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The induced emf in a material opposes the flux producing it. This is
The induced emf in a material under the influence of a magnetic field will oppose the flux that produces it. This is indicated by a negative sign in the emf equation. This phenomenon is called Lenz law.
The flux lines of two energised coils overlapping on each other will give
Flux lines are the magnetic lines of force of a magnetic material. Since the flux is overlapping, the total flux of the two coils together will be high. Thus it is an aiding flux. Also this type of overlapping is possible only when the two coils are back to back or in series connection.
Calculate the reluctance of the material with a mmf of 3.5 units and flux of 7units.
The reluctance is defined as the ratio of the mmf and the flux. It is given by S = mmf/φ. On substituting mmf = 3.5 and φ = 7, we get S = 3.5/7 = 0.5 units.
Calculate the reluctance of a material with length 2π x 10^{4} in air with area 0.5.
The reluctance is given by S = L/μ A, where L is the length, A is the area and μ is the permeability. On substituting L = 2π x 10^{4}, A = 0.5 and μ = 4π x 10^{7}, we get S = 10^{3}/(2 x0.5) = 1000 units.
The line integral of the magnetic field intensity is given by
The line integral of H is given by ∫H. dl. From Ampere law it can be related to the current density and hence the current element NI for a coil of N turns. Thus, ∫H. dl = NI.
The magnetic energy of a material is given by half of the product of the magnetic flux density and the magnetic field intensity. It is represented as BH/2. Since B = μH, we can also write as μH^{2} or B^{2}/2μ.
The energy in a magnetic material is due to which process?
The energy in a magnetic material is due to the formation of magnetic dipoles which are held together due to magnetic force. This gives energy to the material. Hence it is due to magnetization process.
The reluctance of a magnetic material is the ability of the material to oppose the magnetic flux. It is the ratio of the magnetic motive force mmf to the flux.
The reluctance is also defined by the ratio of the current element to the flux. In other words, mmf = NI. Thus S = NI/φ. We get the relation NI = Sφ.
Ampere turn refers to the current element, which is the product of the turns and the current. It is given by NI. From the definition of reluctance, S = NI/φ. Thus NI = Sφ is the best equivalent.
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