Indian Geography - Practice Test (1)

30 Questions MCQ Test Geography (Prelims) by Valor Academy | Indian Geography - Practice Test (1)

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Consider the following Tiger reserves;

1. Kundermukh

2. Bor

3. Pilibhit

4. Achanakmar

Arrange them from North to South direction;


1. Kundermukh- Karnataka

2. Bor- Maharashtra

3. Pilibhit- UP

4. Achanakmar- Chhattisgarh


Consider the following statements regarding National Green Tribunal (NGT)

1. NGT can handle cases related to The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991

2. The Tribunal shall be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

3. It is a federal legislation enacted by the Parliament of India, under India's constitutional provision of Article 21

Q. Which of the above is NOT correct?


The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure,1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.

The NGT has the power to hear all civil cases relating to environmental issues and questions that are linked to the implementation of laws listed in Schedule I of the NGT Act. These include the following:

1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;

2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;

3. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980;

4. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;

5. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986;

6. The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991;

7. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.

This means that any violations pertaining only to these laws, or any order / decision taken by the Government under these laws can be challenged before the NGT. Importantly, the NGT has not been vested with powers to hear any matter relating to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the Indian Forest Act, 1927 and various laws enacted by States relating to forests, tree preservation etc. Therefore, specific and substantial issues related to these laws cannot be raised before the NGT. You will have to approach the State High Court or the Supreme Court through a Writ Petition (PIL) or file an Original Suit before an appropriate Civil Judge of the taluk where the project that you intend to challenge is located.


Consider the following statements with respect to National Parks;

1. The constitution of National Park in India can only be done by Central Government

2. Abolition of National Park can be done by State Legislation

Select the correct codes


In most countries, only national or federal government can constitute national parks, but inIndia, state governments have the power to constitute national parks. In fact, national parks can only be constituted or abolished through state legislation, whereas wild sanctuaries are created through an order of a competent authority, who can be the chief conservator of forests or a minister of a state. Thus, it is evident that national parks have greater degree of permanency than a wildlife sanctuary


Consider the following species;

1. Markhor

2. Brown palm civet

3. Yellow Fronted Barbet

4. Ovaria Lurida

Q. Which of the above is/are endemic to INDIA?


The brown palm civet (Paradoxurus jerdoni) also called the Jerdon's palm civet is a palm civet endemic to the Western Ghats of India.


Consider the following statements regarding Sacred Grooves.

1) It is a nature worship which is an age old belief based on the premise that all the creations of the mother Nature have to be protected.

2) It is recognized under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Choose the correct statement/s from the following code.


Prior to 2002 these forest regions were not recognized under any of the existing laws. But in 2002 an amendment was brought in Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 to include Sacred Grooves under the act.


If you are travelling through Eastern Himalayas, which of the following you will encounter?

1. Golden Langur

2. Takin

3. Black Bear

Select the answer using the code given below:


Endemic to northeast India and Bhutan, golden langurs are one of the world's most endangered primates. In Assam, most of their population is outside protected areas. Long-term survival of populations depends on genetic exchange. However, much of the golden langur population occurs in fragmented forests.
The takin, also called cattle chamois or gnu goat, is a large species of ungulate of the subfamily Caprinae found in the eastern Himalayas. 
The Himalayan black bear (Ursus thibetanus laniger) is a subspecies of the Asian black bear found in the Himalayas of India, Bhutan, Nepal, China and Pakistan.


Which of the following is/are tributary/tributaries of Bhramaputra?

1. Dibang

2. Kameng

3. Lohit

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


All three rivers are tributaries of Brahmaputra


Consider the following rivers;

1. Vamsadhara

2. Indravati

3. Pranahita’

4. Pennar

Which of the above are the tributaries of Godavari?


Which of the following regions of India has a combination of mangrove forest, evergreen forest and deciduous forest?


North Andaman- Wet evergreen forest

Middle Andaman – Moist deciduous forest

Littoral and mangrove forests are also found in Andaman


Which of the following National Parks has a climate that varies from tropical to subtropical, temperate and artic?


Namdapha National park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot in Arunachal Pradesh. The habitat changes wit hincreasing altitude from tropical moist forests to Montane forests, temperate forests and at the higher elevations to alpine meadows and perennial snow.


In India, in which one of the following types of forests is teak a dominant tree species?


The Tropical Moist Deciduous are typical monsoon forests with teak and sal as dominant species.


Which of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the “Ten-degree channel.”?


Which of the following has coral reefs?

1. Andaman and Nicobar

2. Gulf of Kutch

3. Gulf of Mannar

4. Sunderbans

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


Due to large depositional activity, Sundarban has no coral reefs.


Consider the following rivers;

1. Barak 

2. Lohit

3. Subansiri

Which of the above flow/flows through Arunachal Pradesh?


Barak is one of the major rivers of south Assam which rises in Manipur and flows through Mizoram and Assam.


If you travel through the Himalayas, you are likely to see which of the following plants naturally grown there?

1. Oak

2. Rhododendron

3. Sandalwood

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


Sandalwood is a threatened species indigenous to South India and grows in the Western Ghats and a few other mountain ranges such as Kalrayan and Shevaroy hills.


Which of the following statements is/are correct?

I. Mumbai receives more rainfall than Pune because it is located at  the windward side of Western Ghats

II. Vidarbha region experiences semi-arid climate as it is located in a rain shadow region

III. In India monsoon reaches Kashmir valley at the last

Select the correct answer using the code given below :


Pune is on the leeward side of the Western Ghats, it means that it lies in a rain shadow area. But Mumbai lies on the windward side and receives heavy rainfall. Vidarbha region experiences semi – arid climate as it is located in a rain shadow region.


South-West monsoon contributes to India’s total rainfall up to the extent of      


Southwest Monsoon accounts for around 85% of India’s total rainfall.


Consider the following statements with regard to cold waves in winter season in northern India: 

1. There is a lack of maritime influence.

2. Northern India is nearer to the Himalayan region.

3. Air mass comes from polar regions to northern India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?


In northern India, there is light rainfall during winter. This is caused by the cyclonic storms which originate in the Mediterranean Sea and travel towards India. These winds are called western disturbances. They cause heavy snowfall in the higher reaches of the Himalayas and rainfall in the plains. They result in a cold wave in northern India.


Which of the following regions is NOT affected much by the Arabian Sea branch of Monsoon?


Chattisgarh out of the given cities is not affected much by the Arabian Sea branch of Monsoon.


Which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone is a low pressure belt which forms an important zone of contact over Northern India and Pakistan.

2. The Intertropical Convergence Zone invites inflow of winds from different directions.

Select the correct answer using the code given below :


The Inter tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums, is the area encircling the earth near the equator where the northeast and southeast trade winds converge.


‘Kal Baisakhi’ gives rainfall to     


During the hot weather period i.e from March to May the Eastern and North-eastern states of the subcontinent like West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha (parts) and Bangladesh experience a dramatic appearance of a special type of violent thunderstorm known as Nor’wester. In Bengal it is known as ‘Kal Baisakhi’ Apart from its destructive effects like sudden rise in wind speed, lightning, thunder and hail the rainfall associated with the storm although small in amount, is extremely helpful for the pre-Kharif crops like jute, paddy, summer till and a large number of vegetables and fruits and the sudden drop in temperature gives relief after unbearable midday heat.


Consider the following statements :

1. In the coastal regions, the land breeze blows over to the sea during night.

2. In the coastal regions, during night, the air over the sea is warmer than the air over land.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


Land heats and cools more rapidly than the sea. During the day the land gets heated and the air over the land being hotter and lighter than that over the sea, a low pressure area is created over the land.The hot air rises and cool air from the sea reaches towards the land, which is referred as sea breeze. At night the land rapidly loses its heat faster than the sea. The air over the sea is therefore warmer and lighter than over the land and a breeze blows but from the land towards the sea.


Which one of the following regions has been classified as the ‘Western Dry Region’ ? 


Rajasthan dry region is a western dry region classified by the Planning Commission.


Consider the following statements regarding El Nino effect on Indian Monsoon :

1. The surface temperature goes up in the Southern Pacific Ocean  and there is deficient rainfall in India.

2. The Walker Circulation shifts eastward from its normal position and reduces monsoon rainfall in India.

Which of the statements given above are correct?


El Nino is the name given to the warm ocean currents along the Pacific coast of South America that arise every few years at about Christmas time. The El Nino phenomenon is a part of a chain of meteorological events that extends from the eastern Pacific to northern Australia, Indonesia and into the heartland of India. There is a rather weak correlation between El Nino and the Indian monsoon rains.


As per Koppen’s classification of climate, which one of the following is the suitable description of North-East India including North Bengal? 


As per koppen's classification of climate, North East India including North Bengal has Humid Sub - tropical climate with dry winter.


As an ecosystem, wetlands are useful for which of the following?


Wetlands comprise shallow ponds and marshy areas, covers almost entirely in aquatic vegetation. It provides both storm water attenuation and treatment as it detain flows for an extended period to allow sediments to settle,
and to remove contaminants by facilitating adhesion to
vegetation and aerobic decomposition.


Consider the following regions of India

1. Western Ghats

2. Aravali Hills

3. Eastern Himalayas

Which of the above is/are biodiversity hotspots/hot spots?


India is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity. This natural variation in life is also reflected in the demography of the land. Aravali hills is not a biodiversity hotspot.


The Ramsar convention is associated with the conservation of 


The Convention on Wetlands is known as Ramsar Convention. The Convention was named after the Iranian city of Ramsar where this intergovernmental treaty was adopted in 1971. The treaty came into force in 1975. Ramsar convention provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.


Sustainable development is a case of intergenerational sensibility in respect of use of    


Sustainable development is the type of development that fulfils the criteria of meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.


The transitional zone between two distinct communities is known as     


The transitional zone between two different communities is known as ecotone. It has some of the characteristics of each bordering biological community and often contains species not found in the overlapping communities.

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