A new state can be formed by the Parliament under :
Article 3: Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.-Parliament may by law-
(a) form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State;
(b) increase the area of any State;
(c) diminish the area of any State;
(d) alter the boundaries of any State;
(e) alter the name of any State.
Elections were introduced in India by which act of British Government?
Indian Councils Act of 1909, also called Morley-Minto Reforms, series of reform measures enacted in 1909 by the British Parliament, the main component of which directly introduced the elective principle to membership in the imperial and local legislative councils in India.
Match List I (Item in the Indian Constitution) with List II (Country from which it was derived and select the correct answer
Below the options are given in the A B C D order
Borrowed features from different countries
A quasi-federal form of government —a federal system with a strong central government
Distribution of powers between the central government and state governments
Residual powers retained by the central government
Constitution of the United States
Preamble; Fundamental Rights; Federal structure of government; Electoral College; Independence of the judiciary and separation of powers among the three branches of the government; Judicial review; President as Supreme Commander of Armed Forces
Equal protection under the law
Irish constitution (Ireland)
Directive Principles of State Policy; Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha; Method of Election of President
Freedom of trade and commerce within the country and between the states
Power of the national legislature to make laws for implementing treaties, even on matters outside normal Federal jurisdiction
The Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution deals with the administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes in the four states of
The Sixth Schedule deals with the administration and control of the tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
Which among the following is NOT matched properly:
Concept of “Republic” and the Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity (contained in the Preamble) was adopted from France.
The provisions of a Federation with a strong centre, Residuary powers of the Centre, appointment of State governors by the Centre and the advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, have all been borrowed from the Canadian constitution.
Prohibition of discrimination on grounds as provided in Article 15 of the Constitution is a fundamental right classifiable under:
Article 15: A fundamental right in the Indian constitution prohibits the discrimination by the state against any citizen on grounds only of caste, religion, sex, race and place of birth. The use of world only means that discrimination on other grounds is not prohibited.
Which among the following must be passed by both the houses by a special majority?
A Constitution Amendment Bill under article 368 can be introduced in either House of Parliament and has to be passed by each House by special majority.
The Institution of Speaker and Deputy speaker originated in India under the provision of
The institutions of Speaker and Deputy Speaker originated in India in 1921 under the provisions of the Government of India Act of 1919 (Montague–Chelmsford Reforms). At that time, the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker were called the President and Deputy President respectively and the same nomenclature continued till 1947.
The Vote on Account is passed:
A provision has been made in the Constitution empowering the Lok Sabha to make any grant in advance through a vote on account to enable the Government to carry on until the voting of demands for grants and the passing of the Appropriation Bill and Finance Bill.
Normally, the vote on account is taken for two months for a sum equivalent to one sixth of the estimated expenditure for the entire year under various demands for grants. Vote on account is passed by Lok Sabha after the general discussion on the Budget is over and before the discussion on demands for grants is taken up.
Which act is the ‘Act for the Good Government of India’?
The Government of India Act 1858, marked the beginning of new chapter in the constitutional history of India. The Act known as the Act for the Good Government of India, provided for liquidation of East India Company, and transferred the powers of government, territories and revenues to the British Crown.
Who is called the ‘Father of Communal electorate’?
Act of 1909 introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of separate electorate. Under this the Muslim members were to be elected only by Muslim voters. Thus the act legalised communalism and Lord Minto came to be known as Father of communal Electorate.
By which amendment of the Constitution, Article 323A (Administrative tribunals) & Article 323B (Tribunals for other matters) in a new part XIV A was inserted in the Indian Constitution?
Constitution (42nd) Amendment added a new part XIVA to the Constitution for Tribunals: Administrative Tribunals (Art 323A) and Tribunals for other purpose (Art 323B).
In which case Supreme Court has declared the Preamble as the part of the constitution?
Consider the following statements:
Assertion (A): The Parliament can redraw the political map of India according to its will
Reason (R): The territorial integrity of any state is not guaranteed by the Constitution
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Consider the following about Finance Commission:
1. It considers applications for grants-in-aid from States.
2. It supervises and reports on whether the Union and State governments are levying taxes in accordance with the budgetary provisions.
Which statement is INCORRECT?
Correct Answer :- a
Explanation : The correct statement is :
a) As per the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission, grants-in-aid constitute 12% of the central transfers to states. The 14th Finance Commission had recommended grants to states for three purposes: (i) disaster relief, (ii) local bodies, and (iii) revenue deficit.
b) One might argue that if the division of net proceeds of taxes is as per the principle devised by the FC formula, it would ensure transparency. But Finance Commission’s recommendations are not binding on the government. Hence the word “ensure” is improper. Also, as per UPSC 2011 key, this statement is INCORRECT.
Who decides the reasonableness of the restrictions placed on Fundamental rights in India?
Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution are not absolute and certain restrictions can be imposed by the state according to the procedure established by law. However, these restrictions must be reasonable and not arbitrary. The reasonableness of the restrictions is decided by courts.
Consider the following statements:
1. The Constitution of India is federal.
2. It has provided to the Central Government more powers than the state government.
Which is a correct statement?
Consider the following and choose the correct option:
1. The President can pardon death sentence while Governor cannot.
2. The President can pardon sentences inflicted by court martial while the Governor cannot.
1. The President can pardon sentences inflicted by court martial (military courts) while the governor cannot.
2. The President can pardon death sentence while governor cannot. Even if a state law prescribes death sentence, the power to grant pardon lies with the President and not the governor. However, the governor can suspend, remit or commute a death sentence.
The Chairman of the UPSC holds the office for a term of:
The Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by The President of India. Usually, the Commission consists of 9 to 11 members including the chairman. Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years.
A Joint Public Service Commission can be created by:
A Joint State Public Service Commission (JSPSC) can be created by an act of the Parliament on the request of the Legislature of the State concerned.
Which year is related to Berubari Case?
The Supreme Court in the Berubari Union case (1960) held that the Preamble is not a part of the Constitution.
President’s rule is imposed in a state under:
Article 356 state that the president can invoke president rule in a state on the report of the governor if the state machinery/legislature fails to abide by constitutional norms.
The words ‘socialist’ and ‘secular’ were added to the Preamble by:
The 42nd Amendment (enacted during the emergency by Indian National Congress) changed the description of India from a "sovereign democratic republic" to a "sovereign, socialist secular democratic republic", and also changed the words "unity of the nation" to "unity and integrity of the nation".
What is NOT true about the Election Commission?
What is the strength of the Public Accounts Committee?
The Public Accounts Committee has 22 members of which 15 are from Lok Sabha while 7 from Rajya Sabha. The members are “elected” by members of Parliament amongst themselves via a system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote; so that all parties get due representation in it.