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Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3


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Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 1

The Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental Defence Association (1893) was started by

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 2

Which of the following was not a Moderate

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 3

By the end of the 19th century, many Indian leaders were helping Indians regain their self-respect and selfconfidence. Who said “The only hope of India is from the masses. The upper classes are physically and morally dead”?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 3

B is the correct option.The statement - “The only hope of India is from the masses. The upper classes are physically and morally dead.” - was made by Swami Vivekananda in the context of the need for mass action by the Indian people.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 4

A nationalist was arrested in 1897 on the charge of spreading hatred and disaffection against the government and sentenced to 18 months’ rigorous imprisonment. He became a living symbol of self-sacrifice. This leader was

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 5

Lord Curzon partitioned Bengal on

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 6

The first Indian leader to undergo imprisonment in 1882 was

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 6

The correct answer is C as played a key role in drafting the constitution of INC & in framing the Swaraj Constitution.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 7

Who is regarded as the first nationalist leader to seek close contact with the masses?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 8

In the late 1880’s why was B.G. Tilak not on good terms with G.K. Gokhale and Agarkar?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 8

The correct option is C.
In 1880 Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Gopal Ganesh Agarkar established the New English School, one of the first native-run schools offering Western education in Pune.In 1884 they created the Deccan Education Society with Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi, V. S. Apte, V. B. Kelkar, M. S. Gole and N. K. Dharap
In 1885, the society established Fergusson College, named after the then Governor of Bombay presidency Sir James Fergusson. The college was initially operated out of Gadre Wada in Shaniwar peth area of Pune. At its inception, the college was the first indigenously run higher-education institution in Pune. In its early years Tilak and Agharkar served as academic staff. Congress party leader, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and social reformer, Dhondo Keshav Karve were also life members of the society and taught at the college in the 1890s

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 9

A systematic critique of Moderate politics was emerging in the 1890’s in

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 10

Moderate politics were criticized in 1893-94 in a series of articles entitled New Lamps for Old written by

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 11

Which extremist leader opined ‘we will not achieve any success in our labours if we croak once a year like a frog’?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 12

Which of the following was not associated with Madras Extremism after 1905?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 12

The correct option is C.
Factionalism was particularly acute in the Punjab, with three groups within the Lahore Brahmo Samaj, a major split within the Aryas, and a conflict between Lala Harkishan LaI and Lala Lajpat Rai. Washbrook has tried to analyse Madras politics in terms of a triangular conflict between the V. Bhashyam Iyengar and S. Subramania Iyer in the 1880s, followed by V. Krishnaswami Iyer-the 'in' group, according to him, its Iess succcssful 'Egmore' rivals. also Madras city based (C. Sankaran Nair, Kasturi Ranga Iyengar), and mofussil 'outs' Iike T. Prakasam and Krishna Rao in coastal Andhra or Chid- ambaram Pillai in Tuticorin who allied with some 'Egmore' politicians to constitute Madras Extremism after 1905.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 13

On the day Bengal was partitioned in 1905 who laid the foundation of a Federation Hall (to mark the indestruc tible unity of Bengal) at Calcutta?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 14

The Swadeshi and Boycott movement was a direct result of the partition of Bengal. Foreign cloth was burnt and indigenous industries (soap and match factories, insurance companies) were opened. Who organised the famous Bengal Chemical Swadeshi Stores?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 15

In 1906 a National College was started in Calcutta. Who was its principal?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 16

Which of the following joined the Swadeshi movement?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 16

The correct answer is D as all the given leaders  joined the Swadeshi movement

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 17

Which of the following brought out the weekly Sanjivani which first suggested boycott of British goods?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 18

Match the following journals with their founders: 

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 19

Which of the following was not a militant nationalist?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 20

Which of the following nationalist leaders was not deported in 1908?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 21

Which of the following nationalist leaders was arrested in 1908 and given the sentence of 6 years’ imprisonment?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 22

Which of the following remarked “Political freedom is the life breath of a nation”?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 23

The militant nationalists asked people not to cooperate with the government and to boycott government service, courts, schools and colleges. The attitude/call is referred to as

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 24

The militant nationalists used swadeshi and antipartition agitation to

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 25

Why did the militant nationalist movement (1905- 1919) fail?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 26

Referring to the partition of Bengal (1905), who said “After the partition, people saw that petitions must be backed up by force, and that they must be capable of suffering“?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 27

What factor resulted in the growth of revolutionary terrorism?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 28

In 1904, which of the following organised the Abhinaw Bharat, a secret society of revolutionaries?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 29

The revolutionaries copied the methods of the Russian Nihilists and the Irish terrorists of assassinating unpopular officials. A beginning was made in 1897 when the Chapekar brothers killed two British officials at

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 29

B is the correct option.On 22 June 1897, brothers Damodar Hari Chapekar and Balkrishna Hari Chapekar assassinated a British official Walter Charles Rand and his military escort Lieutenant Ayerst at Pune, Maharashtra. This was the first case of militant nationalism in India after the 1857 Revolt.

In 1897, Chapekar brothers assassinated the W. A. Rand and his military Lieutenant Ayerst at Pune, Maharashtra.
 

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 3 - Question 30

Which of the following newspapers did not advocate revolutionary terrorism after 1905?

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