Daily Current Affairs MCQ - January 6, 2021


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QUESTION: 1

Sambalpur city is located on the banks of which of the following river?

Solution:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of the permanent campus of IIM Sambalpur. It is one of the Indian Institutes of Management (IIM).

  • Sambalpur is a city in Odisha. It is located on the banks of river Mahanadi.
  • Sambalpur is one of the ancient places of India, with recorded settlements in the prehistoric age.
  • It is known for Sambalpuri Saree which are known for their incorporation of traditional motifs like shankha (shell), chakra (wheel), phula (flower). It is made from fabric woven on a hand-loom.
  • Hirakud Dam, the longest earthen dam in the world and the largest artificial lake of Asia, is at Sambalpur.
QUESTION: 2

Concerning the Aurangabad, consider the following statements:
1. Malik Ambar of the Nijamshahi dynasty built it in 1610.

2. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb renamed it Aurangabad when he  made it the capital of the Mughal Empire's Deccan region.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

The Shiv Sena's long-standing demand for renaming Aurangabad city in Maharashtra as Sambahji Nagar has resurfaced over the last few days. The controversy has led to a war of words between Maharashtra Vikas Aghadi (MVA) allies Shiv Sena and Congress, and the BJP.

  • Aurangabad is a city in Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of Aurangabad district and is the largest city in the Marathwada region.
  • The entire area is covered by the Deccan Traps lava flows of Upper Cretaceous to Lower Eocene age.
  • The city is known as a major production centre of cotton textile and artistic silk fabrics.
  • In 2019, the Aurangabad Industrial City (AURIC) became the first greenfield industrial smart city of India under its flagship Smart Cities Mission.
  • Paithan, the imperial capital of the Satavahana dynasty (1st century BCE–2nd century CE), and Daulatabad or Dēvagirī, the capital of the Yadava dynasty (9th century CE–14th century CE), are located within the limits of modern Aurangabad.
  • Aurangabad was built in 1610 by Malik Ambar of the Nijamshahi dynasty. It was renamed Aurangabad by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb when he made it the Deccan region of the Mughal Empire.
  • Aurangzeb, who lived in Aurangabad until his death, tortured and killed Chhatrapati Sambahji Maharaj, son of the Maratha warrior king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
  • Tourist destinations like the Ajanta and Ellora caves lie on its outskirts, both of which have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1983.
     
QUESTION: 3

Regarding Moringa, consider the following statements:

1. It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree of the family Moringaceae, native to the Indian subcontinent.

2. Nepal is the largest producer of moringa.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

India has started exports of Moringa powder, keeping in mind its rising global demand and nutritional properties, the commerce ministry said. Two tonne of organic certified Moringa powder were sent to the US through air consignment on December 29, 2020.

  • Moringa (botanical name Moringa oleifera) is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree of the family Moringaceae, native to the Indian subcontinent. India is the largest producer of moringa.
  • More generally, moringa grows in the wild or is cultivated in Central America and the Caribbean, northern countries of South America, Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and various countries of Oceania.
  • Common names include moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, and ben oil tree or benzolive tree.
  • Globally, the demand for Moringa products, such as Moringa Leaf Powder and Moringa Oil, has been witnessing healthy growth for its nutritional, medicinal, culinary uses
QUESTION: 4

Which of the following country is the world's biggest exporter of the Rice?        

Solution:

Vietnam, the world's third-biggest exporter of rice, has started buying the grain from rival India for the first time in decades after local prices jumped to their highest in nine years amid limited domestic supplies.

  • The purchases underscore tightening supplies in Asia, which could lift rice prices in 2021 and even force traditional buyers of rice from Thailand and Vietnam to switch to India — the world's biggest exporter of the Rice.
  • In 2020 India exported a record 14 million tonnes of rice, provisional data from the trade Ministry showed.
     
QUESTION: 5

 Who among the following is recognised as the founder of the Nair Service Society (NSS), an organisation created for the Nair community's welfare that is found primarily in Kerala?        

Solution:

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi has paid tribute to Sri Mannathu Padmanabhan Ji on his jayanti.

  • Mannathu Padmanabhan (1878 – 1970) was an Indian social reformer and freedom fighter from Kerala.
  • He is recognised as the founder of the Nair Service Society (NSS), an organisation created for the Nair community's welfare that is found primarily in Kerala.
  • He revived and reshaped village societies' old concept, the Karayogams, which practically set the tenor of family and village life.
  • He took part in the Vaikom (1924) and Guruvayoor(1931) temple-entry Satyagrahas.
  • As the first president of Travancore Devaswom Board he revitalised many temples which had almost ceased to function.
  • In 1959, he along with Christian Churches led a united opposition against the State Communist Ministry, which became known as the Vimochana Samaram (liberation struggle).
QUESTION: 6

 About the Sagarmala Seaplane Services (SSPS), consider the following statements:
1. It is under the Civil Aviation Ministry.

2. It is on selected routes, through prospective airline operators, under a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) framework.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?    

Solution:

Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways is initiating the ambitious Project of Sagarmala Seaplane Services (SSPS) with potential airline operators.

  • Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways is initiating the process of commencing operations of the Seaplane services, on the select routes, under a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) framework through prospective airline operators.
  • The project execution and implementation would be through Sagarmala Development Company Ltd (SDCL), which is under the Ministry's administrative control.
  • Several destinations are envisaged for seaplane operations. The proposed Origin-Destination pairs under Hub and Spoke model include Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep, Guwahati Riverfront & Umranso Reservoir in Assam, Yamuna Riverfront / Delhi (as Hub) to Ayodhaya etc.
  • One such Seaplane Service is already in operation between Kevadia and Sabarmati Riverfront in Ahmedabad, which was inaugurated by Prime Minister Modi on 31st October 2020.
  • To run more such services in the coastal areas or proximity to water bodies, SDCL is keen to associate with the interested scheduled / non-scheduled airline operators.
QUESTION: 7

With reference to the Alphabet Workers Union, consider the following statements:
1. The group is affiliated with the Communications Workers of America, a union in the United States and Canada that represents telecommunication and media workers.

2. On October 2, 2015, Alphabet was created through a Google restructuring and became Google's parent company.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

More than 225 Google engineers and other workers have formed a union, capping years of growing activism at one of the world's largest companies and presenting a rare beachhead for labour organizers in staunchly anti-union Silicon Valley.

  • The new union, called the Alphabet Workers Union after Google's parent company, Alphabet, was organized in secret for the better part of a year and elected its leadership last month.
  • The group is affiliated with the Communications Workers of America, a union that represents workers in telecommunications and media in the United States and Canada.
  • But unlike a traditional union, which demands that an employer come to the bargaining table to agree on a contract, the Alphabet Workers Union is a so-called minority union that represents a fraction of the company's more than 260,000 full-time employees and contractors.
  • Workers said it was primarily an effort to give structure and longevity to activism at Google, rather than to negotiate for a contract.
  • Alphabet was created through a restructuring of Google on October 2, 2015, and became the parent company of Google.
     
QUESTION: 8

Which of the following was the eight warmest since 1901?        

Solution:

The year 2020 was the eight warmest since 1901 but it was "substantially lower" than the highest warming observed in 2016, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said in a statement on Climate of India during 2020.

  • The past two decades -- 2001-2010 and 2011-2020 -- were also the warmest decades on record with anomalies of 0.23 degree Celsius and 0.34 degree Celsius respectively, indicating the overall rising temperature.
  • Twelve out of the 15 warmest years since 1901 were during the past 15 years -- between 2006 and 2020.
  • The country's averaged annual mean temperature during 1901-2020 showed an increasing trend of 0.62 degree C/100 years with significant increasing trend in maximum temperature (0.99 degree C/100 years) and relatively lower increasing trend (0.24 degree C/100 years) in minimum temperature.
  • During the year (2020), annual mean land surface air temperature averaged over the country was 0.29 degree Celsius above normal (based on the data of 1981-2010).
  • The five warmest years on record in order were: 2016 (0.71 degree C), 2009 (0.55 degree C), 2017 (0.541 degree C), 2010 (0.539 degrees C), and 2015 (0.42 degree C).
  • The 2020 Northeast monsoon season (October-December) rainfall over the country was normal (101 per cent of LPA).
     
QUESTION: 9

 About the SwasthVayu, consider the following statements:
1. SwasthVayu was developed by DRDO.
2. It is a microcontroller-based, precise closed-loop adaptive control system with a built-in biocompatible "3D printed manifold and coupler" with HEPA filter.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?       

Solution:

The expert committee constituted by Director General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, has concluded that SwasthVayu may be used on Covid-19 patients who require oxygen supplementation up to 35%.

  • To address the shortages of ventilators in the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) - National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) scientists indigenously designed and developed the non-invasive bi-level positive airway pressure ventilator –SwasthVayu.
  • SwasthVayu developed by CSIR-NAL is a microcontroller based precise closed-loop adaptive control system with a built-in biocompatible "3D printed manifold and coupler" with HEPA filter (Highly Efficient Particulate Air Filter).
  • These unique features help to alleviate the fear of the virus spread. It has features like CPAP, Bi-Timed, Spontaneous / AUTO modes with provision to connect Oxygen concentrator or Enrichment unit externally.
  • CSIR-NAL has commercialized this technology with six private companies.
QUESTION: 10

With reference to the Toycathon 2021, consider the following statements:
1. It is a special kind of hackathon where students and teachers from schools and colleges, design experts, toy experts and startups will get together to crowdsource ideas for developing toys and games based on Indian culture & ethos and local folklore & heroes.
2. It is an initiative of Ministry of Science and Technology.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?     

Solution:

Ministry of Education, Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), Ministry of Textile, Ministry of Commerce and Industries, Ministry of MSME, Ministry of I&B and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) have jointly launched Toycathon-2021 and Toycathon Portal.

  • This is a special kind of hackathon where students and teachers from schools and colleges, design experts, toy experts and startups will get together to crowd source ideas for developing toys and games that are based on Indian culture & ethos and local folklore & heroes.
  • While this will greatly help India develop into a global hub for toys and games, it will also help our children to understand the ethos and values of Indian culture as envisaged in the National Education Policy 2020.
  • The Toycathon is based on nine themes viz. Indian Culture, History, Knowledge of India and Ethos; Learning, Education and Schooling; Social and human values; Occupations & specific fields; Environment; Divyang ; Fitness and sport; Out of the box, creative and logical thinking and Rediscovering/redesigning traditional Indian toys
  • The Toycathon will have 3 variants of tracks of Junior Level, Senior Level and Start up Level and will allow participation of students and teachers from schools, colleges and universities apart from startups and toy experts.