Society in 18th century Europe was divided into
Option ( b) estates and orders is the correct answer.
During the eighteenth century the French Society was divided into three groups. These groups were called estates. The three types of groups were :- First estate, Second estate, third estate.
First estate:- Clergy belonged to first estate of the French society. They were holders of land . They intervened into politics of the state. They had become pleasure loving.
Second estate:- Nobility belong to the 2 nd estate of the French society. They were also free from taxes. Luxury and pleasure were the main Features of their life.
The third estate of the French society was further divided into three categories. Big businessmen, merchants, court officials, lawyers etc. This class was well educated. Their financial condition was good. Members of the third state had to pay all types of taxes.
Which one of the following was one of the three demands that ‘Vladimir Lenin' proposed in his April Theses?
So he put forward three demands, called as Lenin's 'April Theses'.
(i) The war to be brought to an end and Russia should withdraw itself from the war.
(ii) Land to be transferred to the peasants, thus feudalism to be banned.
(iii) Banks be nationalised.
Which of the following statements is true about the liberals in the 19th/20th century?
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed and equality before the law.
In 19th century Europe, conservatives:
In the context of Russia, Duma refers to which of the following:
The fall of the monarchy in February 1917 and the events of October are normally called the French Revolution.
Russian Revolution: Fall of monarchy in February 1917 and events of October normally called the Russian revolution. Tsar Nicholas ruled Russia in 1914.
Liberals were opposed to
Which of the following titles is associated with the Russian ruler?
Which of the following ideas was not given by Lenin about the peasants?
On which of the following issues did liberals and Radicals defer?
Liberals (i) Liberals were one of the groups which looked to change society. They wanted a 'secular' nation which tolerated all religions. (ii) They opposed religious discrimination and uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. They wanted to safe guard the rights of individual. (iii) They wanted a representative, elected Parliamentary Government and a well trained judiciary that was independent of rulers and officials. (iv) They did not believe in universal adult franchise. They did not want the vote for women and felt only men of property should have the vote.
Radicals (i) They wanted a government based on the majority of a country's population. They supported universal adult suffrage, including the vote for women. (ii) Unlike liberals, they opposed the privileges of great landowners and wealthy factory owners. (iii) They were not against the existence of private p roperty, but opposed concentration of property in the hands of a few.