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Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5


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25 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 for UPSC 2022 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 MCQs are made for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 below.
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Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 1

This type consists of two statements, one called ‘Assertion’ (A) followed by another statement called ‘Reason’ (R) and the candidate has to choose one of the four alternatives given below:
Q.

A: The courts can set aside the administrative orders and require the administrator to consider the matter again and pass fresh orders.
R: Administrative acts can err on procedure

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 1

The correct option is B.
Both statements are correct but we cannot say that the second statement is the reason for the first statement.
 

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 2

This type consists of two statements, one called ‘Assertion’ (A) followed by another statement called ‘Reason’ (R) and the candidate has to choose one of the four alternatives given below:

Q.

A: Ombudsman is an official appointed by Parliament who is in charge of receiving petitions from the public.
R: Ombudsman is people's representative.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 3

The control over administration may be made by 1. Legislative 2. Executive 3. Judiciary 4. Cabinet

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 4

Executive control consists of 1. Budget 2. Civil Service Code 3. Parliamentary Committees 4. Audit of Procedure

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 5

The scope of judicial intervention:

1. Abuse of power

2. Error of law

3. Lack of jurisdiction

4. Error of fact-finding

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 5

The correct option is D.
The best-known power of the Supreme Court is judicial review, or the ability of the Court to declare a Legislative or Executive act in violation of the Constitution, is not found within the text of the Constitution itself. The Court established this doctrine in the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803).
Error of a law is a ground on which superior courts can review decisions of inferior courts and administrative decisions makers. Error of law has three forms. Two of these forms of the ground come from common law and are labelled jurisdictional error of law and non jurisdictional error of law.
An error of fact means that you think the judge had the wrong facts or interpreted them incorrectly. With the right information, you think the judge would not have ruled against you, and you want a chance to give the high court that information.
power or jurisdiction which does not at all exist or vest in a court. A court lacks inherent jurisdiction when ... absence of jurisdiction." The Supreme Court held that when the decree is passed by a court which lacked inherent jurisdiction.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 6

In India, if a religious sect/community is given “the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to?

1. It can establish and administer exclusive educational institutions.

2. The President of India automatically nominates a representative of the community to LokSabha.

3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 6

The correct option is C.
2 is obviously wrong, there is no communal representation, seats in LS for anglo indians that too not automatic.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 7

Province in which the Brit ish administrative system was first introduced

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 8

Year of introduction of the office of Collector by British in India was

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 8

A  is the correct option.The Company's rule lasted until 1858, when it was abolished after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. With the Government of India Act 1858, the British government assumed the task of administering India in the new British Raj.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 9

Au tho rit y w ho ordered t he c reatio n of t he pos ts of collector in British days was

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 10

Authority wh o could appoi nt a nd di sm iss In di an subordinates in the districts in Company days was​

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 10

A district collector, often abbreviated to collector, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer in charge of revenue collection and administration of a district in India. Since district collectors are senior-most executive magistrate in the district, the post is also referred to as the district magistrate, and as the office-bearer works under the supervision of a divisional commissioner, the post is also known as deputy commissioner.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 11

Additional function vested with the Collector by the East India Company was

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 12

Period during which the administrative set-up at the lower levels in the districts was formalised

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 13

Action which facilitated the development of the criminal justice system at the district level during British times was the

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 14

Reason for the appointment of a separate District Judge by the British in the 19th Century was

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 15

 Period during which the administrative system at the higher levels was established and developed by the East India Company

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 16

Supervisory officers over Collectors appointed by the Company in Bengal, Bihar and Central Provinces were

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 17

Name for functional commissioners located at Madras supervising the Collectors in respect of their functional areas during Company period was

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 18

Important contribution of the British Legacy to Indian administrative development was

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 19

British legis lation on which Indian Con stitution was modelled

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 19

Correct Answer :- d

Explanation : The Government of Indian Act was passed by the British parliament in 1935 and came into effect in 1937. It was based on a report by a Joint Select Committee, led by Lord Linlithgow, set up the two houses of the British parliament.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 20

Ar ea i n w hich th e Centre an d States have pass ed legislation to enforce Directive Principles is

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 21

Amendment of C onst itution whi c h in corp orated Fundamental Duties is

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 22

Ens ures unif ormi ty in the enf orcem ent of Ci vil and Criminal laws in the country

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 23

Branch of Socialism that influenced India's founding fathers like Pandit Nehru was

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 24

“The State should ensure that the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good”.Location of the above declaration in Indian Constitution is

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 25

Majority required to impeach the President in either House of Parliament is

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 5 - Question 25

A resolution to impeach the president has to be passed by a two-thirds majority of the total number of members of the originating house. It is then sent to the other house. The other house investigates the charges that have been made.

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