Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1


25 Questions MCQ Test History(Prelims) by IRS Rajni Sharma | Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1


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QUESTION: 1

To which of the following is Agrarian expansion in the USA closely connected ?

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QUESTION: 2

Cultivation of which crops improved fertility of soil ?

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QUESTION: 3

The first Opium War took place between?

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QUESTION: 4

Before late 18th century English countryside was ?

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QUESTION: 5

Unlike 16th century enclosures those in the 18th century were undertaken to ?

Solution:

Enclosure was the legal process in England of consolidating (enclosing) small landholdings into larger farms.

Over the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the English countryside changed dramatically.After the mid-eighteenth century, the Enclosure Movement swept through the countryside, changing the English landscape forever. The reasons being; Rapid expansion of population from 7 million in 1750 to 21 million in 1850 and 30 million in 1900 and increased demand for food grains to feed the growing population.

Hence enclosure in the 18th century was undertaken to increase grain production, unlike that which took place in 16th century.

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following was a important factor in farmers investing in threshing machines ? 

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QUESTION: 7

Due to enclosures ?

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QUESTION: 8

What was a factor in British confiscation of opium produced in Central India and Rajasthan ? 

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QUESTION: 9

Which of the following was not a feature of Common Land ? 

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Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel. It’s main features are that all villagers had access to it, it helped sustain the meagre income of the poor and the poor fished in ponds, collected fuel, food and fodder.

QUESTION: 10

Which of the following was not a factor in America being a land of promise ?  

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QUESTION: 11

Who of the following said these words "Plant more wheat, wheat will win the war" ? 

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QUESTION: 12

Indian farmer was goaded into cultivation of opium by ?

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QUESTION: 13

In the mid-18th century trade in opium with China was ?

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QUESTION: 14

Factor in increased food grain production in post-1780 Britain was ?

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QUESTION: 15

During which of the following period did dramatic expansion of wheat production take place in the USA ? 

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QUESTION: 16

Opium in early 16th century China was introduced by ?

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QUESTION: 17

16th century enclosures were driven by ?

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QUESTION: 18

Which of the following was not a feature of strip cultivation ? 

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QUESTION: 19

Why in the 1930's America's dream of land of plenty turned into a nightmare ? 

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In 1930s terrifying dust storms began to blow over the southern place the cause of these dust storms was mainly due to wipe out of land escape which was ploughed over and the grass that held the soil where stripped off.

QUESTION: 20

Opium production in India was linked with British trade in ?

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QUESTION: 21

Who amongst the following gained most from enclosures ?

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QUESTION: 22

For poorer farmers machines brought misery because of ?

Solution:
The big farmers of USA bought the new reaper machine. Then the work could be done quickly with minimum number of labourers. Mechanisation reduced the need for labour and created unemployment. Some small-scale farmers even bought these machines, with the loans banks offered them, but found it extremely difficult to pay back, when the demand decreased after the First World War.These farmers left their farms and ventured out in search of employment. But jobs were also difficult to find out due to mechanisation.Thus, it can be concluded that machines brought misery for the poor farmers.
QUESTION: 23

Strip cultivation was practiced by ?

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QUESTION: 24

Two major commercial crops of early 19th century India ?

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QUESTION: 25

In India, the British encouraged the cultivation of opium in?

Solution:

By the middle of the 18th century Bihar had become the province in which opium of the best quality and greatest quantity was produced. In the anarchy of the period, the Government monopoly had fallen into abeyance. Bengal was the principal area for cultivation of the poppy. As the price of this variety began to increase at an alarming rate, they turned their attention to Bengal opium.

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