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Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4


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Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 1

In presidential government, the Presidents

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 1

President is the head of the state and other union and he have the maximum powers than any other body. In presidental system ,president is independent to take any decision and independent of the legislature.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 2

Who of the following enjoys the rank of Cabinet Minister in Union Cabinet?

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 2

B is the correct option.The Prime Minister of India is the ex-officio chairman of the Planning Commission. The deputy chairman is appointed by the cabinet who enjoys the rank of the cabinet minister.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 3

Which of the following is presided by a non-member?

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 4

The winning candidate in the Election of President of India should secure

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 4

The winning candidate has to secure the required quota of votes to be declared elected, i.e., 50% of valid votes polled +1.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 5

In India, the residuary powers are vested with

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 6

For the election of President of India, a citizen should have completed the age of

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 7

The term of office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 7

The correct option is D.
6 yrs or up to 65 yrs of age (whichever is earlier)

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 8

The Prime Minister of India is

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 8

The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, who also appoints other ministers on the advice of Prime Minister. The Council is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 9

Among the tax revenues of the Union Government, the most important source is

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 9

The Union excise duties are the leading source of revenue for the Central Government and are levied on commo­dities produced within the country (exclu­ding those commodities on which State excise is levied e.g. liquors and narcotic drugs).
The most important commodities from the revenue point of view are sugar, cotton, mill cloth, tobacco, motor spirit, matches and cement.
 

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 10

A presidential ordinance can remain in force

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 10

The correct answer is B as A presidential ordinance can remain in force for 6 months.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 11

When there is a vacancy in the office of the President and the Vice-President at the same time, the office is held temporarily by

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 12

Who held the office of the Vice-President of India for two consecutive terms?

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 12

The correct option is Option A.

Wearing his trademark white panche and white shirt, Naidu took oath in Hindi. He is the 13th person to hold the constitutional post as his predecessor Hamid Ansari and the first vice president S Radhakrishnan had held the post for two consecutive terms.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 13

The parliamentary committee which scrutinises the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 14

Rashtrapati Bhawan was designed by

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 15

The President of India enjoys emergency powers of

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 15

The correct answer is D as The President of India enjoys emergency powers of three types and those are 1.Proclamation of national emergency due to war
2. Proclamation of state emergency due to failure machinery
3. Proclamation of financial emergency due to shaken financial. 

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 16

In case, the President wishes to resign to whom he is to address his resignation letter ?

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 16

The Vice-President of India is the second-highest constitutional office in India after the President. Article 63 of Indian Constitution states that "there shall be a Vice-President of India." The Vice-President acts as President in the absence of the President due to death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations. The Vice-President of India is also ex officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. When a bill is introduced in Rajya Sabha, vice-president decides whether it is a financial bill or not. If he is of the opinion, a bill introduced in the Rajya Sabha is a money bill, he would refer the case to the Speaker of the Lok Sabha for deciding it.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 17

What is the maximum period upto which a proclamation issued by the President under Article 356 of the Constitution and approved/extended by the Parliament may, normally, remain in force?

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 17

Proclamation of President Rule in a state under Article 356 has to be passed in both the houses of parliament within 60 days. And after this, for continuation of President Rule requires parliament approval in every 6 months and this can be done repeatedly till 3 years. President Rule can be extended more than an year only when the Election commission says that election in the state for legislative Assembly can not be conducted in the present scenario.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 18

Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India by

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 19

The President of India is elected by

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 19

The President is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of States and the Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 20

Which one ot the following Presidents of India served for two terms?

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 21

Who is the chief law officer of the Government of India?

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 22

Who was the President of the Republic of India who consistently described Indian secularism as ‘Sarva Dharma Samabhav’?

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 22

The slogan “Sarva Dharma Sama Bhava” was coined by Mahatma Gandhi in pursuit of his dream of HinduMuslim unity. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was the President of the Republic of India who consistently described Indian Secularism as ‘Sarva Dharma Samabhav’.
 

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 23

Which of the following taxes is exclusively and totally assigned to the Central Government by the Constitution ?

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 24

To which of the following Bills the President must accord his sanction without sending it back for fresh consideration ?

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 24

Money Bills are those that are classified under Article 110 (1) of the Constitution of India. The President may either give or withhold his assent to a Money Bill. Under the Constitution, a Money Bill cannot be returned to the House by the President for reconsideration.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 25

Which of the following is the biggest head of non-plan expenditure of Government of India?

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 25

Non-Plan Expenditure constitutes the biggest proportion of the government's total expenditure. The biggest items of Non-Plan Expenditure are interest payments and debt servicing, defence expenditure and subsidies. For defence services, both revenue and capital expenditure are incurred.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 26

The Presidential Government sjf operates on the principle of

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 26

The parliamentary system is based on the principle of cooperation and coordination between the legislative and executive organs while the presidential system is based on the doctrine of separation of powers between the two organs. The Constitution of India has opted for the British Parliamentary System of Government rather than American Presidential System of Government.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 27

The President’s rule is imposed on a State in India, when

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 27

Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers. There are some conditions that the President has to consider before imposing the rule:
 
a) If the President is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
 
b) The state government is unable to elect a leader as chief minister within a time prescribed by the Governor of that state.
 
c) There's a breakdown of a coalition leading to the chief minister having a minority support in the House, and the CM fails to prove majority in the given period of time.
 
d) Loss of majority in the Assembly due to a vote of no-confidence in the House.
 
e) Elections postponed on account of situations like natural disasters, war or epidemic.
 

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 28

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India acts as the chief accountant and auditor for the

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 28

Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India acts as the chief accountant and auditor for Union and State Governments.

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 29

To whom can a case of dispute in the election of the President of India be referred to?

Detailed Solution for Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 29

The correct answer is C as he supreme court of India is authorised by the Constitution of India to make solutions in case of disputes in the election of the President of India.
 

Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 4 - Question 30

The ‘residuary powers’ (not mentioned in the Union, State or Concurrent lists of the Constitution) are vested in

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