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Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1


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25 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 9 | Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 for UPSC 2022 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 9 preparation. The Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 MCQs are made for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 below.
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Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 1

Before late 18th century English countryside was ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 1

Open fields in the country side proved favorable for the merchants to look for and provide money to the peasants and artisans to produce for the international market. With the shrinking of the open fields and Commons, peasants were left with small plots of land not sufficient to meet their family needs so they took to alternate source of income.

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 2

Cultivation of which crops improved fertility of soil ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 3

To which of the following is Agrarian expansion in the USA closely connected ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 4

The first Opium War took place between?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 5

Unlike 16th century enclosures those in the 18th century were undertaken to ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 5

Enclosure was the legal process in England of consolidating (enclosing) small landholdings into larger farms.

Over the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the English countryside changed dramatically.After the mid-eighteenth century, the Enclosure Movement swept through the countryside, changing the English landscape forever. The reasons being; Rapid expansion of population from 7 million in 1750 to 21 million in 1850 and 30 million in 1900 and increased demand for food grains to feed the growing population.

Hence enclosure in the 18th century was undertaken to increase grain production, unlike that which took place in 16th century.

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 6

Which of the following was not a feature of Common Land ? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 6

Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel. It’s main features are that all villagers had access to it, it helped sustain the meagre income of the poor and the poor fished in ponds, collected fuel, food and fodder.

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 7

Which of the following was a important factor in farmers investing in threshing machines ? 

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 8

Due to enclosures ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 9

What was a factor in British confiscation of opium produced in Central India and Rajasthan ? 

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 10

Indian farmer was goaded into cultivation of opium by ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 11

Who of the following said these words "Plant more wheat, wheat will win the war" ? 

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 12

Which of the following was not a factor in America being a land of promise ?  

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 13

In the mid-18th century trade in opium with China was ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 13

The correct option is B.
Opium trade, in Chinese history, the traffic that developed in the 18th and 19th centuries ... Early in the 18th century the Portuguese found that they could import opium from India and ... Foreign traders (primarily British) had been illegal

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 14

Why in the 1930's America's dream of land of plenty turned into a nightmare ? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 14
In 1930s terrifying dust storms began to blow over the southern place the cause of these dust storms was mainly due to wipe out of land escape which was ploughed over and the grass that held the soil where stripped off.

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 15

Opium in early 16th century China was introduced by ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 15

Opium was such an important commodity. The Portuguese had introduced opium into China in the early 16th century.

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 16

Which of the following was not a feature of strip cultivation ? 

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 17

16th century enclosures were driven by ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 18

During which of the following period did dramatic expansion of wheat production take place in the USA ? 

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 19

Factor in increased food grain production in post-1780 Britain was ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 20

Opium production in India was linked with British trade in ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 21

Strip cultivation was practiced by ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 21

Strip cropping  is a method of farming which involves cultivating a field partitioned into long, narrow strips which are alternated in a crop rotation system. It is used when a slope is too steep or when there is no alternative method of preventing soil erosion.

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 22

Two major commercial crops of early 19th century India ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 23

In India, the British encouraged the cultivation of opium in?

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 23

By the middle of the 18th century Bihar had become the province in which opium of the best quality and greatest quantity was produced. In the anarchy of the period, the Government monopoly had fallen into abeyance. Bengal was the principal area for cultivation of the poppy. As the price of this variety began to increase at an alarming rate, they turned their attention to Bengal opium.

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 24

Who amongst the following gained most from enclosures ?

Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 25

For poorer farmers machines brought misery because of ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Peasants And Farmers - 1 - Question 25
The big farmers of USA bought the new reaper machine. Then the work could be done quickly with minimum number of labourers. Mechanisation reduced the need for labour and created unemployment. Some small-scale farmers even bought these machines, with the loans banks offered them, but found it extremely difficult to pay back, when the demand decreased after the First World War.These farmers left their farms and ventured out in search of employment. But jobs were also difficult to find out due to mechanisation.Thus, it can be concluded that machines brought misery for the poor farmers.
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