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# GC Leong Test: Landforms Of Glaciation - 2

## 10 Questions MCQ Test Famous Books for UPSC Exam (Summary & Tests) | GC Leong Test: Landforms Of Glaciation - 2

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QUESTION: 1

### Castle Rock of Edinburg is the classic example of:

Solution:

Crag and Tail: The crag is a mass of hard rock with a precipitous slope on the upstream side, which protects the softer leeward slope from being completely worn down by the oncoming ice.

It, therefore, has a gentle tail, strewn with the eroded rock debris. The classic example is the Castle Rock of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Edinburgh Castle is located on the crag and the High Street on the tail.

QUESTION: 2

### Consider the following statements about erratics. 1. They are called erratics because they are composed of materials entirely different from those of the region in which they are found 2. Such erratics are most useful in tracing the source and direction of the ice movement Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:
• They are called erratics because they are composed of materials entirely different from those of the region in which they are found. Such erratics are thus most useful in tracing the source and direction of the ice movement.

• Sometimes the erratics may be found perched in precarious positions just as the ice dropped them and they are then termed perched blocks.

• Examples of such blocks are commonly encountered in both lowland and highland areas in Europe, e.g. Silurian grits are found perched on the Pennines' Carboniferous Limestone. Their presence in large numbers is a hindrance to farming.

QUESTION: 3

### Roche moutonnee are found in: 1. Highland glaciated regions 2. Lowland glaciated regions Choose from the following options.Roche moutonnee are found in Highland glaciated regions; Lowland glaciated regions

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements about Boulder clay.

1. This is an unsorted glacial deposit comprising a range of eroded materials

2. It is spread out in mounds

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:

Boulder clay or glacial till:

• This is an unsorted glacial deposit comprising a range of eroded materials -boulders, angular stones, sticky clay and fine rock flour.

• It is spread out in sheets, not mounds, and forms gently undulating till or drift plains. The landform is rather monotonous and featureless.

• The degree of fertility of such glacial plains depends very much on the composition of the depositional materials. Some of the boulder clay plains such as East Anglia and the northern Mid-West of U.S.A. form rich arable lands.

QUESTION: 5

These are swarms of oval, elongated 'whale-back hummocks composed wholly of boulder clay, with their elongation in the direction of the ice flow, that is on the downstream side. They are low hills varying from a few yards to 400 feet in height and maybe a mile or two long. They appear a little steeper at the onset side and taper off at the leeward end. They are:

Solution:

QUESTION: 6

Terminal moraines are made up of the coarse debris deposited at the edge of the:

Solution:

Terminal moraines are made up of the coarse debris deposited at the edge of the Ice sheet

QUESTION: 7

Knob and kettle topography is associated with:

Solution:

Outwash plains: These are made up of fluvioglacial deposits washed out from the terminal moraines by the stagnant ice mass's streams and channels.

• The melt-waters sort and redeposit the material in various forms from the low hilly heathlands, such as the Luneburg Heath of the North European Plain, to undulating plains terraces, alluvial fans and deltaic deposits of the melt-water streams make up the landscape.

• Kames, small rounded hillocks of sand and gravel may cover part of the plain. The deposition takes the form of alternating ridges and depressions, the latter may contain kettle lakes and give rise to characteristic 'knob and kettle' topography.

QUESTION: 8

Consider the following statements about transhumance.

1. Glacial drifts in the valleys and benches or alps which were not affected by glaciers have good pastures during winter

2. Cattle are driven up to graze on the grass and return to the valley bottom in summer

Which of these statements are not correct?

Solution:
• Soils that do exist are so thin that they are incapable of supporting effective agriculture.

• Glacial drifts in the valleys and benches or alps which were not affected by glaciers have good pastures during summer.

• Cattle are driven up to graze on the grass and return to the valley bottom in winter. This form of animal-migration type of farming is called transhumance.

QUESTION: 9

Consider the following statements.

1. Morainic deposits may dam, or glaciers may hollow out, lakes which greatly inconvenience large scale farming or land development

2. But when the lakes are eliminated, the old glacial lake beds with their rich alluvium support heavy cropping

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Solution:
• Morainic deposits may dam, or glaciers may hollow out, lakes which greatly inconvenience large scale farming or land development.

• But when the lakes are eliminated, the old glacial lake beds with their rich alluvium support heavy cropping

QUESTION: 10

Glacial influences on men's economic activities depend upon:

1. Intensity of glaciation

2. Relief of the region

3. Erosional or depositional nature

Choose from the following options

Solution:
• Though the Ice Ages were at their height over 30,000 years ago, the effects of glaciation on both landforms and human activities profoundly influence many parts of the world today.

• Their most striking impact is felt in the temperate regions of Europe and North America which were once under continental ice sheets.

• Further south and on the high mountains worldwide, slow-moving glaciers are still shaping the landscape in the Alps, Andes, Rockies and Himalayas.

• Glacial influences on Man's economic activities are both favourable and unfavourable, depending on the intensity of glaciation, the region's relief, and whether the effects are of an erosional or depositional nature.