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Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3


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30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC CSE | Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3

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Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 1

Consider the following statements:

1. The Vijayanagar Kings claimed to rule on behalf of Lord Venkateswara.

2. Vijayanagar Rulers used the title " Hindu Suratrana " which means Hindu Sultan.

Which of the following is/are not correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 1
  • The very choice of the site of Vijayanagara was likely inspired by the existence of the shrines of Virupaksha and Pampadevi. The Vijayanagara kings claimed to rule on behalf of the god Virupaksha.

  • All royal orders were signed “Shri Virupaksha”, usually in the Kannada script. Rulers also indicated their close links with the gods by using the title “Hindu Suratrana”. This was a Sanskritisation of the Arabic term Sultan, meaning king, so it meant Hindu Sultan.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 2

Consider the following :

(i) Tuluvas dynasty

(ii) Saluvas dynasty

(iii) Sangam dynasty

(iv) Aravidu dynasty

Arrange the following dynasties incorrect chronology:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 2
  • The Vijayanagar Empire was founded in 1336 AD by Harihar I and his brother Bukka Raya I in Deccan in the wake of the rebellions against Tughluq rule. The empire is named after its capital city of Vijayanagar.

  • There were four dynasties which ruled over Vijayanagar- Sangama Dynasty, Saluva Dynasty, Tuluva Dynasty and Aravidu Dynasty.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 3

Consider the following Statement:

1. Mahanavmi Dibba was located on the highest point of Vijayanagar City.

2. Hazara Rama temple was built by Vijayanagara Rulers for subjects of the empire.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 3
  • Located on one of the highest points in the city, the “Mahanavami Dibba” is a massive platform rising from a base of about 11,000 sq. ft to a height of 40 ft. There is evidence that it supported a wooden structure.

  • The base of the platform is covered with relief carvings. The Hazara Rama temple. This was probably meant to be used only by the king and his family.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 4

Whose policy led to the decline of the Imperial city of Vijayanagar?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 4 Although the armies of the Sultans were responsible for the destruction of the city of Vijayanagara It was the adventurous policy of Rama Raya who tried to play off one Sultan against another that led the Sultans to combine and decisively defeat him.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 5

Who was responsible for bringing ruins of Hampi to light?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 5 The ruins at Hampi were brought to light in 1800 by an engineer and antiquarian named Colonel Colin Mackenzie. An employee of the English East India Company, he prepared the first survey map of the site.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 6

Krishnadeva Raya, the greatest Vijayanagar ruler who was also known as ' Abhinava Bhoja' belonged to which dynasty?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 6
  • Krishnadeva Raya belonged to the Tuluva dynasty. Krishnadeva Raya’s rule was characterised by expansion and consolidation.

  • This was the time when the land between the Tungabhadra and Krishna rivers (the Raichur doab) was acquired (1512), the rulers of Orissa were subdued (1514) and severe defeats were inflicted on the Sultan of Bijapur (1520).

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 7

System of Amara-nayaka was inspired from?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 7 The Amara-nayaka system was a major political innovation of the Vijayanagara Empire. Many features of this system were likely derived from the iqta system of the Delhi Sultanate.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 8

Consider the following statement.

1. Gopuram was a pavilion that ran around the shrines within the temple complex.

2. Mandapas were placed at the top of the Virupaksha temple.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 8
  • Raya gopurams were royal gateways (not a pavilion) that often dwarfed the towers on the central shrines, and signalled the presence of the temple from a great distance.

  • This was a tricky question to check your grip on terms. Mandapas WERE pavilions and long, pillared corridors (so this can’t be placed at the top of Virupaksha temple) that often ran around the shrines within the temple complex. Let us look at two temples more closely – the Virupaksha temple and the Vitthala temple.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 9

Concerning Vijayanagar Empire "Kudirai Chettis" were?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 9 The trade-in Vijaynagar Empire was initially controlled by Arab traders. Local communities of merchants known as kudirai chettis or horse merchants also participated in these exchanges.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 10

Consider the following statements:

1. Dam on the river Tungabhadra was built by Krishnadeva Raya.

2. Fortification was only done around the city.

Which of the following statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 10
  • A dam across the Tungabhadra and irrigated the cultivated valley that separated the “sacred centre” from the “urban core”. This was built by kings of the Sangama dynasty. But we know Krishnadeva Raya belonged to the Tuluva dynasty.

  • About fortifications, it is mentioned about seven lines of forts. These encircled not only the city but also its agricultural hinterland and forests. The outermost wall linked the hills surrounding the city. The massive masonry construction was slightly tapered.

  • No mortar or cementing agent was employed anywhere in the construction. The stone blocks were wedge-shaped, which held them in place, and the inner portion of the walls was of earth packed with rubble. Square or rectangular bastions projected outwards.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 11

Consider the following statements:

1. Members of the Jesuit mission were impressed by Shah Jahan.

2. Shah Jahan was curious about Christianity and dispatched an embassy to Goa to invite Jesuit priests.

Which of the following is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 11
  • The high respect shown by Akbar towards the members of the Jesuit mission impressed them deeply. They interpreted the emperor’s open interest in the doctrines of Christianity as a Sign of his acceptance of their faith. This can be understood in the light of the prevailing Climate of religious intolerance in Western Europe.

  • Monserrate remarked that “the king cared little that in allowing everyone to follow his religion he was in reality violating all”. Akbar was curious about Christianity and dispatched an embassy to Goa to invite Jesuit Priests.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 12

Muhammad waris was a Mughal historian who completed Lahori’s ‘Badshahnama’ in 1656.

Which Mughal ruler patronised Muhammad Waris?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 12
  • Shah Jahan in his eighth regnal year asked Muhammad Amin Qazvini to write an official History of his reign and he completed his Badshahnama in 1636, which covers the first ten (lunar) years of Shah Jahan’reign.

  • Jalaluddin Tabatabai wrote another Badshahnama, but the extant portion of the text covers Only four years, from fifth to eighth regnal year of the emperor. The project was later given to Abdul Hamid Lahori, who wrote his Badshahnama in two volumes.

  • The first volume of this Work is based upon Qazvini’s work but has more details. The second volume covers the next Ten (lunar) years of Shah Jahan’s reign. He completed his work in 1648. Lahori died in 1654.

  • Muhammad Waris, a pupil of Lahori was given the responsibility to complete the task and his Badshahnama (completed in 1656) covers the rest of the period of Shah Jahan’s reign. His Work was published by the Asiatic Society as the third volume of the Badshahnama of Lahori.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 13

Consider the following statement:

1. The Ramayana was translated into persian as the Razmnama.

2. Abu’l-Hasan was a painter in the court of Jahangir.

Which of the following statements is correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 13
  • Mughal chronicles such as the Akbar Nama written in Persian, others, like Babur’s Memoirs, were translated from the Turkish into the Persian Babur Nama. Translations of Sanskrit texts such as the Mahabharata and the Ramayana into Persian were commissioned By the Mughal emperors.

  • The Mahabharata was translated as the Razmnama (Book of Wars) Abu’l-Hasan (or Abu al-Hasan) (1589 – c. 1630), from Delhi, India, was a Mughal painter of Miniatures in the reign of Jahangir.Abu al-Hasan was initially trained by the emperor himself in his large studios and workshops But soon surpassed his father and his employer.

  • Jahangir said of him that he had no equal and Bestowed the title Nadir-uz-Saman (“Wonder of the Age”) on him.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 14

Consider the following:

1. Aghas

2. Chaudhari

3. Khwajasara

Who among them was not a part of Mughal household?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 14
  • The chaudhuri means in charge of revenue collection. They were not a part of Mughal Household. The term “harem” is frequently used to refer to the domestic world of the Mughals. It Originates in the Persian word haram, meaning a sacred place.

  • The Mughal household Consisted of the emperor’s wives and concubines, his near and distant relatives (mother, step- and foster-mothers, sisters, daughters, daughters-in-law, aunts, children, Etc.), and female servants and slaves.

  • In the Mughal household a distinction was maintained between wives who came from Royal families (begams), and other wives (aghas) who were not of noble birth. Apart from wives, numerous male and female slaves populated the Mughal household.

  • The tasks they performed varied from the most mundane to those requiring skill, tact And intelligence. Slave eunuchs (khwajasara) moved between the external and internal Life of the household as guards, servants, and also as agents for women dabbling in Commerce.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 15

Consider the following statement:

1. The bazaar of Chandni Chowk, the throbbing centre of Shahjahanabad, was designed by Roshanara.

2. The book ‘Char Chaman’ was written during the reign of Akbar.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 15
  • The bazaar of Chandni Chowk,the throbbing centre of Shahjahanabad, was designed by Jahanara.

  • Chandrabhan Barahman described the Mughal nobility in his book Char Chaman (Four Gardens) was written during the reign of Shah Jahan

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 16

Which Mughal emperor introduced Jharokha darshan?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 16 Jharokha darshan was introduced by Akbar with the objective of broadening the acceptance of The imperial authority as part of popular faith.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 17

Consider the following pairs:

1. Robe of honour - Khilat

2. Sash - Patka

3. Gift of large amount of money - Nazr

Which of the following is not correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 17
  • Awards included the robe of honour (khilat), a Garment once worn by the emperor and imbued with his Benediction. One gift, the sarapa (“head to foot”), consisted Of a tunic, a turban and a sash (patka).

  • Jewelled ornaments Were often given as gifts by the emperor. The lotus blossom Set with jewels (padma murassa) was given only in Exceptional circumstances.A courtier never approached the emperor empty handed:He offered either a small sum of money (nazr ) or a large Amount (peshkash).

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 18

Consider the following statement:

1. Qandahar was a bone of contention between the Ottomans and the Mughals.

2. Mughals lost Qandahar during the reign of Jhanagir.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 18
  • Qandahar was a bone of contention between the Safavids and the Mughals. The Fortress-town had initially been in the possession of Humayun, reconquered in 1595 by Akbar.In the winter of 1622 during reign of Jahangir, Persian army besieged Qandahar.

  • The ill-Prepared Mughal garrison was defeated and had to surrender the fortress and the city To the Safavids. Perfecting prelims: Previous year questions from this chapter-

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 19

Nastaliq was:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 19 Nastaliq was a persian script during Mughal period.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 20

Mughal painting reached its zenith under:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 20 Jahangir was the Mughal Emperor from 1605–1627.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 21

Consider the following statements:

1. Governor General Lord Dalhousie described the kingdom of Poona as “a cherry that will drop into our mouth one day

2. Satara was the first princely state to be annexed under Doctrine of lapse.

Which of the following is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 21
  • In 1851 Governor General Lord Dalhousie described the kingdom of Awadh as “a cherry that will drop into our mouth one day”. Five years later, in 1856, the kingdom was formally annexed to the British Empire.

  • Satara state was a short-lived Princely state created by the British in 1818 after the Third Anglo-Maratha War and annexed by them in 1849 using the Doctrine of lapse. The state was ruled by descendants of Chhatrapati Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire.

  • At the time of its adoption, the British East India Company had imperial administrative jurisdiction over wide regions of the subcontinent.

  • The company took over the princely states of Satara (1848), Jaitpur and Sambalpur (1849), Nagpur and Jhansi (1854), Tore and Arcot (1855) and Udaipur (Chhattisgarh) under the terms of the doctrine of lapse. Oudh (1856)

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 22

“The Sepoys Mutiny and the rebellion of 1857” written by:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 22 Sepoys were the Indian soldiers under the command of British, the book “The Sepoys Mutiny and the rebellion of 1857” written by R. C. Mazumdar.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 23

Who was the prominent leader in Delhi during the Revolt of 1857?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 23 In Delhi, Bahadur Shah Zafar, then the Mughal ruler, was the prominent rebel leader, suppressed by John Nicholas.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 24

With which uprising is Mangal Pandey associated?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 24 The Mangal Pandey is associated with Barrackpur uprising. He started the uprising on 29 March 1857 in Barrackpore Cantonment.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 25

In which of the centre of revolt resistance to the British lasted longest in 1857 Revolt:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 25
  • The administrative structures established by the rebels were primarily aimed at meeting the demands of war. However, in most cases these structures could not survive the British onslaught.

  • But in Awadh, where resistance to the British lasted longest, plans of counter-attack were being drawn up by the Lucknow court and hierarchies of command were in place as late as the last months of 1857 and the early part of 1858.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 26

During the 1857 revolt which proclamation criticized the attitude of British towards native public servants?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 26
  • Azamgarh proclamation criticized the attitude of British towards native public servants. Section (iii) of proclamation was regarding public servant.

  • It is not a secret thing, that under the British Government, natives employed in the civil and military services have little respect, low pay, and no manner of influence; and all the posts of dignity and emolument in both the departments are exclusively bestowed on Englishmen.

  • Therefore, all the natives in the British service ought to be alive to their religion and interest, and abjuring their loyalty to the English, side with the Badshahi Government, and obtain salaries of 200 and 300 rupees a month for the present, and be entitled to high posts in the future

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 27

After the Revolt of 1857 why Governor General Canning was widely criticized in Britain?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 27
  • At a time when the clamour was for vengeance, pleas for moderation were ridiculed. When Governor General Canning declared that a gesture of leniency and a show of mercy would help in winning back the loyalty of the sepoys, he was mocked in the British press. In one of the cartoons published in the pages of Punch, a British journal of comic satire, Canning is shown as a looming father figure, with his protective hand over the head of a sepoy who still holds an unsheathed sword in one hand and a dagger in the other, both dripping with blood.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 28

Which one of the following territories was not affected by the Revolt of 1857?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 28
  • Jhansi - Rani Laxmibai; Lucknow - Begum Hazrat Mehal; Jagdishpur (Bihar)- Kunwar Singh. Most of the Punjab, Rajputana (Chittor) and Kashmir remained peaceful Nizam. of Hyderabad, Gulab Singh of Kashmir, Sikh rulers of Patiala, Nabha and Jind, Holkar of Indore, Scindia of Gwalior, Nawab of Bhopal, Rulers of Tehri and Tikamgarh in order to retain their position and state, helped the British to suppress the revolt of 1857.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 29

Exile of which ruler was observed as “The life was gone out of the body”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 29
  • Lord Dalhousie’s annexations created disaffection in all the areas and principalities that were annexed but nowhere more so than in the kingdom of Awadh in the heart of North India. Here, Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was dethroned and exiled to Calcutta on the plea that the region was being mis-governed.

  • The British government also wrongly assumed that Wajid Ali Shah was an unpopular ruler. On the contrary, he was widely loved, and when he left his beloved Lucknow, there were many who followed him all the way to Kanpur singing songs of lament.

  • The widespread sense of grief and loss at the Nawab’s exile was recorded by many contemporary observers.

  • One of them wrote: “The life was gone out of the body, and the body of this town had been left lifeless … there was no street or market and house which did not wail out the cry of agony in separation of Jan-i-Alam.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 30

Siege of Lucknow became a story of survival, heroic resistance and the ultimate triumph of British power. Who was the Commander of British forces in India who successfully rescued the besieged British garrison?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 30 Colin Campbell was appointed as the new Commander of British forces in India, came with his forces and rescued the besieged British garrison. In British accounts the siege of Lucknow became a story of survival, heroic resistance and the ultimate triumph of British power.

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