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Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope


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10 Questions MCQ Test Physics Class 12 | Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope for NEET 2022 is part of Physics Class 12 preparation. The Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope below.
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Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 1

The quantization of charge has little practical consequence and can be ignored at the

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 1

Gain or loss of charge in terms of few electrons each carrying very small charge is unobservable at macroscopic level.

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 2

A uniform line charge with linear density λ lies along the y-axis. What flux crosses a spherical surface centred at the origin with r = R

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 2

Correct Answer :- A

Explanation :

Line charge density = λ

radius, r=R

 length of wire inside the sphere is 2 R

Now,  λdl=dθ

for total charge enclosed by radius R, ∫(O to R)Q = ∫(O to R)λdl

Qinc = λ2R

Now, ϕ = Qinc/ε0

= λ2R/ε0

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 3

Magnitude of electric charge on a single electron is:​

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 3

The magnitude of charge on one electron is is 1.6 x10-19 C. Also called electron charge.

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 4

In SI units, a unit of charge is called a

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 4

The coulomb (symbolized C) is the standard unit of electric charge in the International System of Units (SI). It is a dimensionless quantity, sharing this aspect with the mole. A quantity of 1 C is equal to approximately 6.24 x 1018, or 6.24 quintillion.
In terms of SI base units, the coulomb is the equivalent of one ampere-second. Conversely, an electric current of A represents 1 C of unit electric charge carriers flowing past a specific point in 1 s. The unit electric charge is the amount of charge contained in a single electron.
 

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 5

If body is positively or negatively charged leaves of electroscope will

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 5

When the metal terminal of an electroscope is touched with a charged object (Positive or negative), the gold leaves spread apart or diverge in a 'V'. This is because some of the charge on the object is conducted through the terminal and metal rod to the leaves.
Since they receive the same sign charge they repel each other and thus diverge. If the terminal is grounded by touching it with a finger, the charge is transferred through the human body into the earth and the gold leaves close together.

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 6

SI unit of electric charge is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 6

Electric charge has the dimension electric current time. The SI derived unit of electric charge is the coulomb, which is defined as an ampere second.

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 7

Both the leaves of the electroscope carry

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 7

Since both leaves are negatively charged, they repel each other. When the rod is removed, the electroscope will remain charged because of the extra electrons added to it. Conversely, if the rod is brought near the knob but doesn't touch it, the electroscope will appear the same while the rod is near.

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 8

Earthing or grounding means

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 8

Earthing and Grounding are actually different terms for expressing the same concept. Ground or earth in a mains electrical wiring system is a conductor that provides a low impedance path to the earth to prevent hazardous voltages from appearing on equipment. In electrical engineering, ground or earth is the reference point in an electrical circuit from which voltages are measured, a common return path for electric current, or a direct physical connection to the earth.

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 9

Quantization of charge means that

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 9

Charge quantization, then, means that charge cannot take any arbitrary values, but only values that are integral multiples of the fundamental charge (charge of proton/electron). For example, in a hydrogen ion, we usually denote it with a positive sign to indicate that there's one proton more than there are electrons.

Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 10

Charging a metal sphere by contact using a positively charged rod, followed by grounding can result in ________ charge in a metal sphere.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gold Leaf Electroscope - Question 10

The charge on the rod is shared between the rod and the sphere when they are in contact with each other. However, on grounding the charge will flow to the earth and the charge on the sphere becomes zero

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