Test: India After Harsha - 2


20 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC CSE | Test: India After Harsha - 2


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QUESTION: 1

The Chola rulers were generally

Solution: The Chola rulers were generally Saivites. Among the existing specimens in museums around the world and in the temples of South India may be seen many fine figures of Shiva in various forms, such as Vishnu and his consort Lakshmi, and the Saivite saints. Though conforming generally to the iconographic conventions established by long tradition, The sculptors worked with great freedom in the 11th and the 12th centuries to achieve a classic grace and grandeur. The best example of this can be seen in the form of Nataraja the Divine Dancer.

QUESTION: 2

The Turkish brought with them musical instruments

Solution: The Turkish brought with them musical instruments Rabab and Sarangi. During this time, the music of North India began to acquire and adapt to the presence of Persian language, music, and musical instruments, such as the Setar, from which the Sitar got its name; the Kamancheh and Santur, which became popular in Kashmir; and the Rabab [alternately known as Rebab and Rubab], which preceded the Sarod. New instruments were introduced, including the Tabla and Sitar.

QUESTION: 3

Harsha’s military expansion in the Deccan was checked by

Solution: Harsha’s military expansion in the Deccan was checked by Pulkesin II. When Pulkesin II pushed forth up to the Narmada, he came face to face with Harshavardhana of Kanauj who already had the title Uttarapatha Ishvara (Lord of the north). In a decisive battle fought on the banks of the river Narmada, Harsha lost a major part of his elephant force and had to retreat. The Aihole inscription describes how the mighty Harsha lost his harsha (joy) when he suffered the ignominy of defeat.

QUESTION: 4

Who of the following adopted Garuda’ as dynasty emblem after the imperial Guptas?

Solution: Rashtrakutas adopted Garuda as a dynastic emblem after the imperial Gupta. Silver coins of the Gupta kings Chandragupta II and his son Kumaragupta I adopted the Western Satrap design (itself derived from the Indo-Greeks) with bust of the ruler and pseudo-Greek inscription on the obverse, and a royal eagle (Garuda, the dynastic symbol of the Guptas) replacing the Chaitya hill with star and crescent on the reverse.

QUESTION: 5

The north Indian dynasties that confronted the Rashtrakutas were

Solution: The North Indian dynasties that confronted the Rashtrakutas were the Pratiharas and the Palas.The Pratiharas are believed to be the clan of Rajputs. The greatest ruler of the The Pratihara dynasty was Mihir Bhoja. He recovered Kanauj (Kanyakubja) by 836, and it remained the capital of the Pratiharas for almost a century. The Pratihara dynasty started well under the ruler Nagabhata-I. Though initially he had hiccups with the Rashtrakutas, he was able to leave behind a strong State comprising Malwa, parts of Rajputana and Gujarat

QUESTION: 6

The Vikramshila Mahavihara, the renowned educational centre of Pala period at

Solution: The Vikramshila Mahavihara, the renowned educational centre of Pala period at Antichak. Vikramshila Mahavihara was one of the two most important centres of Buddhist learning in India during the Pala dynasty. Established by King Dharmapala (783 to 820 CE), it is located about 50 km east of Bhagalpur andabout 13 km north-east of Kahalgaon railway station on Bhagalpur-Sahebganj section of eastern railway. The area is under the protected jurisdiction of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

QUESTION: 7

Which one of the following Chola rulers had persecuted Ramanuja and ousted him from his Kingdom?

Solution: Kulothunga I Chola ruler had persecuted Ramanuja and ousted him from his kingdom. Ramanuja was the contemporary of Kulothunga II. It is Kulothunga II who banished Ramanuja from Tamil country and the latter had to seek refuge in Melkote, Karnataka. Hence  even bringing Ramunaja into Athirajendra’s death would cause more confusion. Till Kulothunga II, all the Chola kings and emperors supported all the religions equally although they were staunch Saivaites.

QUESTION: 8

Which one of the following was the primary assembly in the Chola village administration?

Solution: Ur was the primary village assembly in the Chola village administration. Every The village was a self-governing unit. A number of such villages constituted a Korram in different parts of the country. Taniyur was a large village big enough to be a Kurram by itself. A a number of Kurrams constituted a Valanadu. Several Valanadus made up one Mandalam, a province. At the height of the Chola empire, there were eight or nine of these provinces including Sri Lanka. These divisions and names underwent constant changes throughout the Chola period.

QUESTION: 9

A Chalukya inscription is dated in the year 556 of the Saka era. Its equivalent is to

Solution: A Chalukya inscription is dated in the year 556 of the Saka era. It’s equivalent to 478 AD. This undated inscription belongs to the reign of the Chalukya king Vijayaditya Satyasraya. It registers the grant of 20 mattars of red soil, a matter of wet land and 2 mattars of garden land to Talereyar by Vikramaditya, the uncle of Banarja, when the latter was ruling Turamaravishaya as the king’s feudatory. It also states that Vikramaditya had the birudas Taruna-Vasantan and Samanta-kesari and that he was ruling Ayiradi. The inscription was written by Singutti.

QUESTION: 10

Vikramshila Mahavihara was established by the ruler of

Solution: Vikramshila Mahavihara was established by the ruler of pala dynasty. Pala Dynasty was the ruling dynasty in Bihar and Bengal in India, from the 8th to the 12th century. Called the Palas because all their names ended in Pala, “protector”. The Palas rescued Bengal from the Chaos into which it had fallen after the death of Shashanka, a rival of Harsha of Kanauj. The founder of the dynasty was Gopala.

QUESTION: 11

In which court was a Chinese embassy sent by the T'ang emperor?

Solution: In Harshavardhana court, a Chinese embassy was sent by the T'ang emperor. The T’ang dynasty was formed in 618 due to the failed exhibitions to Korea by the Sui, which had led to conflicts in the north of China. The T’ang’s founder, Li Yuan was a rebel from an aristocratic family (traced from the Han) that was influential under the Northern Zhou. The T’ang took some time to become established, in part due to a rebellion in 617 that took several years to succeed with the help of the Turks.

QUESTION: 12

Who founded the four Mathas in the four corners of India?

Solution: Sankaracharya founded the four Mathas in the four corners of India. Shankara was born at Kaladi in Kerala as a result of austerities and earnest prayers of his childless parents to Lord Shiva. Shankara’s father Shivaguru and mother Aryambal were Namboodiri Brahmin couples who led a holy life performing Vedic rituals ordained for a householder. However, they were childless.

QUESTION: 13

The presiding deity of Bhojshala Temple is

Solution: The presiding deity of Bhojshala temple is goddess Saraswati. Bhojshala is one of the most significant monuments of Madhya Pradesh as a whole as it spots the land of Dhar. It is an ancient monument that had been dedicated to goddess Saraswati. This was the only temple in fat that was dedicated to this deity of the Hindu cult.

QUESTION: 14

Rath Temples at Mahabalipuram were built in the reign of which Pallava ruler?

Solution: Rath temples of Mahabalipuram were built in the reign of Narasimhavarman I. There are about nine monolithic temples at Mahabalipuram. They are the unique contribution of the Pallavas to Indian art. The monolithic temples are called locally as Ratha (chariot) as they resemble the processional chariots of a temple. The five Rathas, the best of all monolithic temples, are hewn out of a huge boulder.

QUESTION: 15

Ramayanam’ the Tamil version of the great epic Ramayana was made by

Solution: ‘Ramayanam’ the Tamil version of the great epic Ramayana was made by Kamban. Ramavataram, popularly referred to as Kamba Ramayanam, is a Tamil epic that was written by Kamban during the 12th century. Based on Valmiki’s Ramayana in Sanskrit, the story describes the life of king Rama of Ayodhya. However, Ramavataram is different from the Sanskrit original in many aspects – both in spiritual concepts and in the specifics of the story line.

QUESTION: 16

Which one of the following is not a work on architecture?

Solution: Mahavastu is not a work on architecture. Mahavastu is more refined version of Vastu Shastra. Vastu Shastra being a very old subject didn’t have a proper procedure to apply the beneficial wisdom in modern lifestyle. Due to lack of proper research and documentation of results, it has never been possible to give it a scientific working procedure.

QUESTION: 17

Sugandhadevi who issued coins with the figure of seated Lakshmi was a Queen of

Solution: Sugandhadevi who issued coins with the figure of seated Lakshmi was a queen of Kashmir. The auspicious markings on Srimati Radharani’s lotus feet include the signs of the conch shell, moon, elephant, barleycorn, rod for controlling elephants, chariot flag, small drum, svastika and fish.

QUESTION: 18

Who among the following believed in the theory of Bhedabheda?

Solution: Nimbarkacharya believed in the theory of Bheda Abheda. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu amalgamated the views of all the previous Acaryas in his thesis of Acintya-bhedabheda Tattva explicitly explained by Sri Baladeva Vidyabhusana in his Govinda Bhasya of the Vedanta-sutra.

QUESTION: 19

What was the main objective of Sultan Mahmud’s Indian conquests?

Solution: Acquisition of wealth was the main objective of Sultan Mahmud’s Indian conquests. In 1001, Mahmud of Ghazni had first invaded India. Mahmud defeated, captured and later released Shahi ruler Jaya Pala who had moved his capital to Peshawar. Jaya Pala killed himself and was succeeded by his son Ananda Pala. In 1005, Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Bhatia (probably Bhera) and in 1006 he invaded Multan at which time Ananda Pala’s army attacked him.

QUESTION: 20

In the context of cultural history of India, a pose in dance and dramatics called ‘Tribhanga’ has been a favourite of Indian artists from ancient times till today. Which one of the following statements best describe this pose?

Solution: The pose ‘Tribhanga’ is the favourite posture of Lord Krishna. We have often seen Lord Krishna standing in tribhanga posture before his cow ‘Kamdhenu’ or whenever he is playing his flute. He is often called Tribhana Murari.

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