Indus Valley Civilization belongs to which of the following periods?
We know that at some cities of Indus valley civilisation, the gates have written texts as well as there are other evidences of writting. But these text are not deciphered and in very small volume which confirms that writing was in it's initial phase.
The term proto history, in this context, refers to the transition period between the advent of literacy and the writings of the earliest historians. Harappans knew writing but their script remains undeciphered and thus their culture has been termed as proto historical.
Which of the following was one of the three economic pockets of the Indus Civilization?
• The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300-1300 BCE; mature period 2600-1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia it was one of three early civilizations of the Old World, and of the three the most widespread It flourished in the basins of the Indus River, one of the major rivers of Asia, and the Ghaggar-Hakra River, which once coursed through northwest India and eastern Pakistan.
• At its peak, the Indus Civilization may have had a population of over five million. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in handicraft (carnelian products, seal carving) and metallurgy (copper, bronze, lead, and tin). The Indus cities are noted for their urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, and clusters of large non-residential buildings.
Which of the following cannot be considered Proto Harappan Culture?
Proto Harappan cultures are the pre-Harappan cultures, which also have some of the features of the mature Harappan phase.
Thus, all proto Harappan cultures are pre Harappan ones, but all pre Harappan cultures are not proto Harappan cultures.
Who among the following named the Indus Civilization as the ‘Harappan Civilization’ after the name of the Indus site of Harappa?
According to the latest excavations, Manda is the______site of the Indus Civilization?
Which of the following domesticated animals was absent in the terracottas of the Indus civilization?
Which of the following birds was worshipped by the Harappan people?
They worshipped the bird Pigeon. The worship of mythical animals is evident from the existence of a human figure with a bull's horns, hoofs and a tail. Besides animals, these people also worshipped the Sun, the Fire and the Water.
One of the Indus sites has the uniqueness of having double burials i.e. the practice of burying a male and a female together in a single grave.Pick it out from among the following?
Match the following:
Who said, “The Indus Civilization perished as a result of internal decay accelerated by the shock of barbarian raids”?
Which of the following materials was mainly used in the manufacturing of Harappan seals?
Most of the seals were made of steatite, which is a kind of soft stone. A few of them were also made of terracotta, gold, agate, chert, ivory and faience. The standard Harappan seal was square in shape with a 2X2 dimension. It is believed that the seals were used for commercial purposes.
Which of the following is used in the floor of the Great Bath, besides burnt bricks and mortar?
Which of the following is the most striking Character of the Indus Valley Civilization?
The remarkable thing about the arrangement of the houses in the cities is that they followed the following system:
By 2600 BC, Mohenjodaro and Harappa are the major cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, which were built with blocks divided by a grid of straight streets and running north-south and east-west. Each block was subdivided into small lanes.
Which statement on the origins of the Harappan civilisation is probably most correct?
Which of the following has a platform inside the citadel with fire-altars on top of it?
The site Kalibangan has a citadel complex of KLB-1 which is roughly a parallelogram (240 by 120 metres) divided into two equal parts with a partition wall and surrounded by a rampart with bastions and salients.
Lothal, one of the most prominent cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, located in the Bhal region of the modern state of Gujarat, has two primary zones – the upper and the lower town.
Kalingam had a similar town planning like that of Mohenjadaro. Fire altars have been discovered, similar to those found at Lothal .
Which of the following evidences of Indus Valley Civilization suggests that the Aryans could not have originated in the Harappan age?
The aryans were known as cattle bearers and nomadic people hence. Whereas, the Harappan civilization had many urban centers like Mohenjo-Daro.
So, option C is correct.
By far the best evidence to ascertain the date of Harappan civilization is
Give chronological order of their discovery
So the correct order will be:- 1,3,2,4
Lothal, a prominent site of Indus Valley Civilization, is situated in
Lothal is one of the southernmost cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, located in the Bhal region of the modern state of Gujarat and first inhabited in 3700 BCE.
Pick out the two cities from among the following where the lower town is also fortified
The site Kalibangan – literally means 'black bangles' - derives its name for the dense distribution of the fragments of black bangles which were found at the surface of its mounds.
Surkotada which is located in Bhuj area of Gujarat was excavated in 1972. The Harappans came to Surkotada around 2300 BC, and built a fortified citadel and residential annex which was made of mud brick, mud lumps and rubble containing houses with bathrooms and drains.
Post-Harappan culture has been found in
Which period falls into the geological period called Pleistocene?
The Paleolithic coincides almost exactly with the Pleistocene epoch of geologic time, which lasted from 2.6 million years ago to about 12,000 years ago. This epoch experienced important geographic and climatic changes that affected human societies.
Who among the following referred to Indus Valley Civilization as the Harappan culture?
This archaeological site consist of a number of low archaeological mounds created by generations of superimposed mudbrick structures. Located close to the mouth of the Bolan Pass, it was abandoned by the time of the emergence of the literate urbanised phase of the Indus Civilisation. An entry in the UNESCO tentative list, it is?
Which of the following animals are represented on the seal depicting the male deity (Pasupati Mahadeva) in the Indus Valley Civilization?
The beginning of agriculture can be ascribed most suitably to which of these times?
With reference to the Indus Valley civilization, consider the following statements:
1. Indus valley civilization was the biggest exporter of semi-precious stones and a major importer of agricultural
2. Fishing was a regular occupation while hunting and bull fighting were banned.
3. Linga worship was prevalent and even natural figures like trees were worshipped.
4. Lothal was an important point of trade between the Harappan civilization and the remaining part of India as well as Mesopotamia.
Statement 1: Gold, copper, tin and several semi-precious stones were imported. Main exports were
several agricultural products such as wheat, barely, peas, oil seeds etc.
Statement 2: Hunting and bull fighting were common pastimes, not banned. Marbles, balls and dice were also used for games.
Statement 3: The chief female deity was the Mother Goddess represented in terracotta figurines. In latter times, Linga worship was prevalent. Trees and animals were also worshipped by the Harappans. They also believed in ghosts and evil forces and used amulets as protection against them.
Statement 4: Lothal is an important Harappan centre.
Our knowledge of the Harappan civilization is based on the archaeological evidence alone because:
1. Harappans maintained all official works in palmscripts that are subject to organic decay.
2. No written scripts from the Harappans have been obtained in excavations.
Which of the above is/are correct?
Harappans knew how to write and most of their seals contain some form of script. But, unfortunately no one has yet been able to decipher that script. Various types of utensils, toys, seals, figurines have been excavated from different sites that often contain some signs of a written script.
Since Harappans had an expanded trade network, they could not have merely survived writing palmscripts. They must have had a robust system of writing and communication, especially to contact other countries by trade.
Depictions of which of the following cannot be found in Harappan Seals?