The industrial compound found in consumer products, including

automotive antifreeze and hydraulic brake fluids is ethylene glycol.

2. Ethylene glycol has a sweet taste and is often accidentally or intentionally ingested.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution: Eleven US soldiers fell sick after accidentally drinking ethylene glycol, a chemical found in antifreeze.
  • Ethylene glycol is an industrial compound found in consumer products including automotive antifreeze, hydraulic brake fluids, stamp pad inks, ballpoint pens, solvents, paints, plastics, films, and cosmetics. It is also used as a pharmaceutical vehicle.

  • It is a synthetic liquid, which is odourless and is used to make antifreeze and de-icing solutions for cars, aeroplanes and boats.

  • Ethylene glycol has a sweet taste and is often accidentally or intentionally ingested.

  • Once ingested, ethylene glycol is chemically broken down into toxic compounds. These byproducts then affect the central nervous system (CNS), the heart and then the kidneys. CDC says that the ingestion of sufficient amounts can be fatal.

  • Ethylene glycol can be disseminated through indoor air, water, food, outdoor air and agricultural products.

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements:

1. In Chile, 21 June has been declared as National Yoga Day.

2. On 4th of November 1962, the first Yoga institution in Chile was established by José Rafael Estrada.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution: In his Mann Ki Baat address on January 31, Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke about the popularity of Yoga in Chile and appreciated the Latin American nation's love for Indian culture.
  • In Chile, the 4th of November has been declared as National Yoga Day.

  • On 4th of November 1962, the first Yoga institution in Chile was established by José Rafael Estrada.

  • Estrada, originally from Mexico, is credited for bringing Yoga to Chile. T

  • He also mentioned that the name of the Vice President of the Chilean Senate is Rabindranath Quinteros.

  • He has been so named, inspired by Vishwa Kavi Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.

QUESTION: 6

Who is Baiju Prafulkumar Bhatt?

Solution: The online trading app Robinhood became a cultural phenomenon and a Silicon Valley darling with a promise to wrest the stock market away from Wall Street's traditional gatekeepers and "let the people trade".
  • Baiju Prafulkumar Bhatt (born 1984/1985) is an Indian-American billionaire entrepreneur of Gujarati descent. He is the co-founder, along with Vladimir Tenev, of Robinhood, a US-based financial services company.

  • Robinhood Markets, Inc. is an American financial services company headquartered in Menlo Park, California.

  • On January 28, 2021, Robinhood restricted the trading of certain stocks following an effort by users of r/wallstreetbets subreddit to drive up their price. This decision attracted condemnation from internet users on the subreddit and Twitter.

QUESTION: 7

Matua community, often mentioned in the news, is mainly located in India's following state of India?

Solution: The Matua community in West Bengal are upset about the cancellation of a rally Union Home Minister Amit Shah was scheduled to address.
  • The Matua community has members on either side of the Bengal border.

  • It is associated with a religious movement begun in the 1870s by Harichand Thakur of a Namasudra (SC) family, hailed from Safaldanga in East Bengal.

  • In the early 20th century, his son Guruchand organised the movement socially and politically. In 1915, the Matua Federation was established.

  • Today, Matuas constitute the second-largest SC population of West Bengal. Government sources put their number at around 17% of the state's electorate.

  • For years, the Matuas were demanding an amendment to the Citizenship Act of 2003, whose provisions made it difficult for refugees to get citizenship.

QUESTION: 8

Which of the following statement is not correct about 'Pattachitra' painting?

Solution: During his Mann ki Baat programme, the Prime Minister cited Bhagyashree Sahu's example, a young student from Rourkela in Odisha for her keen interest in 'Pattachitra' painting.
  • Patta means cloth, and Chitra means picture. Hence, Pattachitra is a picture painted on a piece of cloth. It is based in the states of West Bengal and Odisha.

  • Bengal tradition: It is centred around Kalighat (in Kolkata). The theme is Not much devotional.

  • Odisha tradition:

    • It is centred around Puri. Almost all of the Chitrakar community hails from a small village in Puri district called Raghurajpur.

    • These paintings are based on Hindu mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava sect.

    • All colours used in the Paintings are natural and paintings.

QUESTION: 9

With reference to the National e-Vidhan project, consider the following statements:

1. e-Vidhan is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) included in Digital India Programme.

2. For its implementation in all States/UTs with Legislatures, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is the 'Nodal Ministry.'

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution: Meghalaya State Assembly Speaker visited Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Secretariat in Itanagar to get first-hand information about the National e-Vidhan project implemented in the Assembly.
  • e-Vidhan is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) included in Digital India Programme. Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is the 'Nodal Ministry' for its implementation in all the States/ UTs with Legislatures.

  • Funding of NeVA is on the pattern of Central Sponsored Scheme, i.e. 60:40; and 90:10 for North East & hilly States and 100% for UTs.

  • The funding for e-Vidhan is provided by the MoPA and technical support by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).