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Test: Challenges To Democracy - Class 10 MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Test: Challenges To Democracy

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Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 1

What is a challenge to democracy ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 1
Challenge to Democracy: Vote Bank and Corruption

Democracy, despite its merits, is not without its challenges. Two significant challenges to democracy are:



  • Vote Bank: Vote bank politics refers to the practice of political parties catering to specific communities or interest groups to secure their votes, often at the expense of the broader interests of the nation. This poses a challenge to democracy because:


    • It can lead to the marginalization of certain sections of society, as parties focus solely on appeasing particular vote banks and neglect the overall welfare and development of the nation.

    • It can promote divisive politics and communal tensions, as parties play on religious, caste, or ethnic identities to gain support.

    • It can hinder the implementation of policies that are beneficial for the entire population, as parties prioritize short-term gains over long-term national interests.



  • Corruption: Corruption is the misuse of power or public resources for personal gain. It undermines the democratic process and poses a challenge to democracy because:


    • It erodes public trust in democratic institutions and leaders, leading to a loss of confidence in the system.

    • It diverts resources that should be used for public welfare, hindering development and exacerbating social and economic inequalities.

    • It creates an uneven playing field for political competition, as corrupt practices like bribery and vote-buying can influence election outcomes.

    • It undermines the rule of law and weakens the institutions responsible for ensuring accountability and transparency.



In conclusion, both vote bank politics and corruption pose significant challenges to democracy. Addressing these challenges requires strong political will, effective governance, and the active participation of citizens in holding their elected representatives accountable.

Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 2

Which of the following represents a challenge to democracy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 2
Challenges to Democracy:
- Women not allowed to take part in public activities in Saudi Arabia: This represents a challenge to democracy because it restricts the rights and participation of a significant portion of the population, limiting their ability to engage in the democratic process and have their voices heard.
- Renewed violence in Sri Lanka following the breakdown of talks between the government and the LTTE: This challenge to democracy arises from the breakdown of peaceful negotiations and the resumption of violence. It undermines the principles of democracy, which emphasize peaceful resolution of conflicts and the protection of human rights.
- Money and muscle power during elections: This challenge refers to the influence of wealth and physical strength in the electoral process. When money and muscle power play a significant role, it can undermine the fairness and integrity of elections, leading to a distorted representation of the people's will and limiting the democratic principles of equality and equal opportunity.
Conclusion: All of the above challenges pose significant obstacles to the functioning of democracy. They restrict the rights and participation of certain groups, undermine peace and stability, and distort the electoral process. It is crucial for democratic societies to address these challenges to ensure the principles of democracy are upheld and the voices of all citizens are heard.
Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 3

Which of the following is a challenge of expansion ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 3
Challenge of Expansion: Ensuring greater power to local governments
The challenge of expansion refers to the difficulties and obstacles faced when expanding a system or organization. In the context of the given options, the challenge of ensuring greater power to local governments is a significant hurdle. This challenge can arise in various situations, such as when a centralized government seeks to decentralize power or when an organization expands its operations to new regions or territories.
Here are some key points explaining why ensuring greater power to local governments is a challenge of expansion:
1. Centralization vs. decentralization: Centralized governments often hold most of the power and decision-making authority, which can limit the autonomy and influence of local governments. When expanding, it becomes crucial to strike a balance between central control and local empowerment.
2. Resistance from centralized authorities: Central governments may resist or be reluctant to devolve power to local governments due to concerns about losing control or creating potential political rivals. Overcoming this resistance and convincing central authorities to grant more power to local governments can be challenging.
3. Capacity-building and resources: Local governments may lack the necessary capacity, resources, and expertise to effectively exercise greater power. Expanding their authority requires investing in training, infrastructure, and financial resources to enable them to handle the additional responsibilities.
4. Political dynamics and conflicts: Expanding the power of local governments can lead to political conflicts, especially in regions with existing power struggles or ethnic divisions. Balancing the interests and demands of various stakeholders while ensuring stability and inclusivity can be a complex task.
5. Legal and administrative frameworks: Expanding the power of local governments often requires revisiting and revising legal and administrative frameworks to accommodate the changes. This process can be time-consuming and may face resistance from vested interests.
6. Public perception and acceptance: Ensuring that the general public supports and accepts the expansion of power to local governments is crucial for its success. Building public trust and awareness about the benefits of local empowerment is a challenge that needs to be addressed.
In conclusion, ensuring greater power to local governments is a significant challenge of expansion. It requires navigating complex political dynamics, addressing capacity and resource gaps, overcoming resistance from centralized authorities, and building public support. Successfully addressing these challenges can lead to a more inclusive and participatory governance system.
Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 4

Wriite the full form of GDP

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 4
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product. It is a commonly used economic indicator that measures the total value of all goods and services produced within a country's borders during a specific period of time. Here is a detailed explanation of GDP:
Definition:
- GDP is the monetary value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given time period, usually a year.
- It is often used as a measure of a country's economic health and to compare the economic performance of different countries.
Calculation:
- GDP can be calculated using three different approaches:
- Production Approach: It calculates GDP by summing the value added at each stage of production.
- Income Approach: It calculates GDP by summing the incomes earned by individuals and businesses.
- Expenditure Approach: It calculates GDP by summing the total spending on goods and services by households, businesses, and the government.
Components of GDP:
- GDP is divided into four main components:
- Consumption (C): It represents the spending by households on goods and services.
- Investment (I): It includes business investment in machinery, equipment, and structures.
- Government Spending (G): It includes spending by the government on goods and services.
- Net Exports (NX): It represents the difference between exports and imports.
Importance of GDP:
- GDP is an important economic indicator as it provides insights into the overall health and growth of an economy.
- It helps policymakers in formulating economic policies and making decisions regarding fiscal and monetary measures.
- GDP also serves as a benchmark for comparing the economic performance of different countries.
In conclusion, GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product, which is a measure of the total value of all goods and services produced within a country's borders. It is calculated using different approaches and is divided into four main components. GDP is an important indicator for assessing an economy's health and comparing the performance of different countries.
Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 5

In the context of the “Challenge of Expansion”, which of the following ideas is correct?
(i) Ensuring greater power to local government.
(ii) Establishing a sovereign and functional state.
(iii) Extension of federal principles to all the units of federation.
(iv) Inclusion of women and minority groups

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 5
The correct answer is C: (i), (iii), (iv).
Explanation:
The "Challenge of Expansion" refers to the challenges faced by a country or organization when it undergoes expansion or growth. In this context, the correct ideas that address the challenge of expansion are:
(i) Ensuring greater power to local government:
- This idea is important as expansion often leads to an increase in the number of regions or units within a country or organization.
- Giving greater power to local governments ensures better governance and decision-making at the grassroots level, thereby addressing the challenge of effective administration and representation.
(iii) Extension of federal principles to all the units of federation:
- This idea is crucial when dealing with the challenge of expansion because it ensures the equitable distribution of power and resources among all units within a federation.
- Extending federal principles means that each unit has its own autonomy and self-governance while still being part of a larger entity.
(iv) Inclusion of women and minority groups:
- This idea is significant in the context of expansion as it promotes inclusivity and diversity within the expanding entity.
- Including women and minority groups ensures that their voices and perspectives are heard, leading to a more representative and equitable society.
Therefore, the correct answer is (i), (iii), (iv).
Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 6

Which of the following is a challenge of foundation ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 6
Challenge of Foundation
The challenge of foundation refers to the difficulties faced in establishing a strong and stable basis for a system or organization. In the context of the given options, the challenge of foundation pertains to the establishment of a sovereign and functional state. Here is a detailed explanation of this challenge:
Establishing a Sovereign and Functional State:
- This challenge involves creating a government structure that is both independent and capable of effectively governing the country.
- It requires establishing a system of governance that is recognized as legitimate by its citizens and the international community.
- The state must have the authority to make and enforce laws, uphold order, and protect the rights and welfare of its citizens.
- Additionally, it involves establishing institutions and mechanisms that ensure transparency, accountability, and the rule of law.
Other options:
- While the other options mentioned (strengthening institutions, extension of federal principle, and democratic control) are also important aspects of building a strong foundation, they do not directly address the challenge of establishing a sovereign and functional state.
In conclusion, the challenge of foundation in this context refers to the establishment of a sovereign and functional state. This involves creating a government structure that is capable of effectively governing the country and ensuring the well-being and rights of its citizens.
Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 7

The full form of RTI 

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 7
The Full Form of RTI:
The full form of RTI is Right to Information. It is a fundamental right of every citizen in India to seek information from public authorities. The Right to Information Act was passed in 2005 and it aims to promote transparency and accountability in the functioning of government organizations.
Key Points:
- RTI stands for Right to Information.
- It is a fundamental right of every citizen in India.
- The Right to Information Act was passed in 2005.
- The act aims to promote transparency and accountability in government organizations.
- Citizens have the right to request information from public authorities.
- The information can be related to any government activity, decision, or document.
- The act empowers citizens to access information and hold public authorities accountable.
- Public authorities are required to provide the requested information within a specified time frame.
- If the information is denied, citizens have the right to appeal and seek redressal.
- RTI has been instrumental in exposing corruption, improving governance, and empowering citizens.
Conclusion:
The full form of RTI is Right to Information. It is a crucial tool for promoting transparency and accountability in government organizations. The act empowers citizens to access information and hold public authorities accountable.
Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 8

Which one of the following situations represents the success of democracy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 8
Situation D: Integration of French speaking and Dutch speaking people in Belgium
Some key points to consider:
- Belgium is a country with both French-speaking and Dutch-speaking regions.
- Historically, there have been tensions and conflicts between the two linguistic communities.
- The success of democracy can be seen in the integration of these communities, which promotes unity and cooperation.
Explanation:
- Belgium's successful integration of French speaking and Dutch speaking people demonstrates the success of democracy in the following ways:
1. Promoting linguistic and cultural diversity: Democracy allows for the recognition and respect of different linguistic and cultural backgrounds. By integrating French-speaking and Dutch-speaking communities, Belgium ensures the preservation and celebration of linguistic diversity within its democratic framework.
2. Resolving historical conflicts: The integration of these communities signifies a resolution of historical conflicts and tensions. Through democratic processes, Belgium has been able to address and overcome these conflicts, promoting peace, stability, and harmony among its citizens.
3. Ensuring equal rights and representation: Democracy ensures that all citizens have equal rights and representation. By integrating French-speaking and Dutch-speaking communities, Belgium guarantees equal opportunities, political participation, and representation for both linguistic groups, fostering a sense of fairness and inclusivity.
4. Promoting unity and cooperation: The successful integration of different linguistic communities in Belgium demonstrates the power of democracy in fostering unity and cooperation. By encouraging dialogue, compromise, and collaboration, democracy enables diverse communities to come together, work towards common goals, and build a stronger nation.
In conclusion, the integration of French-speaking and Dutch-speaking people in Belgium represents the success of democracy by promoting linguistic and cultural diversity, resolving historical conflicts, ensuring equal rights and representation, and fostering unity and cooperation among its citizens.
Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 9

The bureaucrats should be made more

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 9

Introduction:
In the given question, we are asked to choose the option that best describes how bureaucrats should be made more. The options given are: responsive, regular, both (a) and (b), and none of the above. Let's analyze each option to find the correct answer.
Option A: Responsive
- Responsive bureaucrats are those who are quick to respond and address the needs and concerns of the public.
- They prioritize effective communication and ensure that they are accessible to the public.
- Responsive bureaucrats are open to feedback and suggestions from the public, which helps in improving the overall system.
- They understand the importance of timely action and strive to provide efficient services to the public.
Option B: Regular
- Regular bureaucrats are those who perform their duties consistently and diligently.
- They follow a routine and adhere to established protocols and procedures.
- Regularity ensures that bureaucratic processes are not delayed and work is completed within the stipulated time frame.
- Regular bureaucrats are reliable and can be depended upon to carry out their responsibilities effectively.
Option C: Both (a) and (b)
- This option suggests that bureaucrats should possess both qualities of being responsive and regular.
- It combines the attributes of being quick to respond to the public's needs while being consistent and reliable in performing their duties.
Option D: None of the above
- This option implies that neither being responsive nor regular is necessary for bureaucrats.
Conclusion:
After analyzing all the options, it is evident that the most appropriate choice is option A: responsive. This is because responsive bureaucrats are better equipped to address the concerns of the public, provide efficient services, and work towards improving the bureaucratic system. Regularity is essential but being responsive holds greater importance in meeting the public's expectations and demands.
Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 10

In India, people are still living in abject

Detailed Solution for Test: Challenges To Democracy - Question 10
India is still facing abject poverty:
- Despite significant economic growth in recent years, poverty remains a pressing issue in India.
- Millions of people in India are still living below the poverty line and struggle to meet their basic needs.
- Poverty is particularly prevalent in rural areas where access to basic services and opportunities for employment are limited.
- Lack of adequate income and resources further exacerbate the cycle of poverty, making it difficult for individuals and families to escape from it.
- Poverty in India is often accompanied by malnutrition, inadequate healthcare, and limited access to education, which further hinders social and economic development.
Factors contributing to poverty in India:
- High population density: India's large population makes it challenging to provide adequate resources and opportunities for everyone.
- Income inequality: The gap between the rich and the poor in India is significant, with a small percentage of the population holding a majority of the wealth.
- Lack of quality education: Illiteracy and limited access to quality education hinder individuals from acquiring the skills necessary to escape poverty.
- Unemployment: Limited job opportunities and a lack of skill development programs contribute to high unemployment rates, particularly among the youth.
- Social discrimination: Marginalized communities, such as Dalits and tribal groups, face discrimination and exclusion, further perpetuating the cycle of poverty.
Government initiatives to address poverty:
- The Indian government has implemented various poverty alleviation programs such as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM).
- These programs aim to provide employment opportunities, skill development, and social protection to vulnerable populations.
- The government has also launched initiatives like the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) to increase financial inclusion and access to banking services for the poor.
- Efforts are being made to improve access to quality education and healthcare through initiatives like the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and the Ayushman Bharat scheme.
Challenges and the way forward:
- Despite these initiatives, there are challenges in effectively implementing and monitoring poverty alleviation programs in a vast and diverse country like India.
- Addressing the root causes of poverty, such as income inequality and social discrimination, requires long-term systemic changes and inclusive policies.
- Collaboration between the government, civil society organizations, and the private sector is crucial in creating sustainable solutions to alleviate poverty.
- Investing in education, skill development, and entrepreneurship opportunities can empower individuals and communities to break the cycle of poverty.
- Continued efforts to improve healthcare, infrastructure, and access to basic services are essential in improving the overall well-being of the population.
Overall, while India continues to face challenges in eradicating poverty, concerted efforts and comprehensive strategies can bring about positive change and improve the lives of millions of people living in abject poverty.
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