Organization /Bodies/ NGOs


7 Questions MCQ Test | Organization /Bodies/ NGOs


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This mock test of Organization /Bodies/ NGOs for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 7 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Organization /Bodies/ NGOs (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Organization /Bodies/ NGOs quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Organization /Bodies/ NGOs exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Organization /Bodies/ NGOs extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

How is the National Green Tribunal (NGT) different from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)?
1) The NGT has been established by an Act whereas the CPCB has been created by an executive order of the Government.
2) The NGT provides environmental justice and helps reduce the burden of litigation in the higher courts whereas the CPCB promotes cleanliness of streams and wells, and aims to improve the quality of air in the country.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

Explanation: Both NGT and CPCB are statutory bodies i.e. established by acts NGT is established by NGT ACT itself where as CPCB, is statutory organisation, was constituted in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. Hence option 1 is wrong One of the main objectives of establishing NGT:
The Tribunal’s dedicated jurisdiction in environmental matters shall provide speedy environmental justice and help reduce the burden of litigation in the higher courts.
Principal functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, to

  1. Promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and
  2. Improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.

Hence option 2 is correct
Educational Objective:
to have knowledge about the functions of various environmental organisations in India.

QUESTION: 2

Which one of the following Union Ministries is implementing the Biodiesel Mission (as Nodal Ministry)?​

Solution:

Explanation: Biodiesel Mission was launched by Government of India in 2007 to encourage the use of biodiesel. Ministry of Rural Development was made as the nodal ministry for the implementation of this mission Government of India has comeup with National Biofuel Policy In 2018.

Educational Objective: To have idea about various policies and Missions of the Government and about their implementation ministries.

QUESTION: 3

How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture?
1) NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.
2) NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.
3) Applicati0on for Intellectual Property Rights related to genetic/biological resources cannot be made without the approval of NBA.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

Explanation: National Biodiversity Authority.

  • Established in 2003 to implement India’s Biological Diversity Act (2002) ·
  • Statutory, Autonomous Body
  • Headquarters: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Functions

  • The Act covers conservation, use of biological resources and associated knowledge occurring in India for commercial or research purposes or for the purposes of bio-survey and bioutilisation.
  • It provides a framework for access to biological resources and sharing the benefits arising out of such access and use. 
  • The Act also includes in its ambit the transfer of research results and application for intellectual property rights (IPRs) relating to Indian biological resources.

Educational Objective: to have knowledge about functions and duties of Statutory environmental organisations in India.

QUESTION: 4

With reference to Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), consider the following statements:
1) It is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
2) It strives to conserve nature through action-based research, education and public awareness.
3) It organizes and conducts nature trails and camps for the general public.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

Explanation: BNHS is one of the largest nongovernmental organization (NGO) in India engaged in conservation of nature through actionbased research, education and public awareness. Not a government Institution. Hence option 1 is wrong and option 2 is correct It was founded on 15 September 1883 and headquartered at Hornbill House, Mumbai.

  • It supports many research efforts through grants and publishes the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society.
  • It organizes and conducts nature trails and camps for the general public.(option 3 is correct).
  • Department of Science and Technology has designated it as a ‘Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation’. · BNHS is the partner of Bird Life International in India.

Educational Objective: To know about various NGO’s that are working towards the conservation of nature in India and across the world.

QUESTION: 5

‘Gadgil Committee Report’ and ‘Kasturirangan Committee Report’, sometimes seen in the news, are related to

Solution:

Explanation: Both the committees are related to protection of western ghats by declaring Ecologically Sensitive Area. Hence option D is correct.
Educational Objective: to have idea about various committees that are setup to protect the environment and also to have knowledge about important recommendations of those committees

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following are the key features of ‘National Ganga River Basin Authority’ (NGRBA)?
1) River basin is the unit of planning and management.
2) It spearheads the river conservation efforts at the national level.
3) One of the Chief Ministers of the States through which the Ganga flows becomes the Chairman of NGRBA on rotation basis.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Solution:

Explanation:
‘National Ganga River Basin Authority’ (NGRBA)

Constituted under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD & GR) is the nodal Ministry for the NGRBA Chaired by the Prime Minister and has as its members the Union Ministers concerned, the Chief Ministers of the States through which Ganga flows (hence option 3 is wrong, by elimination answer is option a)
Functions

  • It is a planning, financing, monitoring and coordinating body of the centre and the states.
  • Development of a river basin management  plan.
  • Regulation of activities aimed at prevention, control and abatement of pollution in Ganga to maintain its water quality
  • Maintenance of minimum ecological flows in the river Ganga

Educational Objective: To learn about various initiatives towards the cleaning of River Ganga. Also, about National Ganga Mission.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements:
1) Animal Welfare Board of India is established under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
2) National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body.
3) National Ganga River Basin Authority is chaired by the Prime Minister.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

Solution:

Animal Welfare Board of India

  • It is a statutory body. Established in 1962 under Section 4 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960. Hence 1 is wrong
  • Under Ministry of Environment and Forests
  • HQ Ballabhgarh in Faridabad District
  • It is an advisory body It frames a range of rules on how animals ought to be humanely treated everywhere. National Ganga River Basin Authority
  • Constituted under Section 3(3) of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  • The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD & GR) is the nodal Ministry for the NGRBA
  • Chaired by the Prime Minister and has as its members the Union Ministers concerned, the Chief Ministers of the States through which Ganga flows. Hence option 3 is correct

National Tiger Conservation Authority
It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it under the said Act. Hence option 2 is correct
Educational Objective: to have knowledge about various environmental organisations that are striving to protect the environment.

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