Daily Current Affairs MCQ - May 12, 2021


10 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly | Daily Current Affairs MCQ - May 12, 2021


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This mock test of Daily Current Affairs MCQ - May 12, 2021 for Current Affairs helps you for every Current Affairs entrance exam. This contains 10 Multiple Choice Questions for Current Affairs Daily Current Affairs MCQ - May 12, 2021 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Daily Current Affairs MCQ - May 12, 2021 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. Current Affairs students definitely take this Daily Current Affairs MCQ - May 12, 2021 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Daily Current Affairs MCQ - May 12, 2021 extra questions, long questions & short questions for Current Affairs on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Consider the following statements:

1. The OSIRIS-REx is NASA’s first mission to visit a near-Earth asteroid.

2. The OSIRIS-REx spacecraft was launched in 2016 for the journey to Bennu asteroid.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Recently, NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft departed from asteroid Bennu, and started its two-year long journey back to Earth.
  • The OSIRIS-REx is NASA’s first mission to visit a near-Earth asteroid. It is the United States’ first asteroid sample return mission, aiming to collect and carry a pristine, unaltered sample from an asteroid back to earth for scientific study. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • The OSIRIS-REx (Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer) spacecraft was launched in 2016 for the journey to Bennu. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
    • The mission is essentially a seven-year-long voyage and will conclude when at least 60 grams of samples are delivered back to the Earth (in 2023).
    • As per the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the mission promises to bring the largest amount of extraterrestrial material back to the Earth since the Apollo era.
    • The spacecraft contains five instruments meant to explore Bennu including cameras, a spectrometer and a laser altimeter.
    • Recently, the spacecraft’s robotic arm called the Touch-And-Go Sample Acquisition Mechanism (TAGSAM), made an attempt to “TAG” the asteroid at a sample site and collected a sample.
QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements:

1. Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLAD) is a Central Sector Scheme.

2. The MPLAD scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development.

3. The nominated members of both the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha do not get benefits of the MPLAD scheme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLAD) is a Central Sector Scheme. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
    • It was announced in December 1993 and initially came under the control of the Ministry of Rural Development. Later, in October 1994, it was transferred to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
    • Each year, MPs receive Rs. 5 crore in two instalments of Rs. 2.5 crore each. Funds under MPLAD Scheme are non-lapsable.
  • Objective:
    • To enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature with emphasis on the creation of durable community assets based on the locally felt needs to be taken up in their Constituencies.
      • Lok Sabha Members can recommend works within their constituencies and elected Members of Rajya Sabha can recommend works within the State they are elected from.
      • Nominated Members of both the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the country. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.
      • To create durable assets of national priorities viz. drinking water, primary education, public health, sanitation and roads, etc.
    • Since June 2016, the MPLAD funds can also be used for implementation of the schemes such as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan), conservation of water through rain water harvesting and Sansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana, etc.
    • The Union Cabinet has given its nod to the temporary suspension of MPLAD Funds during 2020-21 and 2021-22 in view of the adverse impact of the outbreak of Covid-19 in India.
QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements:

1. It is considered one of the large and important riverine wetlands in the Brahmaputra Valley of lower Assam.

2. It is considered as some of the large congregations of aquatic birds in Assam during winter.

3. It has been selected as one of the Important Bird Area (IBA) sites by Birdlife International.

4. It is also designated as a Ramsar site.

The above statements describe which of the following Wetlands most appropriately:

Solution:
  • Deepor Beel (Beel means wetland or large aquatic body in Assamese) located about 10 km Southwest of Guwahati city is considered one of the large and important riverine wetlands in the Brahmaputra Valley of lower Assam.
    • Deepor Beel has both biological and environmental importance besides being the only major storm-water storage basin for Guwahati city.
  • It is considered one of the staging sites for migratory birds in India; and some of the large congregations of aquatic birds in Assam during winter.
  • Because of the richness of avian fauna it enjoys, Deepor Beel has been selected as one of the Important Bird Area (IBA) sites by Birdlife International.
  • Deepor Beel has also been designated as a Ramsar Site in November 2002.
    • Sur Sarovar is located in Uttar Pradesh.
    • Loktak Lake is located in Manipur.
    • Rudrasagar Lake is in Tripura.
  • Hence, option B is correct.
QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements regarding Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme.

1. The PLI scheme aims to boost domestic manufacturing and cut down on imports by providing cash incentives on incremental sales from products manufactured in India.

2. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is the single nodal ministry for the implementation of the PLI scheme.

3. Adding any new sector for PLI scheme will require approval of the Union Cabinet.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:

Production-linked incentive scheme (PLI), instituted in April 2020 for large-scale electronics manufacturing in India, has gained significant traction over the past year. It offers a simple and direct incentive based on incremental sales, designed to boost domestic manufacturing and attract large investments in mobile phone and specified electronic component manufacturing units. In November 2020, the PLI scheme was extended to ten more sectors, including food processing, battery storage, automobile components and specialty steel.

The new sectors included under the PLI scheme will be implemented by the respective ministries.

QUESTION: 5

Under the constitution, both Articles 323A and 323B deal with tribunals. Which of the following specifies the difference(s) between the tribunals established by these entities?

1. Tribunals under Article 323 A are established by the Central government, whereas tribunals under Article 323 B are established by the State governments.

2. Tribunal under the former deal with tax and financial matters, whereas tribunals under the later deal with more general matters.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:

While tribunals under Article 323 A can be established only by Parliament, tribunals under Article 323 B (e.g. food stuffs, tenancy etc) can be established both by Parliament and state legislatures with respect to matters falling within their legislative competence.

Under Article 323A, only one tribunal for the Centre and one for each state or two or more states may be established.

There is no hierarchy of tribunals under 323A, whereas under Article 323B a hierarchy of tribunals may be created.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the following statements.

1. Asteroids are rocky objects much smaller than planets, that orbit the Sun.

2. Asteroids were formed after millions of years after the formation of planets and other objects in the solar system.

3. OSIRIS-Rex is European Space Agency’s(ESA) first mission to return a sample from an asteroid.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:

Asteroids are rocky objects that orbit the Sun, much smaller than planets. They are also called minor planets. According to NASA, 994,383 is the count for known asteroids, the remnants from the formation of the solar system over 4.6 billion years ago.

Scientists study asteroids to look for information about the formation and history of planets and the sun since asteroids were formed at the same time as other objects in the solar system. Another reason for tracking them is to look for potentially hazardous asteroids.

OSIRIS-REx mission is NASA’s first mission meant to return a sample from the ancient asteroid.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements.

1. Central government can add or remove a commodity as essential commodity in consultation with state governments, if it is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in public interest, can notify an item as essential.

2. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act 2020 has added cereals, pulses and oilseeds under the purview of the Act.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:

The Centre, if it is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in public interest, can notify an item as essential, in consultation with state governments.

Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 removes foodstuff such as cereals, pulses, potato, onions, edible oilseeds, and oils, from the list of essential commodities, removing stockholding limits on agricultural items produced by Horticulture techniques except under “extraordinary circumstances.

QUESTION: 8

When is the International Nurses Day celebrated?

Solution:

The International Nurses Day is celebrated on May 12, every year to mark the contributions and hard work of nursing staff around the world.

QUESTION: 9

Name the newly sworn in National President of FICCI Ladies Organization (FLO) for 2021-22?

Solution:

Ujjwala Singhania has been appointed as the National President of FICCI Ladies Organization (FLO) for 2021-22.

QUESTION: 10

The International Nurses Day marks the birth anniversary of which social reformer?

Solution:

The International Nurses Day marks the birth anniversary of nursing pioneer Florence Nightingale, who was born on May 12, 1820.