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Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1


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30 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Based Tests for UPSC & State PSC Exams | Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1

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Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 1

Which of the following is correct about India?

1. India has a total area of 3.28 million sq. Km.

2. India has a coastline of 6100 km in the mainland.

3. India has a total coastline of 7,517 km including islands.

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 1
  • It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 sq mi).

  •  

    India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west.

  •  

    It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,516.6 km (4,671 mi).

  •  

    India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west.

  •  

    It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,516.6 km (4,671 mi). India has a total coastline of 7516.6 km, out of which mainland coastline consists of 5422.6 km and the islands' coastline consists of 2094 km.

 

 

 

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 2

Which of the following cities has maximum northern latitude?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 2

Patna/Coordinates

25.5941° N

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 3

Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 3 The Ten Degree Channel is a channel that separates the Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands from each other in the Bay of Bengal. The two sets of islands together form the Indian Union Territory (UT) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 4

Which of the following states is not crossed by the Tropic of Cancer?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 4 The tropic of cancer passes through 8 Indian states. They areGujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tripura and Mizoram.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 5

Which is the easternmost longitude of India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 5
  • "97° 25' East" is the "eastern most longitude of India". It is located in "Arunachal Pradesh". It is this longitude beyond which the territory of India doesn’t extend. Longitudes are the imaginary lines that run from the "North Pole" to the "south pole".

  •  

    Longitudes help in finding the time at a place. The "Prime meridian" which passes through "Greenwich" is used for this purpose. Longitudes along with latitudes help in "determining the position" of a place.

 

 

 

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 6

Which of the following countries have common borders with the Indian States like Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 6
  • India is an ancient civilization but now it is a developing nation. It has shown remarkable progress in various fields.

  • India has an important position in South Asia and has 28 States and 9Union Territories. India shares its boundaries with Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan.

  • The southern neighbors across the sea consist of the two island countries, namely Maldives and Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka is separated from India by Pak Strait, a narrow strip of sea. India always had and had strong geographical and historical links with her neighbors. India stands apart from the rest of Asia. Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with Nepal.

(1) Nepal is one of the friendly nations of India and has no rivalry with India.

(2) It is a peace-loving country like India and has no terrorist activities

(3) It is a beautiful country with lots of tourism destinations

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 7

Which of the following countries does not share a land boundary with India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 7
  • Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar share a land border with India.

  • It might also share a border with Sri Lanka (the boundary runs over Adam’s Bridge and may or may not run over one of its islands or shoals) and Afghanistan (Afghanistan shares a border with Kashmir, which is claimed by both India and Pakistan, but it only borders the part that is occupied by Pakistan, so India considers it sharing a border with it, but other countries do not). All other countries (over 180) do not share a land border with India.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 8

Which state of India shares the smallest border with China?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 8
  • Himachal Pradesh shares about 200 km border with China which is the smallest among other sharing border states of India.

  • China and India are the two neighbouring countries in Asia. India shares 3488 km of border with China.

  • Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh Indian states share border with China. Also, the Tibet Autonomous region of China touches the border with India.

  • The Jammu and Kashmir border shares 1597 km length with China, which is the longest.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 9

Which state of India shares the longest border with Pakistan?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 9
  • Jammu and Kashmir, the state of India shares the longest border with Pakistan having a length of 1222 km, followed by Rajasthan with 1170 km. Gujarat has 506 km, while Punjab has 425 km.

  • The borders of Pakistan were drawn just after two days of partition that is on 17 August, 1947. Let us tell you that the Radcliffe Line was officially announced on August 17, 1947, a few days after the independence of India and Pakistan. Indian states that share boundaries with Pakistan are: Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Punjab.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 10

What is the total length of the India-Bangladesh border?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 10
  • The longest border is shared by Bangladesh which is 4096.70 Km (2,545-mile).

  • India-Bangladesh border is the fifth longest border in the World. Indian states that share borders with Bangladesh are: Assam, West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Tripura.

  • West Bengal Indian state shares the longest border between India and Bangladesh. Its length is 2216.70 km. Assam Indian state shares the smallest border between India and Bangladesh. Its length is 263 km.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 11

Consider the following statements

1. Chotanagpur plateau extends into North eastern parts of India.

2. Karbi Anglong and the Meghalaya Plateau in the northeast are extensions of the Peninsular block.

Select the correct answer from the following codes

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 11
  • The Karbi Anglong and the Meghalaya Plateau in the northeast and Rajasthan in the west are also extensions of this block.

  • The north eastern parts are separated by the Malda fault in West Bengal from the Chotanagpur plateau. Chota Nagpur, plateau in eastern India, in north-western Chhattisgarh and central Jharkhand states.

  • The plateau is composed of Precambrian rocks (i.e., rocks more than about 540 million years old). Chota Nagpur is the collective name for the Ranchi, Hazaribagh, and Koderma plateaus, which collectively have an area of 25,293 square miles (65,509 square km). Its largest division is the Ranchi Plateau, which has an average elevation of about 2,300 feet (700 metres).

  • The Chota Nagpur plateau in its entirety lies between the basins of the Ganges (Ganga) and Son rivers to the north and the Mahanadi River to the south. Through its centre, from west to east, runs the coal-bearing, faulted Damodar River valley.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 12

Which of the following is/are features of the Himalayas?

1. Weak and flexible geological structure

2. Interplay of exogenic and endogenic forces

3. Tectonic in origin

Select the correct answer from the following codes

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 12

All of the statements are correct.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 13

Match the following passes and mountain ranges.

1. Zoji La ----------- A.Pir Panjal

2. Photula --------- B. Ladakh

3. Banihal --------- C. Great Himalayas

4. Khardung la ------ D. Zaskar

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 13

1. Zoji La: Nestled on National highway 1 between Srinagar and Leh, Zoji La is an important mountain pass.

2. Photu la: Fotu La pass on the Srinagar-Leh highway of the Himalayan Zanskar Range stands at a height of 13,478ft (4,108m) above the sea level.

3. Banihal Pass: Banihāl Pass, pass in the Pīr Panjāl Range in the Indian-held sector of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent.

4. Khardung La: Situated at an altitude of 18,379 ft. above the sea level, Khardung La makes one feel on the top of the world.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 14

Arrange the following Himalayan sub-divisions from west to east

1. Kashmir Himalayas

2. Himachal Himalayas

3. Darjeeling Himalayas

4. Arunachal Himalayas

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 15

Which of the following coastal plains is located between the Sahyadri and the Arabian Sea?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 15 West Coastal Plain is located between the Sahyadri and the Arabian Sea. It is mainly characterised by sandy beaches, coastal sand dunes, mud flats, lagoons, alluvial tracts along rivers, estuary, laterite platforms and residual hills.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 16

The 9 degree channel is located on which of the following Islands?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 16
  • The Arabian Sea Islands comprise 36 islands of Lakshadweep Group. The southernmost island, i.e. Minicoy is separated from the rest of the group by the 9 degree channel.

  • Nine Degree Channel separates Lakshadweep and Minicoy. The Nine Degree Channel is a channel in the Indian Ocean between the Laccadive Islands of Kalpeni and Suheli Par, and Maliku Atoll.

  • These two subgroups of islands, together with the Amindivi Subgroup, form the Indian Union Territory (UT) of Lakshadweep.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 17

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Thar Desert

1. The desert continues into Pakistan as the Cholistan Desert.

2. Most of the Thar Desert is situated in Rajasthan, covering 61% of its geographic area.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 17
  • Thar Desert, also called Great Indian Desert, arid region of rolling sand hills on the Indian subcontinent. It is located partly in Rajasthan state, northwestern India, and partly in Punjab and Sindh (Sind) provinces, eastern Pakistan.

  • The Thar Desert covers some 77,000 square miles (200,000 square km) of territory. It is bordered by the irrigated Indus River plain to the west, the Punjab Plain to the north and northeast, the Aravalli Range to the southeast, and the Rann of Kachchh to the south.

  • The subtropical desert climate there results from persistent high pressure and subsidence at that latitude. The prevailing southwest monsoon winds that bring rain to much of the subcontinent in summer tend to bypass the Thar to the east.

  • The name is derived from thul, the general term for the region’s sand ridges. TheThar’desert sands overlie Archean (early Precambrian) gneiss (metamorphic rocks formed between 4 billion and 2.5 billion years ago), Proterozoic (later Precambrian) sedimentary rocks (formed about 2.5 billion to 541 million years ago), and more-recent alluvium (material deposited by rivers).

  • The surface consists of aeolian (wind-deposited) sand that has accumulated over the past 1.8 million years.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 18

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Deccan Plateau:

1. It is a large triangular plateau, bounded by the Vindhyas to the north and flanked by the Eastern and Western Ghats.

2. It slopes gently from west to east and gives rise to several peninsular rivers such as the Godavari, the Krishna, the Kaveri and the Mahanadi which drain into the Bay of Bengal.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 18
  • Deccan, the entire southern peninsula of India south of the Narmada River, marked centrally by a high triangular tableland. The name derives from the Sanskrit daksina (“south”).

  • The plateau is bounded on the east and west by the Ghats, escarpments that meet at the plateau’s southern tip. Its northern extremity is the Satpura Range. The Deccan’s average elevation is about 2,000 feet (600 metres), sloping generally eastward.

  • Its principal rivers—the Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri (Cauvery)—flow from the Western Ghats eastward to the Bay of Bengal. The plateau’s climate is drier than that on the coasts and is arid in places.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 19

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Karakoram mountain ranges

1. The world's second highest mountain peak K2 (Godwin Austen), which has a height of 8611 meters, belongs to this chain of mountains.

2. It rises from the Pamir Knot in the north-west and stretches towards southeast up to the Indus gorge in Jammu and Kashmir.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 19
  • Karakoram Range, Chinese (Pinyin) Karakorum Shan or (Wade-Giles romanization) K’a-la-k’un-lun Shan, great mountain system extending some 300 miles (500 km) from the easternmost extension of Afghanistan in a south easterly direction along the watershed between Central and South Asia. Found there are the greatest concentration of high mountains in the world and the longest glaciers outside the high latitudes.

  • The Karakorams are part of a complex of mountain ranges at the centre of Asia, including the Hindu Kush to the west, the Pamirs to the northwest, the Kunlun Mountains to the northeast, and the Himalayas to the southeast.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 20

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Ladakh range

1. It is situated to the north of the Indus Tsangpo Suture Zone (ITSZ) and south of Karakoram, between River Indus and Shyok.

2. The highest peak is Mt. Rakaposhi (steepest peak in the world).

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 20
  • Ladakh Range, southeastern extension of the Karakoram Range, south-central Asia. The range extends southeastward for some 230 miles (370 km) from the mouth of the Shyok River in the Northern Areas (the sector of the Kashmir region administered by Pakistan), through Jammu and Kashmir state (the portion of Kashmir administered by India), to the border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.

  • With a crest line of about 20,000 feet (6,100 metres), the range parallels the northeast bank of the Indus River.

  • The Ladakh Range is composed of granite rocks of the Ladakh batholith, which is bounded by the Shyok suture zone to the north and the Indus suture zone to the south. The climate is semiarid, with maximum summer temperatures exceeding 86°F (30°C) along the lower slopes and mean monthly temperatures in winter well below 32°F (0°C) at elevations above about 13,000 feet (4,000 metres).

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 21

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Indus River System

1. It is known as Singi Khamban or the Lion’s mouth in Tibet.

2. It originates from a glacier near Bokhar Chu in the Kailash Mountain range.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 21

  • The Indus System is one of the largest river basins of the world. It is also known as the Sindhu, is the westernmost of the Himalayan rivers in India.

  • It originates from a glacier near Bokhar Chu (31°15' N latitude and 81°40' E longitude) in the Tibetan region at an altitude of 4,164 m in the Kailash Mountain range. It receives a number of Himalayan tributaries such as the Shyok, the Gilgit, the Zaskar, the Hunza, the Nubra, the Shigar, the Gasting and the Dras.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 22

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the drainage pattern

1. Radial drainage patterns form when rivers originate from a hill and flow in all directions. For example, the rivers originating from the Amarkantak.

2. Centripetal drainage patterns are formed when rivers discharge their waters from all directions into a lake or a depression. For example, Loktak lake in Manipur.

3. Trellis drainage pattern is formed when the primary tributaries of main rivers flow parallel to each other and secondary tributaries join them at right angles. For example, rivers in the upper part of the Himalayan region.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 22

1. Radial Pattern: It is a pattern characterised by out flowing rivers, away from a central point, analogous with the spokes of a wheel. It tends to develop on the flanks of a dome or a volcanic cone. A good example of a radial drainage pattern is provided by the rivers originating from the Amarkantak Mountain. Rivers like Narmada, Son and Mahanadi originating from Amarkantak Hills flow in different directions and are good examples of radial patterns. This pattern is also found in the Girnar Hills (Kathiawar, Gujarat), and Mikir Hills of Assam.

2. Trellis Drainage: It is a rectangular pattern formed where two sets of structural controls occur at right angles. In a trellis pattern, the river forms a net like system and the tributaries flow roughly parallel to each other. The old folded mountains of the Singhbhum (Chotanagpur Plateau) have drainage of trellis pattern.

3. Centripetal or inland drainage pattern: is opposite to the radial drainage pattern because it is characterized by the streams which converge at a point which is generally a depression or a basin. This pattern is formed by a series of streams which after emerging from surrounding uplands converge in a central low land which may be a depression, or a basin or a crater lake.The Kathmandu valley of Nepal presents an ideal example of centripetal drainage pattern wherein the tributary streams of the Bagmati converge in the tectonically formed circular basin. The depression formed at the top of Raigarh Dome in the Lower Chambal Basin has given birth to centripetal drainage pattern.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 23

The correct sequence of the west flowing rivers in the peninsular India from north to south is.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 24

Match the following items in List-I with the items in List-II with the help of codes given below:

List-I (River) A. Bhagirathi-Alaknanda

B. Dhauli-Vishnu Ganga

C. Alaknanda-Mandakini

D. Alaknanda-Pinder

List-II (Meeting Place)

1. Joshimath

2. Devprayag

3. Rudraprayag

4. Karnaprayag

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 25

Consider the following statement(s) related to India's Peninsular River that discharges their water in the Arabian Sea.

1. The rivers flowing towards the Arabian Sea have short courses.

2. The important peninsular rivers flowing towards the west are Shetrunji, Bhadra (Bhadar), Vaitarna, Kalindi, Bedti, Sharavati, Bharathpuzha, Periyar and Pamba.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 25
  • The Peninsular drainage system is older than the Himalayan one. This is evident from the broad, largely traded shallow valleys, and the maturity of the rivers. The Western Ghats running close to the western coast act as the water divide between the major Peninsular Rivers, discharging their water in the Bay of Bengal and as small rivulets joining the Arabian Sea.

  • Most of the major Peninsular Rivers except Narmada and Tapi flow from west to east. The Peninsular drainage system is older than the Himalayan one. This is evident from the broad, largely-graded shallow valleys, and the maturity of the rivers.

  • The Western Ghats running close to the western coast act as the water divide between the major Peninsular Rivers, discharging their water in the Bay of Bengal and as small rivulets joining the Arabian Sea.

  • Most of the major Peninsular Rivers except Narmada and Tapi flow from west to east. The Chambal, the Sind, the Betwa, the Ken, the Son, originating in the northern part of the Peninsula belong to the Ganga river system. The other major river systems of the peninsular drainage are – the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri.

  • Peninsular rivers are characterised by fixed course, absence of meanders and non-perennial flow of water.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 26

Which tributary of Ganga River popularly known as 'Sorrow of Bihar'?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 26 The Kosi River, one of the oldest river in Indian history, it is also known as Sapta Kosi means seven rivers. is known as the "Sorrow of Bihar" as the annual floods affect about 21,000 km sq (8,100 sq mi) of fertile agricultural lands thereby disturbing the rural economy.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 27

Which of the following tributaries of Ganga originates from Nepal-Sikkim border and joins Ganga in Bangladesh?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 27 The Mahananda River is a trans-boundary river that flows through the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, and Bangladesh.It originates in the Himalayas: Paglajhora Falls on Mahaldiram Hill near Chimli, east of Kurseong in Darjeeling district.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 28

The Brahmaputra, Irrawaddy and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a “U'' turn in its course to flow into India. This “U” turn is due to :

This “U” turn is due to Syntaxial bending of geologically young Himalayas

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 29

Consider the following rivers:

1. Barak

2. Lohit

3. Subansiri

Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 29 Arunachal Pradesh criss-crossed by numerous rivers, riverines and streams in true sense is a land of rivers.

The prominent rivers flowing through this Himalayan state are: The 2,900-km long Brahmaputra, major river of the state, is known for transport, irrigation and potable water source.

1. Siang River, a major tributary of Brahmaputra, provides enough opportunities for adventure sports, like tubing, fishing and trekking.

2. The Subansiri river emerging from the Himalayas is the biggest tributary of the Brahmaputra river.

3. Lohit river rises from Zayal Chu range of eastern Tibet and flows 200-km in Arunachal Pradesh criss-crossing Lohit and Namsi districts

4. Dibang river flows in the same Valley, a holy source for the Idu-Mishmi tribe, on which and a Dibang Multi-Purpose Project, a major hydropower project has been proposed.

5. Drangme Chhu river rises in western part of the state and joins with the southern region Mangde Chhu River.

6. Papumpare is a deep river in the same but beautiful river valley.

Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 30

The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why?

1. It occupies a linear rift valley.

2. It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras.

3. The land slopes to the west from Central India.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 11 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 30
  • The Narmada: It originates on the western flank of the Amarkantak plateau at a height of about 1,057 m. flowing in a rift valley between the Satpura in the south and the Vindhya range in the north; it forms a picturesque gorge in marble rocks and Dhuandhar waterfall near Jabalpur.

  • After flowing a distance of about 1,312 km, it meets the Arabian sea south of Bharuch, forming a broad 27 km long estuary. Its catchment area is about 98,796 sq. km. The Sardar Sarovar Project has been constructed on this river.

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