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Test: Acids, Bases & Salts


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20 Questions MCQ Test Science Class 10 | Test: Acids, Bases & Salts

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts for Class 10 2022 is part of Science Class 10 preparation. The Test: Acids, Bases & Salts questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Test: Acids, Bases & Salts MCQs are made for Class 10 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts below.
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Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 1

Bases generate hydroxide__________ ions in water.

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 1

Bases generate hydroxide ions or OH- ions in water. Thus option C is correct

 

 

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 2

'Litmus', a natural dye, is an extract of which of the following?

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 2 Litmus', a natural dye extracted from Lichen which is a composite organism emerges from algae.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 3

The acid present in the body of a red ant is

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 3 An ant is known as Formica in Latin.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 4

Carbon dioxide reacts with calcium hydroxide to form calcium carbonate and water. Ca(OH)2 + CO2 → CaCO3 + O. This reaction is known as

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 4

It is an example of a neutralization reaction in which an acid (carbon dioxide) reacts with base (calcium hydroxide) to form salt and water.

 

 

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 5

Borax is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 5 Borax is often used for several closely related minerals or compounds that differ in the crystal water content anhydrous borax, borax pentahydrate, borax decahydrate(general name of borax).

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 6

Which of the following is known as soda ash?

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 6 Sodium carbonate is known as soda ash or washing soda Na2CO3 • 10H2O. It is the sodium salt of carbonic acid. It is white hygroscopic in nature and has an alkaline taste. It is used as a water softener.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 7

Assertion: Metal Oxides react with acids to form salt and water.

Reason: Most of the metal oxides are acidic in nature.

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 7

Metal oxides react with acid to form salt and water because most of the metal oxides are basic or amphoteric in nature.

 

 

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 8

Some alkali metal salts are coloured Na2CrO4 —yellow, KMnO4- pink, K2MnO4 -green. It is due to:

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 9

An aqueous solution of NaCl is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 9 NaCl is a neutral salt formed by the reaction between strong acid HCl and strong base NaOH. The reaction occurs as follows.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 10

Which of the following is a natural indicator?

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 10 Natural indicators are obtained from natural sources. All of the above examples are natural indicators. A solution of china rose turns green in a basic solution and bright pink or magenta in an acidic solution. Morning glories contain an anthocyanin called "heavenly blue anthocyanin" which changes from purplish red at pH 6.6 to blue at pH 7.7. Blueberries change from blue (around pH 2.8 — 3.2) to red in a strongly acidic solution.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 11

Non-metals + acids

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 11 Non-metals do not react with acids. Thus, option D is correct.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 12

When sodium hydroxide reacts with aluminium metal:

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 12 Sodium aluminate and hydrogen gas are formed when sodium hydroxide reacts with aluminium metal.

2NaOH + 2Al + 2H2O ⇨ 2NaAlO2 + 2H2

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 13

Sodium chloride is known as:

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 13 Sodium chloride is known as rock salt, common salt, table salt.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 14

Molten sodium chloride conducts electric current due to the presence of:

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 14 Current is the rate of flow of charge. NaCl an ionic solid. An ionic solid consists of a lattice of Na+ and Cl ions in which these ions are fixed in their places. Solid NaCI does not contain any mobile charge carriers that can facilitate the flow of charge. But molten NaCI contains free mobile ions Na+ and Cl- ions which allow the passage of current.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 15

Which two metals react with concentrated alkalis?

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 15 Groups IIA, IIIA, and IVA metals are less reactive than the neighbouring alkali metals. Thus Al and Zn are less reactive metals than Na, K and Mg.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 16

The pH of a compound is found to be 9. The compound can be:

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 16 pH above 7 confirms the compound to be alkaline in nature so it can be either sodium carbonate or sodium hydroxide as HCl and CH3COOH are acidic in nature. Sodium hydroxide is a strong base, so it has the highest pH of about 14, while sodium carbonate is a weak base to have pH 9.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 17

To protect tooth decay, we are advised to brush our teeth regularly. The nature of the toothpaste commonly used is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 17 Decay of teeth is because of the sweetening agents we eat as it increases the acidity inside the mouth, which can be prevented if the toothpaste used is alkaline or basic in nature. Baking soda or sodium hydrogen carbonate is also used to clean the teeth as it is alkaline in nature.
Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 18

Sodium chloride imparts a yellow colour to the Bunsen flame. This can be interpreted due to the

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 18 Sodium chloride imparts a yellow colour to the Bunsen flame. This can be interpreted due to the emission of excess energy absorbed as radiation in the visible region.

When an alkali or alkaline earth metal (or its salt) is introduced in the flame, the metal's valence electrons absorb energy and are excited to the higher energy level. When excited electrons return to their ground state, they release the absorbed energy as visible light.

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 19

Aqueous solution of sodium chloride turns

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 19

Aqueous solution of NaCl is neutral and therefore, does not change the colour of either red or blue litmus.

 

 

Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 20

A milkman added a small pinch of baking soda to fresh milk which had pH close to 6. As a result, pH of the medium

Detailed Solution for Test: Acids, Bases & Salts - Question 20 The milkman adds baking soda to milk so that milk becomes slightly alkaline (pH > 7). The milk will not be converted to acidic curd readily.

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