Daily Current Affairs MCQ - January 5, 2021


10 Questions MCQ Test Daily Current Affairs MCQs | Daily Current Affairs MCQ - January 5, 2021


Description
This mock test of Daily Current Affairs MCQ - January 5, 2021 for Current Affairs helps you for every Current Affairs entrance exam. This contains 10 Multiple Choice Questions for Current Affairs Daily Current Affairs MCQ - January 5, 2021 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Daily Current Affairs MCQ - January 5, 2021 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. Current Affairs students definitely take this Daily Current Affairs MCQ - January 5, 2021 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Daily Current Affairs MCQ - January 5, 2021 extra questions, long questions & short questions for Current Affairs on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

  With reference to the Kolar Leaf-Nosed Bat, consider the following statements:
1. In the family Hipposideridae, it is a species of bat.
2. It is found in only one cave in the village of Hanumanahalli in 
the Karnataka district of Kolar and its population is less than 200 people.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?      

Solution:

The Karnataka Forest Department, along with the Bat Conservation India Trust (BCIT), is on a war footing to save the Kolar Leaf-Nosed Bat from extinction.

  • It is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae.
  • Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and caves.
  • It is endemic to India. It is found in only one cave in Hanumanahalli village in the Kolar district of Karnataka, and its population is less than 200 individuals.
  • It is currently evaluated as critically endangered by the IUCN.
QUESTION: 2

With reference to Rajya Sabha, consider the following statements:
1. There are only three other occasions when the Rajya Sabha met for fewer than 50 meetings a year, 48 in 1999 and 46 in 2004 and 2008 respectively.

2. In 2020, annual productivity, the highest annual productivity  in the last 11 years, was 82.7 per cent.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

With the government refusing to call the winter session of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha sat for just 33 days in 2020, its lowest-ever tally of sittings in a year.

  • The Budget and the monsoon sessions had to be cut short due to COVID-19.
  • There are only three other occasions when the Rajya Sabha met for fewer than 50 sittings in a year — 48 in 1999 and 46 each in 2004 and 2008.
  • The last time the winter session was cancelled was 36 years ago in 1984. In overall parliamentary history, there have been only two other instances in 1979 and 1975 when the winter session was cancelled.
  • As per an analysis by the Rajya Sabha Secretariat, the limited number of sittings did not hurt the productivity. During the year 2020, annual productivity has been 82.7%, the highest annual productivity during the last 11 years.
  • A total of 39 Bills have been passed by the House during 2020, including 12 during the Budget session and 27 during the monsoon session.
QUESTION: 3

With reference to the Digital Payments Index (DPI), consider the following statements:
1. It is an initiative of NITI Aayog.
2. The DPI for March 2019 and March 2020 work out to 153.47 and 207.84 respectively, indicating appreciable growth.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has constructed a composite Digital Payments Index (DPI) to capture the extent of digitisation of payments across the country.

  • The RBI-DPI has been constructed with March 2018 as the base period.
  • The DPI for March 2019 and March 2020 work out to 153.47 and 207.84 respectively, indicating appreciable growth.
  • The RBI-DPI comprises five broad parameters, including Payment Enablers, Payment Infrastructure – Demand-side factors and Supply-side factors, Payment Performance and Consumer Centricity,” the banking regulator said.
  • RBI-DPI shall be published on RBI’s website on a semi-annual basis from March 2021 onwards with a lag of 4 months.
  • The digital payments ecosystem is currently dominated by large technology players including Paytm, PhonePe, Google Pay, and recently launched WhatsApp Payments.
  • India’s UPI payments had shot up 82 per cent in the current fiscal year’s Q2 along with a 99 per cent jump in value from the year-ago period, according to the Worldline India Digital Payments report.
QUESTION: 4

Deepor Beel is a wetland located in:        

Solution:

The Kamrup (Metropolitan) district administration has prohibited community fishing in Deepor Beel, a wetland on the south-western edge of Guwahati and Assam’s only Ramsar site.

  • The order was necessary to prevent fishing, excavation and construction in and around the wetland that has been shrinking over the years.
  • Deepor Beel was designated a Ramsar site in 2002 for sustaining a range of aquatic life forms besides 219 species of birds.
  • A Ramsar Site is a wetland designated to be of international importance under the Convention on Wetlands on February 2, 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar.
QUESTION: 5

With reference to the Ramateertham temple, consider the following statements:
1. It is located in Andhra Pradesh.
2. Ramateertham is one of the places made sacred by a traditional connection with Lord Sree Rama.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?  

Solution:

The 16th-century Ramateertham temple turned into a political war zone with a triangular fight among leaders of the TDP, the BJP and the ruling YSR Congress Party as they tried to get maximum political mileage with regard to the vandalism of the idol of Lord Rama at the Kodandarama Swamy temple.

  • The idol of Lord Rama atop the historic Ramateertham temple, located 12 km from Vizianagaram, was vandalised on December 29. A part of the idol was identified in a small pond on December 31.
  • Ramateertham is a village panchayat in Nellimarla Mandal of Vizianagaram district in Andhra Pradesh in India. It is about 12 km from Vizianagaram city.
  • Ramateertham is one of the places made sacred by a traditional connection with Lord Sree Rama.
  • The famous ancient temple of Ramachandra Swamy can be found here. The beautiful idols of Lord Ramachandra Swamy, Sita and Lakshmana in Silver kavachas can be seen at this temple.
QUESTION: 6

 Consider the following statements:

1. A new metric or measure called the Tide-Rainfall Flood Quotient was recently developed by a team from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay to understand whether a coastal city is more prone to floods caused by tidal events or extreme rainfall.

2. The 2018 C40 Cities report notes that over 570 low-lying coastal cities will face a projected increase in sea level by at least 0.5 meters by 2050.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?   

Solution:

To understand if a coastal city is more prone to floods caused by tidal events or extreme rainfall, a team from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay devised a new metric or measure called the Tide–Rainfall Flood Quotient.

  • Using the past rainfall data, tidal data, and topography of the region this framework can be applied to pinpoint the major factor at play.
  • The team selected three geographically diverse flood-prone coastal regions – Mithi Catchment in Mumbai, Maharashtra, Jagatsinghpur District in Odisha, and Greater Chennai Corporation in Tamil Nadu to test their new metric.
  • The new method helped classify these regions into ‘storm-tide dominated’ or ‘pluvial (rainfall) dominated’ regions.
  • The metric can help disaster management experts in framing better flood risk management systems directed towards long term planning.
  • The C40 Cities report of 2018 notes that by 2050, over 570 low-lying coastal cities will face projected sea level rise by at least 0.5 meters, putting over 800 million people at risk from the impacts of rising seas and storm surges.
  • While the inland areas can be flooded due to the heavy rainfall, the coasts are threatened by the impact of tidal surges.
QUESTION: 7

With reference to 40th Indian scientific expedition to Antarctica, consider the following statements:
1. The Indian Antarctic expeditions began in 1981.
2. Three permanent research base stations in Antarctica, named Dakshin Gangotri, Maitri, and Bharati, have now been built by the Indian Antarctic program.
3. The whole Indian Antarctic program is managed by the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Goa.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

India launched the 40th scientific expedition to Antarctica.

  • This Indian expedition marks four decades of country’s scientific endeavour to the southern white continent.
  • The 40th expedition journey will be flagged off from Goa on January 5, 2021, with 43 members on board.
  • The chartered ice-class vessel MV Vasiliy Golovnin will make this journey and will reach Antarctica in 30 days. After leaving behind a team of 40 members, it would return to India in April 2021. On return, it will also bring back the winter team of the preceding trip.
  • The Indian Antarctic expeditions began in 1981. The first trip comprised of a team of 21 scientists and support staff led by Dr SZ Qasim.
  • The Indian Antarctic programme has now credited to have built three permanent research base stations in Antarctica—named Dakshin Gangotri, Maitri, and Bharati. As of today, India has two operational research stations in Antarctica named Maitri and Bharati.
  • The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Goa, manages the entire Indian Antarctic program.
     
QUESTION: 8

With reference to the ‘School Bag Policy, 2020’, consider the following statements:
1. It was released by the Educational Research and Training National Council (NCERT).
2. According to the circular, school teachers should inform students in advance of the books and notebooks to be brought to school on a specific day and check their bags frequently to ensure that unnecessary material is not carried.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

The Directorate of Education has issued a circular asking school to follow the new ‘School Bag Policy, 2020’ released by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).

  • According to the circular, schoolteachers should inform the students in advance about the books and notebooks to be brought to school on a particular day and frequently check their bags to ensure that they are not carrying unnecessary material.
  • The weight of the school bags, as per the policy, should be 1.6 to 2.2 kg for students of Classes I and II, 1.7 to 2.5 kg for Classes III, IV and V, 2 to 3 kg for Classes VI and VII, 2.5 to 4 kg for Class VIII, 2.5 to 4.5 kg for Classes IX and X and 3.5 to 5 kg for Classes XI and XII.
  • The teachers should take the responsibility of checking the weight of school bags of the students every three months on a day selected for the whole class and any information about heavy bags should be communicated to the parents.
  • To reduce the weight of the school bag, the school management should provide quality potable water in sufficient quantity to all the students in the school so that they do not need to carry water bottles from their homes.
  • Heavy school bags are a serious threat to the health and well-being of students.
  • The heavy school bag has severe/adverse physical effects on growing children which can cause damage to their vertebral column and knees.
QUESTION: 9

With reference to the Khanij Bidesh India Ltd, consider the following statements:
1. It was incorporated by three state-owned firms, NALCO, Hindustan Copper and Mineral Exploration Ltd., in August 2019.
2. It is intended to acquire overseas strategic mineral assets such as lithium and cobalt.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?        

Solution:

India, through a newly-floated state-owned company, inked a pact with an Argentine firm mid-last year to jointly prospect lithium in the South American country that has the third-largest reserves of lithium.

  • The new company, Khanij Bidesh India Ltd was incorporated in August 2019 by three state-owned companies, NALCO, Hindustan Copper and Mineral Exploration Ltd, with a specific mandate to acquire strategic mineral assets such as lithium and cobalt abroad
  • It is also learnt to be exploring options in Chile and Bolivia, two other top lithium-producing countries.
  • Lithium, the silver-white alkali metal is a crucial building block of the lithium-ion rechargeable batteries that power electric vehicles (EVs), laptops and mobile phones.
  • Currently, India is heavily dependent on import of these cells and the move to ink sourcing pacts for lithium is seen as another salvo in the front against China, a key source of both the raw material and cells.
QUESTION: 10

Sabari River is one of the main tributaries of which of the following river?        

Solution:

In a unique initiative, Migrant fisher-folk families have built temporary houses on the sands of Sabari river near Chintoor village along the tri-State border of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Chhattisgarh in East Godavari Agency.

  • Sabari River is one of the main tributaries of Godavari.
  • It originates from the western slopes of the Eastern Ghats in Odisha state from Sinkaram hill ranges. It forms a common boundary between Chhattisgarh and Odisha states and later enters into Andhra Pradesh to merge with River Godavari.
  • It is also known as Kolab river in Odisha. Upper Kolab project, located in Odisha across the Sabari is a major dam project supplying water for irrigation and Hydropower generation.
  • Sileru River (known as Machkund in its upper reaches) is the major tributary of Sabari which joins Sabari river at a tri-junction boundary point of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. Sileru river has a huge potential of hydroelectricity generation.